Kim Jong-pil

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For other people named Kim Jong-pil, see Kim Jong-pil (disambiguation).
Not to be confused with Kim Jong-il, former leader of North Korea
This is a Korean name; the family name is Kim.
Kim Jong-pil
Kim Jong-pil 1999.png
Kim in 1999
11th and 32nd Prime Minister of South Korea
In office
Jun 4, 1971 – Dec 18, 1975
President Park Chung-hee
Preceded by Baek Du-jin
Succeeded by Choi Kyu-hah
In office
Aug 18, 1998 – Jan 12, 2000
President Kim Dae-jung
Preceded by Goh Kun
Succeeded by Park Tae-joon
Personal details
Born (1926-01-07) January 7, 1926 (age 88)
Buyeo County
Political party Saenuri Party
Religion Buddhism, latter converted to Protestantism
Kim Jong-pil
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Gim Jong-pil
McCune–Reischauer Kim Chongp'il
Pen name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised Romanization Unjeong
McCune–Reischauer Unjŏng

Kim Jong-pil (Korean pronunciation: [kimdʑoŋpʰil]; born January 7, 1926) is a South Korean politician and founder of the Korean Central Intelligence Agency (the KCIA, now the National Intelligence Service), who served as Prime Minister twice, from 1971–1975 and from 1998–2000.

Life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Kim Jong-pil was born in Buyeo County, Chungcheongnam-do, and graduated from the Korea Military Academy in 1949 (KMA class No. 8). He participated in the May 16 coup led by Major General Park Chung-hee in 1961 and served in several high-profile offices, including Chairman of the ruling Democratic Republican Party during Park's presidency of eighteen years.

Kim Jong-pil and Douglas MacArthur (left)

Political activity[edit]

In 1963, he founded the Democratic Republican Party (민주공화당). In 1971 he first served as Prime Minister of South Korea 1971 to 1975.

Ancestry[edit]

In a 2001 sentimental letter written to Bhimlendra Mohan Pratap Mishra, a king of erstwhile Ayodhya state with a history of 200 years old, Kim expressed of his March 2001 visit to India "remaining very meaningful to me" as it "fulfilled his desire to visit Ayodhya, a princess of which became the queen of King Suro of Gaya and Heo Hwang-ok. I am the 72nd generation descendant of the King Kim Suro of the Karak Kingdom."[1]

Kim was amongst more than a hundred historians and government representatives, including the North Korean ambassador to India, and an 18 member delegation from South Korea – led by former Gimhae Mayor Song Eun-Bok[2] – composed of prominent industrialists who inaugurated a memorial to their royal ancestor, Queen Hwang Huh on the west bank of the River Sarayu. The monument is built using a three-metre high stone weighing 7,500 kg, specially shipped from South Korea.[3]

Retirement[edit]

In 2004, he announced his retirement from politics after his bid for a tenth term in the National Assembly failed and his party, the United Liberal Democrats, was unable to gain a sizable number of seats in the 2004 parliamentary election. The party later merged into Grand National Party.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection" http://www.kimhaekims.net/queen_huh_eng7.htm
  2. ^ "A Princess from Ayodhya" http://www.kimhaekims.net/story-a_princess_from_ayodhya.htm
  3. ^ "South Korea's Ayodhya connection" http://www.kimhaekims.net/queen_huh_eng7.htm
Preceded by
Baek Du-jin
Prime Minister of South Korea
1971–1975
Succeeded by
Choi Kyu-ha
Preceded by
Goh Kun
Prime Minister of South Korea
(Acting)

1998
Succeeded by
Kim Jong-pil
Preceded by
Kim Jong-pil
(Acting)
Prime Minister of South Korea
1998–2000
Succeeded by
Park Tae-Joon