Kim Kyong-hui

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Kim Kyong-hui
Born (1946-05-30) 30 May 1946 (age 68)
Pyongyang, North Korea
Alma mater Kim Il-sung University
Moscow State University
Occupation Secretary for Organization of the Workers' Party of Korea; Korean People's Army general
Political party
Workers' Party of Korea
Spouse(s) Jang Sung-taek (1972-2013; his death); 1 child
Children Jang Kum-song (1977–2006; deceased)
Relatives Kim Jong-un (nephew)
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl 김경희
Hancha 金敬姬
Revised Romanization Gim Gyeonghui
McCune–Reischauer Kim Kyŏnghŭi

General Kim Kyong-hui (born 30 May 1946) is the daughter of North Korean leader Kim Il-sung and his first wife Kim Jong-suk, and the sister of North Korean leader Kim Jong-il. She currently serves as Secretary for Organization of the Workers' Party of Korea. An important member of Kim Jong-il's inner circle of trusted friends and advisors,[1] she was director of the WPK Light Industry Department from 1988 to 2012.[2] Her husband was Jang Sung-taek, who was executed in December 2013 in Pyongyang, after being charged with treason and corruption.[3] As of January 2014, she had not been seen in public since September 2013, and there is speculation that she may be dead.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Kim Kyong-hui was born in Pyongyang on 30 May 1946, the youngest child of Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-suk. Her birth mother died when she was four. After her father remarried, she was raised by various surrogates away from the family.[5]

After a brief period spent in Jilin Province, China due to the Korean War, she returned to Pyongyang with her brother, Kim Jong-il. She entered Kim Il-sung University in 1963, studying political economy, where she met her future husband. The couple continued dating[clarification needed] after he relocated to Wonsan, allegedly because the Kim family opposed their relationship.[6] The two eventually married in 1972. She attended the Kim Il-sung Higher Party School in 1966, and went to study at Moscow State University in 1968.[citation needed]

Career[edit]

Kim Kyong-hui's political career began in 1971 with a position in the Korean Democratic Women's Union, and in 1975 she was transferred to the post of vice-director of the International Liaison Department of the Workers' Party of Korea, promoted to first vice-director in 1976. It was the period when North Korea was establishing diplomatic relations with a number of capitalist countries, like Thailand and Singapore, as well as the United Nations. She oversaw the placement of qualified diplomatic personnel during her tenure as International Department vice-director.[6]

In 1988, she was promoted to WPK Central Committee member and director of the Light Industry Department. In 1990, she was elected deputy to the Supreme People's Assembly for the first time. Her role was particularly significant as she led the Economic Policy Inspection Department, then again the Light Industry Department during the "Arduous March" period after Kim Il-sung's death.[citation needed]

Kim Kyong-hui disappeared from the limelight in 2003, in the same period when Jang Sung-taek was apparently purged as well.[6] However, while her husband resurfaced with a high-level position in 2007, she did not appear in public until 2009, playing a more and more prominent role, accompanying Kim Jong-il to several inspection tours and attending official events. On 27 September 2010, it was announced that she was made a general in the Korean People's Army.[7] This coincided with her nephew Kim Jong-un's promotion to the same rank. A day later, the 3rd Conference of the Workers’ Party elected her as a member of the Political Bureau, which is the central organization of the party. Kim Kyong-hui later continued to pose as a prominent member of the North Korean leadership under her Kim Jong-un. She was elected member of the WPK Secretariat and a leading figure of the WPK Organization and Guidance Department (the foremost party department led by her uncle Kim Yong-ju until 1974, and by Kim Jong-il himself from 1974 till his death) at the 4th Party Conference in April 2012.[citation needed]

According to South Korean sources, she also worked as Kim Jong-il's personal aide.[8] Her influential position in North Korean echelons (also confirmed by Kenji Fujimoto) allowed her to maintain close relations with president Kim Yong-nam of the SPA Presidium, WPK Secretaries Choe Thae-bok and Kim Ki Nam, and Director Kim Yang-gon of the WPK United Front Department.[6] Her post as head of the Light Industry Department gave her a prominent role in shaping North Korean economic policy as it was shifting its focus on developing light industry.[9]

In 2010, a hamburger restaurant owned entirely by Kim Kyong-hui opened in Pyongyang. As hamburgers are considered American food, the restaurant does not market them as "hamburgers" or "burgers", instead calling them "minced meat and bread". It is the first hamburger franchise in Pyongyang.[10]

According to a report by the Daily NK in August 2012, she suffers from ill health due to alcoholism.[11] On 15 December 2013 she was named to the Kim Kuk-tae funeral committee,[12] emerging apparently unscathed by her former husband's execution.[13] She nonetheless had yet to reappear in public as of early 2014, and her absence from anniversary events in North Korea led to speculation regarding her political status and medical condition.[14][15] and reports have emerged suggesting that she was dead, either through heart attack or suicide.[16] As of 2014, she is reported to be living in Poland following Jang's execution.[17][18]

Personal life[edit]

Kim and Jang had a daughter, Jang Kum-song (1977–2006), who lived overseas in Paris as an international student; she refused an order to return to Pyongyang and then committed suicide in September 2006, reportedly due to her parents' opposition to her relationship with her boyfriend.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mansourov (2004), p. IV-17
  2. ^ Baird (2003), p. 114
  3. ^ "North Korean leader's uncle 'executed over corruption'". BBC. 12 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  4. ^ Julian Ryall (2014-01-07). "Wife of Kim Jong-un's purged uncle is dead: reports". Sydney Morning Herald. 
  5. ^ Koike, Yuriko. (2010) "A ruthless sister risks becoming North Korea's next ruler". The Daily Star; retrieved 19 September 2010.
  6. ^ a b c d "Kim Kyong Hui". North Korea Leadership Watch. 
  7. ^ McDonald, Mark (27 September 2010). "Kim's Son Elevated Before Meeting". The New York Times. 
  8. ^ Chosun Ilbo, dated 11 February 2010.
  9. ^ 2010, 2011 New Year editorials by Rodong Sinmun, Joson Inmingun, and Chongnyon Jonwi.
  10. ^ "Happy Meals in Pyongyang?". Radio Free Asia. 15 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "Alcohol A Threat To Kim Guardianship Role", Daily NK, 24 August 2012.
  12. ^ "North Korean execution 'will not alter trade goals'". BBC News. 15 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "North Korean leader's influential aunt remains in power after uncle Jang's execution". Reuters. 15 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "S. Korea says N. Korean leader's aunt likely in critical condition", Yonhap; 8 January 2014
  15. ^ Speculation re Kim Kyong-hui, koreajoongangdaily; accessed 9 January 2014.
  16. ^ Julian Ryall (2014-01-07). "Wife of Kim Jong-un's purged uncle is dead: reports". Sydney Morning Herald. 
  17. ^ http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2014/01/116_150780.html
  18. ^ http://www.koreaherald.com/view.php?ud=20140130000081
  19. ^ Yi, Yeong-jong (18 September 2006). "파리의 김정일 조카 장금송 비운의 러브스토리 (Unlucky love story of Kim Jong-il's niece in Paris)" (in Korean). JoongAng Ilbo. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 30 May 2007. 

Bibliography[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Kim Jong-il
Head of the Organisation and Guidance Department
2012–present
Incumbent