Kinako

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Japanese dango sweets covered in kinako soybean flour

Kinako (黄粉 or きなこ?), also known as roasted soybean flour,[1] is a product commonly used in Japanese cuisine. In English, it is usually called "roasted soy flour." More precisely it is "roasted whole soy flour."[2][3] Usage of the word kinako appeared cookbooks from the late Muromachi period (1336 – 1573).[4] Kinako means "Yellow flour" in Japanese.

Production[edit]

Kinako is produced by finely grinding roasted soybeans into powder.[4][5] The skin of the soybean is typically removed before pulverizing the beans, but some varieties of kinako retain the roasted skin.[5] Yellow soybeans produce a yellow kinako, and green soybeans produce a light-green product.[5] Kinako, being composed of soybeans, is a healthy topping and flavoring which contains B vitamins and protein.[5] Compared to boiled soybeans, however, the protein in kinako is not easily digested.[5]

Usage[edit]

Kinako is widely used in Japanese cooking, but is strongly associated with dumplings dango and Japanese confections wagashi. Dango, a Japanese dumpling made from mochiko (rice flour), are commonly coated with kinako.[4] Examples include ohagi and Abekawa-mochi. Kinako, when combined with milk or soy milk, can also be made into a drink. One example of its use in popular foods is warabimochi, which is a famous kinako-covered sweet.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Kinako" [Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary]. Puroguresshibu Waei Chūjiten [プログレッシブ和英中辞典]. Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ Shurtleff, William; Aoyagi, Akiko. 1975. The Book of Tofu: Food for Mankind. Hayama-shi, Kanagawa-ken, Japan: Autumn Press. 336 p. See p. 64-66.
  3. ^ Shurtleff, W.; Aoyagi, A. 2012. History of Roasted Whole Soy Flour (Kinako), Soy Coffee, and Soy Chocolate (1540-2012). Lafayette, California: Soyinfo Center. 709 pp. (1,420 references; 76 photos and illustrations. Free online)
  4. ^ a b c "Kinako". Nihon Kokugo Daijiten (日本国語大辞典) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  5. ^ a b c d e "Kinako". Nihon Daihyakka Zensho (Nipponika) (in Japanese). Tokyo: Shogakukan. 2012. Retrieved 2012-05-26. 

External links[edit]

  • [1] History of Roasted Whole Soy Flour (Kinako), Soy Coffee, and Soy Chocolate (2012)