Kimbolton, Cambridgeshire

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Coordinates: 52°18′N 0°23′W / 52.3°N 0.38°W / 52.3; -0.38

Kimbolton
Kimbolton - geograph.org.uk - 900226.jpg
Kimbolton High Street
Kimbolton is located in Cambridgeshire
Kimbolton
Kimbolton
 Kimbolton shown within Cambridgeshire
Population 1,103 (2011 Census)
OS grid reference TL102681
Civil parish Kimbolton and Stonely
District Huntingdonshire
Shire county Cambridgeshire
Region East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Cambridgeshire
Fire Cambridgeshire
Ambulance East of England
EU Parliament East of England
List of places
UK
England
Cambridgeshire

Kimbolton is a large village in the Huntingdonshire district of Cambridgeshire, England. It is approximately 7 miles (11 km) east of Higham Ferrers, 7 miles (11 km) west of St Neots and 24 miles (39 km) west of Cambridge, 14 miles (23 km) north of Bedford and 31 miles (50 km) south of Peterborough and also includes the hamlet of Stonely.

Castle[edit]

The centre of the village is Kimbolton Castle which now forms the main building of Kimbolton School (an independent day and boarding school), but its predecessor on the same site was once home and prison to Katherine of Aragon after her divorce from Henry VIII. Katherine died at Kimbolton Castle in 1536 and was transported from there to Peterborough Cathedral to be buried.[1]

History[edit]

Kimbolton, and the lands of its soke, comprised the only estate of King Harold in Huntingdonshire. It is believed that Harold had a hunting lodge nearby. Kimbolton and its church, St Andrew's, appear in the Domesday book, compiled in 1086.

The main road through Kimbolton bends through four tight right angles in quick succession. Originally, the road travelled directly through the outskirts of the village, nearer to the River Kym to the north.

The parish also includes the hamlet of Stonely, the site of a former Augustinian priory.[2]

Statute Fair[edit]

In 1200, a prominent local landowner, Geoffrey Fitz Peter, Earl of Essex and Chief Justice to King John, who constructed the first castle on the present site, received a Royal charter to hold a market and fair in Kimbolton. There is still a fair every September, known as the "Statute Fair" - referred to affectionately by locals as the "Statty". Continuation of this fair (despite the chaos which formerly ensued when this meant partial closure of a trunk road) and a plaque marking the site of the market cross are claimed by some as evidence that Kimbolton is a town and still has a right to hold a weekly market. The main road was diverted to its present course to take it through the market place and increase toll revenue. 800 years later, as a result of numerous vehicles striking walls and houses near the sharp bends, car transporters are not allowed in the village.

Kimbolton fire station

Facilities[edit]

Kimbolton is known locally for its facilities, including High Street shopping, two public houses, a Budgens outlet (formerly Robinsons fuel station), fire station and the Mandeville Hall.

Kimbolton Airfield[edit]

In World War II, the USAF 379th Bombardment Group was stationed at the nearby Kimbolton Airfield from May 1943 to June 1945.

Kimbolton Fireworks[edit]

Kimbolton Fireworks, a well-known manufacturer of fireworks and organiser of public fireworks displays, is based in Kimbolton.[3] It grew from the extracurricular activities of Kimbolton School chaplain and chemistry master, Rev Ron Lancaster, sometimes dubbed the "master blaster pastor."

References[edit]

External links[edit]