Kimrsky District

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Kimrsky District
Кимрский район (Russian)
Tver-oblast-Kimry.png
Location of Kimrsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 56°52′N 37°21′E / 56.867°N 37.350°E / 56.867; 37.350Coordinates: 56°52′N 37°21′E / 56.867°N 37.350°E / 56.867; 37.350
Flag of Kimrsky rayon (Tver oblast).png
Flag
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Tver Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of 2012)
Administrative center town of Kimry[1]
Administrative divisions:[citation needed]
rural settlement 13
Inhabited localities:[citation needed]
Urban-type settlements 1
Rural localities 417
Municipal structure (as of July 2007)
Municipally incorporated as Kimrsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[3]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 13
Statistics
Area 2,514 km2 (971 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 13,190 inhabitants[5]
- Urban 18.4%
- Rural 81.6%
Density 5.25/km2 (13.6/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
Kimrsky District on WikiCommons

Kimrsky District (Russian: Ки́мрский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the oblast and borders with Kalyazinsky District in the northeast, Taldomsky District of Moscow Oblast and the town of Dubna, also of Moscow Obast, in the south, Konakovsky District in the southwest, Kalininsky District in the west, and with Rameshkovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 2,514 square kilometers (971 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the town of Kimry[1] (which is not administratively a part of the district).[8] Population: 13,190 (2010 Census);[5] 15,604 (2002 Census);[9] 18,439 (1989 Census).[10]

Geography[edit]

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Volga. The Volga, built as the Uglich Reservoir, crosses the district from the southwest to the northeast, separating it into two unequal parts. The rivers in the northern, bigger part of the district drains into the Volga directly or to the Medveditsa River, a major left tributary of the Volga. The lower course of the Medveditsa lies within the district. The main tributaries of the Medveditsa in the district are the Rudomosh River, the Bolshaya Puditsa River, and the Malaya Puditsa River (all from the right). The two main right tributaries of the Volga within the district are the Khotcha River and the Dubna River, which makes a stretch of a border of a district with Moscow Region.

History[edit]

In the 18th century, the area was included into Moscow Governorate. In 1775 it was transferred to newly established Tver Viceroyalty, where it was split between Korchevskoy (established in 1781) and Kalyazinsky Uyezds. In 1796, the Viceroyalty was abolished and transformed into Tver Governorate.[11] On December 30, 1918 Kimrsky Uyezd with the center in Kimry was established on the lands which previously belonged to Korchevskoy and Kalyazinsky Uyezds. On May 30, 1922 Korchevskoy Uyezd was abolished and merged into Kimrsky Uyezd. On October 3, 1927 Kashinsky Uyezd was abolished and split between Kimrsky and Bezhetsky Uyezds.[12]

On July 12, 1929, Tver Governorate was abolished, and the area was transferred to Moscow Oblast.[12] Uyezds were abolished as well, and Kimrsky District, with the administrative center in Kimry, was established within Kimry Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Kimrsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast. On February 13, 1963, during the abortive Khrushchyov administrative reform, Kalyazinsky District was merged into Kimrsky District, but on March  4, 1964 it was re-established.[12] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

In 1951, the selo of Bely Gorodok was granted urban-settlement status.[13] In July 1956, the urban-type settlement of Dubna, which belonged to Kimrsky District, was granted the town status. In September 1956, Dubna was transferred to Moscow Oblast.[12]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kimrsky District is one of the thirty-six in the oblast.[1] The town of Kimry serves as its administrative center, despite being incorporated separately as an okrug—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[8]

As a municipal division, the district is incorporated as Kimrsky Municipal District.[3] Kimry Okrug is incorporated separately from the district as Kimry Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There is a shipyard in the settlement of Bely Gorodok. There are also enterprises in the district engaged in peat and timber production.[14]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specialization of the district is cattle breeding with meat and milk production.[14]

Transportation[edit]

A railway connecting Moscow with Kashin and further with Sonkovo and Saint-Petersburg crosses the eastern part of the district. There is a regular suburban passenger traffic between Moscow and Savyolovo, and a regular infrequent traffic between Savyolovo and Kashin.

Paved roads connect Kimry with Tver, Taldom, Kashin, and Kalyazin. All of them cross the district. There are also local roads, with bus traffic originating from Kimry.

The Volga is navigable, but there is no passenger navigation.

Culture and recreation[edit]

A sphere of unknown origin close to the village of Ignatovo.

The district contains eight cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally thirty-six objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include the Resurrection Church in the village of Stoyantsy, the Saint Nicholas Church in the village of Nikolo-Neveryevo, as well as a number of archeological sites.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 228», в ред. изменения №243/2014 от 18 апреля 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 28 228, as amended by the Amendment #243/2014 of April 18, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #4-ZO
  3. ^ a b Law #30-ZO
  4. ^ a b Паспорт Кимрского района Тверской области (in Russian). Government of Tver Oblast. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ a b Law #34-ZO
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  11. ^ Российская империя: административно-территориальное деление (1708–1917): Тверская губерния (in Russian). Russian National Library. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  12. ^ a b c d Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 11 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Коркунов, В. (1975). Белый Городок/Верхняя Волга в прошлом и настоящем (in Russian). Роман Иванюшкин. Retrieved 7 August 2014. 
  14. ^ a b Предприятия (in Russian). Kimrsky District Administration. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 14, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №34-ЗО от 17 апреля 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области», в ред. Закона №66-ЗО от 1 октября 2014 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 18 Закона Тверской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Тверской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №17 (специальный выпуск), 19 апреля 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #34-ZO of April 17, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast, as amended by the Law #66-ZO of October 1, 2014 On Amending Article 18 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tver Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №30-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Кимрский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №74-ЗО от 17 июля 2007 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Кимрский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #30-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Kimrsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #74-ZO of July 17, 2007 On Amending the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Kimrsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban and Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).