|Revised Romanization||Gim Hong-do|
|Hangul||단원, 단구, 서호, 고면거사, 취화사, or 첩취옹|
|Hanja||檀園, 丹邱, 西湖, 高眠居士, 醉畵士, or 輒醉翁|
|Revised Romanization||Danwon, Dan-gu, Seoho, Gomyeon-geosa, or Cheopchwiong|
|McCune–Reischauer||Tanwŏn, Tan'gu, Sŏho Komyŏn'gŏsa, or Ch'ŏpch'wiong|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kim Hong-do.|
Kim Hong-do (김홍도, b. 1745, d. 1806?-1814?), most often styled Danwon 단원, was a full-time painter of the Joseon period of Korea. He was together a pillar of the establishment and a key figure of the new trends of his time, the 'true view painting'. Kim Hong-do was an exceptional artist in every field of traditional painting, even if he is mostly remembered nowadays for his depictions of the everyday life of ordinary people, in a manner analogous to the Dutch Masters.
Danwon was a member of the Gimhae Kim clan. He grew up in present-day Ansan, South Korea. At the age of 7, Kim Hong-Do studied under the renowned master Pyoam Kang Se-hwang, who was then living in seclusion in Ansan. In 1766, at the age of 21, on the recommendation of Kang Sehwang, he entered the royal service as a member (hwawon) of the Dohwaseo, the official painters of the Joseon court. In 1771, he painted the portrait of the Royal Heir (the future King Jeongjo). In 1773, he assisted Byeon Sang-byeok when painting the Royal Portrait of King Yeongjo (1694–1724–1776).
In 1776, he painted the "Nineteen Taoist Immortals", that skyrocketed his reputation as a painter. At the same time, the new instated King Jeongjo (1752–1776–1800) commissioned him for many institutional paintings.
The city of Ansan, where he spent his youth and learned his craft, has memorialized him in many ways. The district of Danwon-gu is named after him, as is Ansan's annual "Danwon Art Festival." Many public places have been designed in imitation of his works.
Towooart provides a short notice and an argumented selection of paintings. The Korean Copyright Commission lists 757 paintings, 7 calligraphies and 4 moldings for Kim Hong-do. Remark: some paintings have multiple descriptions (often a sepia version is given with a very fine resolution, and a colorful one with a lower resolution. An example is 평양감사 향안도 Feast for the Pyongyang Governor).
- The paintings that launched the reputation of Kim Hong-do.
- 'Literati' paintings.
- Official paintings
- The designated painter of the King
- 'Genre paintings'. Among them, the album Danwon pungsokdo provides a serie of 25 paintings. Here are only four of them:
- After 1800 and the death of King Jeongjo.
The novel Painter of the Wind, by Lee Jeong-myeong, is centered around Danwon and Hyewon, who is portrayed as a woman disguised as a man. In 2008, the novel was adapted into a drama series also named Painter of the Wind starring Park Shin-yang (박신양) as Kim Hong-do.
- Turner 2003, p. (18)53
- KBS. http://rki.kbs.co.kr/english/program/program_koreanstory_detail.htm??lang=e¤t_page=11&No=23530
- Pratt 1999, p. 211
- (Korean) Britannica. http://preview.britannica.co.kr/bol/topic.asp?article_id=b03g2103b
- TWA 2013
- KCC 2013
- Lee Jung-myung (이정명,), Painter of the Wind Vol. 1 & 2, Million House, Seoul, 2007. ISBN 978-89-91643-26-0 & ISBN 978-89-91643-27-7.
- Mysterious Artist Resurfaces on Modern Culture Scene, Korea Times, 2008-10-09. Retrieved 2010-07-07.
- Pratt, Keith L.; Rutt, Richard; Hoare, James E. (1999). Korea, A Historical and Cultural Dictionary. Durham East Asia Series. Routledge. p. 568. ISBN 978-0-7007-0463-7.
- Turner, Jane (2003). Grove Dictionary of Art. Oxford University Press, US. p. 32600. ISBN 978-0-1951-7068-9.
- Oh, Joosok, Adjunct Professor, Chung-Ang University (2007). "The Life and Art of Kim Hong-do". Korean Art and Archeology (National Museum of Korea) 1: 34–45.
- KCC (2013). "Kim Hong-do". Database (in Korean). Korean Copyright Commission.
- TWA (2013). "Kim Hong-do". Database (in Korean). Towooart.
- Arts of Korea, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art Libraries (fully available online as PDF), which contains material on Kim Hong-do