Kimba, South Australia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
South Australia
Big Galah Kimba.jpg
Big Galah
Kimba is located in South Australia
Coordinates 33°08′0″S 136°25′0″E / 33.13333°S 136.41667°E / -33.13333; 136.41667Coordinates: 33°08′0″S 136°25′0″E / 33.13333°S 136.41667°E / -33.13333; 136.41667
Population 636 (2006 census)[citation needed]
Established 1915
Postcode(s) 5641
Elevation 263 m (863 ft)
Location 78 km (48 mi) from Cowell
LGA(s) District Council of Kimba
State electorate(s) Flinders
Federal Division(s) Grey
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
23.5 °C
74 °F
10.2 °C
50 °F
339.2 mm
13.4 in

Kimba is a rural service town on the Eyre Highway at the top of Eyre Peninsula in South Australia. At the 2006 census, Kimba had a population of 636 and it has an annual rainfall of 339 mm. There is 7 metre tall statue of a big galah beside the highway marking halfway between the east and west coasts of Australia. The Gawler Ranges are north of the highway near the town.

Kimba is in the District Council of Kimba, the South Australian Legislative Assembly electoral district of Flinders and the Australian House of Representatives Division of Grey.

The word "Kimba" is derived from the local Aboriginal word for "bushfire", and the District Council of Kimba's emblem reflects this in the form of a burning bush.

Early history[edit]

The first European in the area was explorer Edward John Eyre, who passed through the area on his passage from Streaky Bay to the head of Spencer Gulf in late 1839.

The area was first settled in the 1870s by lease-holding pastoralists who moved north up the Eyre Peninsula during the 1870s and 1880s. They lightly stocked the land and relied on the limited water supplies and intermittent open grass lands to raise their stock. It was more intensively settled for wheat farming from 1908, when overseas demand for wheat increased in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The large tracts of mallee scrub began to be cleared to facilitate this, and soon regular mail services were established from the port at Cowell. Bags of wheat had to be loaded onto bullock drays which carried the produce to Cowell 76 km south.

In 1913, Kimba was connected by narrow gauge railway to Port Lincoln. This development encouraged a number of new wheat farmers to move into the area. Two years later the township of Kimba was officially proclaimed and service industries began to move into the district.

Education within the town is Kimba Area School where around 170 students from reception to year 12 attend