Kimball, South Dakota
|Kimball, South Dakota|
Location in Brule County and the state of South Dakota
|• Total||3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)|
|• Land||3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,788 ft (545 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||707|
|• Density||227.5/sq mi (87.8/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1265268|
Kimball was first known as Stake 48 on the Chicago, Milwaukee and St. Paul Railroad line going west out of Mitchell, South Dakota. In 1880, the first homestead claims were made in the vicinity of Stake 48. Kimball was organized as a village in the spring of 1883. It was named for J.W. Kimball, a surveyor.
The 1895 Holy Trinity Church is on the National Register of Historic Places.
As of the census of 2010, there were 703 people, 310 households, and 189 families residing in the city. The population density was 227.5 inhabitants per square mile (87.8/km2). There were 369 housing units at an average density of 119.4 per square mile (46.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.0% White, 0.3% African American, 3.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 310 households of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.5% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.8% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.0% were non-families. 35.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.
The median age in the city was 43 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.7% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.2% male and 51.8% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 745 people, 314 households, and 194 families residing in the city. The population density was 240.7 people per square mile (92.8/km²). There were 351 housing units at an average density of 113.4 per square mile (43.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 99.33% White, 0.54% Native American, and 0.13% from two or more races.
There were 314 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.2% were married couples living together, 6.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.9% were non-families. 35.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 3.11.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 23.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males.
As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $32,167, and the median income for a family was $37,813. Males had a median income of $27,727 versus $16,544 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,398. About 5.9% of families and 10.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over.
Alton Oschner - Dr. Oschner was born in Kimball and graduated from Kimball High School. He was "a world renowned surgeon and founder of the Oschner Clinic and Hospital in New Orleans. He is credited with convincing the medical world of the connection between cigarette smoking and lung cancer and heart disease. A cartoonist  used his crusade as a subject for one of his drawings."
- "SD Towns" (PDF). South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-21.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Re-echoing the Past, Elsie Petula, 2000, pg 1
- "Profile for Kimball, South Dakota". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Doonesbury,G.B.Trudeau,Universal Press Syndicate,February 14, 1993
- Re-echoing the Past, Elsie Petula, 2000, pgs 12-13