Kim Howells

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The Right Honourable
Kim Howells
Kim Howells 2.jpg
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
11 May 2005 – 6 October 2008
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Gordon Brown
Preceded by Elizabeth Symons
Succeeded by Bill Rammell
Minister of State for Education
In office
10 September 2004 – 11 May 2005
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Minister of State for Transport
In office
13 June 2003 – 10 September 2004
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Parliamentary Undersecretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport
In office
11 June 2001 – 13 June 2003
Prime Minister Tony Blair
Member of Parliament
for Pontypridd
In office
23 February 1989 – 6 May 2010
Preceded by Brynmor John
Succeeded by Owen Smith
Personal details
Born (1946-11-27) 27 November 1946 (age 68)
Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
Nationality British
Political party Labour
Spouse(s) Eirlys Davies
Alma mater Middlesex University
University of Warwick
Anglia Ruskin University
Occupation Politician

Kim Scott Howells (born 27 November 1946) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Pontypridd from 1989 to 2010, and held a number of ministerial positions within the Government.

Biography[edit]

Howells is the son of the late Glanville Howells, a Communist lorry driver,[1] and of Joan Glenys Howells. Born in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales and raised in Penywaun near Aberdare in the Cynon Valley, he is a former pupil of Mountain Ash Grammar School.

Howells went to Hornsey College of Art (now part of Middlesex University) where he was active in the May 1968 student occupation, and was the first protester to breach the Metropolitan Police cordon at the demonstration against the Vietnam War outside the US Embassy in Grosvenor Square in 1968.[1]

Howell featured as a student leader at Hornsey College of Art in director John Goldschmidt's film "Our Live Experiment is worth more than 3,000 Textbooks", made for Granada Television and shown on the ITV network.

He attended Cambridge College of Arts and Technology (1971–74) where he studied for a Joint Honours Degree and was awarded a 2:1 which allowed him to follow post-graduate studies in history. Howells later obtained a PhD from the University of Warwick in 1979, for a thesis entitled A view from below : tradition, experience and nationalism in the South Wales coalfield, 1937–1957.[2]

Professional career[edit]

On return home to South Wales from college, Howells worked as a researcher and editor for the South Wales Miner, before becoming a South Wales National Union of Mineworkers official and local representative of the Communist Party of Great Britain.[3] He joined the Labour Party in 1982.[4]

Howells ran the NUM Pontypridd office which co-ordinated the South Wales miners' efforts during the UK miners' strike (1984–1985). A serious incident during the national dispute occurred on Howells' patch at the end of November 1984, when taxi driver David Wilkie was killed when two striking miners dropped a concrete block off a local bridge onto Wilkie's taxi, which was taking a strike-breaking miner to work. On being told of the incident in a telephone call from a reporter of the South Wales Echo, Howells rode his bicycle to the NUM offices.

After allegations that he hid evidence associated with the death of Wilkie, and an investigation by South Wales Police, Howells in 2004 commented in a BBC Wales documentary that when he heard the news, he thought "hang on, we've got all those records we've kept over in the NUM offices, there's all those maps on the wall, we're gonna get implicated in this". He then destroyed a large number of papers, because he feared a police raid on the union offices.[5] He has commented that same day that the attack by the strikers was a result of pressure to get the miners to return to work.

After the miners' strike, and the closure of 29 of the 30 NCB pits in South Wales, Howells became a writer and presenter for television and radio, and a college lecturer.

Parliamentary career[edit]

Howells as a Foreign Office Minister in 2007

Howells entered the House of Commons in a by-election in 1989. He excelled in the Labour Opposition, becoming Opposition Spokesman on Trade and Industry, Home Affairs, Foreign Affairs and Development and Co-operation. Howells suggested in 1996 that the word "socialism" ought to be "humanely phased out" of Labour party policy documents.[6] (Clause IV (revised in 1995) of the party's constitution states that "The Labour Party is a democratic socialist party").

He held a string of junior ministerial posts in various departments following the 1997 election, until October 2008. From January 1997 to January 1998, he served as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department for Education and Employment. He then served in the Department for Trade and industries until June 2001, and then as a junior minister with the trade and broadcasting brief at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport until June 2003. He served as a Minister of State from June 2003 to September 2004, when he became Minister for Higher Education. He left that post when he was made Minister for the Middle East in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office in May 2005. He remained a Minister of State at the Foreign Office after Gordon Brown became Prime Minister, but returned to the backbenches when Brown conducted a reshuffle in October 2008.[7]

After leaving the government, Howells was appointed to take over from Margaret Beckett as chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee, a committee of parliamentarians that oversees the work of Britain's intelligence and security agencies.

In 2003, he said the Labour government was trying to run capitalism more "efficiently" and "humanely".[6] He is a member, and the former chairman, of Labour Friends of Israel.[8]

In February 2009, Howells was appointed to the Privy Council, making him the Right Honourable Kim Howells, an appointment that coincided with the 20th anniversary of his election to Parliament.

In March 2009, it was revealed that Howells made one of the lowest claims on expenses of Welsh MPs, being 5th from bottom.[9]

On 18 December 2009, Howells announced that he would stand down at the 2010 general election.[10]

On 15 July 2011 Dr Howells received an Honorary Doctorate for his contribution to Welsh and British Politics from the University of Glamorgan.[11] Following comments made by Dr Howells,[12] international students organised to demonstrate at the ceremony. Howells pulled out at the last minute after mounting pressure from students.[13] The NUS Wales Black Students' Campaign described Dr Howells' comments as 'reckless' and said that the comments 'could add to the barriers facing Black and Minority Ethnic students in Wales'.[14]

Parliamentary challenges[edit]

In February 2006 he was the subject of a complaint from Paul Flynn MP after he mocked Mr Flynn's attitude towards the UK's Afghan Drug policy:

It is not enough to assume that if people eat the right kind of muesli, go to first nights of Harold Pinter revivals and read The Independent occasionally, the drug barons of Afghanistan will go away. They will not.[15]

On 22 November 2006 it was announced that on a recent visit to Iraq his helicopter was involved in an incident as it left the city of Basra with witnesses claiming shots were fired at the aircraft.

Ministerial career[edit]

Howells' Ministerial career was varied, being a Minister of Culture, Transport, Communications and Alcohol Licensing. Notable legislation he introduced included the Licensing Act 2003 and the Communications Act 2003, the latter of which introduced offences of 'Improper use of public electronic communications network', 'dishonestly obtaining electronic communications services', which have been used to prosecute trolling and jailbreaking[16]

Personality[edit]

Howells is known to be outspoken. In 2002 as a junior Minister at the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, he criticised the Turner Prize by writing a note that read:

If this is the best British artists can produce then British art is lost. It is cold mechanical, conceptual bullshit. Kim Howells. P.S. The attempts at contextualisation are particularly pathetic and symptomatic of a lack of conviction.

Throughout his Parliamentary career he was unafraid to speak his mind and often sparked strong criticism from those he criticised or offended. During a House of Commons debate on licensing laws he said that the idea of "listening to three Somerset folk singers sounds like hell".

On the Today programme, while visiting Iraq on 11 March 2006 as Foreign Office minister, he commented in an interview:

[Iraq] is a mess that can't launch an attack now on Iran; a mess that won't be able to march into Kuwait; it's a mess that can't develop nuclear weapons. So yes it's a mess but it's starting to look like the sort of mess that most of us live in.[17]

On 22 July 2006 Howell criticised Israel's bombardment of Lebanon while on a visit to Beirut, breaking with the Prime Minister and Foreign Secretary's less critical line, saying:

The destruction of the infrastructure, the death of so many children and so many people. These have not been surgical strikes. And it's very difficult, I think, to understand the kind of military tactics that have been used. You know, if they're chasing Hezbollah, then go for Hezbollah. You don't go for the entire Lebanese nation.[18]

He once described the royal family as "a bit bonkers".[19]

Howells has also said that Labour needs to change its relationship with the unions or face damaging its reputation and risk losing the next general election.[20]

Personal life[edit]

Howells married Eirlys Davies in 1983. He has two sons and one stepdaughter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dr Kim Howells". BBC Wales/South East. Retrieved 2 May 2008. 
  2. ^ http://webcat.warwick.ac.uk/record=b1751329~S9
  3. ^ Milne, Seumas (11 February 2008). "Kim's game". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2 May 2008. 
  4. ^ Tweedie, Neil (14 January 2006). "Owning up, the man with a habit of hitting out". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 31 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Howells' strike papers admission – inquiry", BBC News, 27 January 2004.
  6. ^ a b Morris, Nigel (13 January 2003). "Kim Howells: Plain-speaking minister from the Valleys with few regrets". The Independent (London). Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  7. ^ Kim Howells: Electoral history and profile from the Guardian
  8. ^ Toby Greene Blair, Labour, and Palestine: Conflicting Views on Middle East Peace After 9/11, London: Bloomsbury, 2013, p.43
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ "Pontypridd MP Kim Howells standing down at election". BBC News Online. 18 December 2009. 
  11. ^ http://news.glam.ac.uk/news/en/2011/jun/28/university-glamorgan-honours-contributions-public-/
  12. ^ "Foreign students 'security problem', says Kim Howells". BBC News. 10 July 2011. 
  13. ^ http://www.walesonline.co.uk/news/education-news/2011/07/15/ex-mp-withdraws-from-university-honour-ceremony-91466-29057011/
  14. ^ http://www.nusconnect.org.uk/news/article/black/2378/
  15. ^ "Minister's muesli jibe angers MP". BBC. 10 February 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006. 
  16. ^ Bishop, J. (2010). Tough on data misuse, tough on the causes of data misuse: A review of New Labour's approach to information security and regulating the misuse of digital information (1997–2010). International Review of Law, Computers & Technology 24 (3), 299–303. Available online
  17. ^ "Minister admits Iraq is 'a mess'". BBC. 11 March 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006. 
  18. ^ "Minister condemns Israeli action". BBC. 22 July 2006. Retrieved 23 July 2006. 
  19. ^ "Minister says royals are 'bonkers'". BBC. 8 April 2001. Retrieved 29 July 2006. 
  20. ^ "Kim Howells warns Ed Miliband over union selection powers". BBC. 22 June 2013. Retrieved 1 July 2013. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Brynmor John
Member of Parliament for Pontypridd
19892010
Succeeded by
Owen Smith
Political offices
Preceded by
Margaret Beckett
Chair of the Intelligence and Security Committee
2008–2010
Succeeded by
Malcolm Rifkind