Kincardineshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kincardineshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Kincardineshire
17081918
Number of members One
Replaced by Kincardine & Western Aberdeenshire
Created from Kincardineshire

Kincardineshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Great Britain from 1708 to 1801 and of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1918. It was represented by one Member of Parliament (MP).

The first election to a Parliament of Great Britain was in 1708. In 1707-08 members of the 1702-1707 Parliament of Scotland were co-opted to serve in the 1st Parliament of Great Britain. See Scottish representatives to the 1st Parliament of Great Britain, for further details.

The constituency represented the county of Kincardineshre.

In 1918 the area was combined with part of Western Aberdeenshire to form the Kincardine and Western Aberdeenshire constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

Kincardineshire was a Scottish shire (later known as a county), which had previously been represented by two commissioners in the former Parliament of Scotland. The constituency included the whole shire, except for the Royal burgh of Inverbervie which formed part of the Aberdeen Burghs constituency.

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1708)
Year Member Party
1708 Sir David Ramsay, Bt
1710 Sir Alexander Ramsay, Bt
1713 James Scott
1734 John Falconer
1741 Sir James Carnegie, Bt
1765 Sir Alexander Ramsay-Irvine, 6th Bt
1768 Robert Rickart Hepburn
1774 Lord Adam Gordon
1788 Robert Barclay Allardice
1797 Sir John Wishart Belches
1806 William Adam
1812 George Harley Drummond
1820 Sir Alexander Ramsay, Bt
1826 Sir Hugh Arbuthnot
1865 James Dyce Nicol
1872 Sir George Balfour Liberal
1892 John William Crombie Liberal
1908 Arthur Cecil Murray Liberal
  • Constituency abolished (1918)

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Kincardineshire[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George Balfour 3,160 71.4
Conservative David Scott Porteous 1,267 28.6
Majority 1,893 42.8
Turnout 79.3
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Kincardineshire[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George Balfour unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

John Crombie
General Election 1892: Kincardineshire[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Crombie 2,444 64.0 n/a
Independent Liberal
  • Johnston Stephen
1,376 36.0 n/a
Majority 1,068 28.0 n/a
Turnout 66.8 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • some sources describe him as a Liberal Unionist
General Election 1895: Kincardineshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Crombie 2,603 56.1
Conservative Hon. Charles John Robert Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis 2,040 43.9
Majority 563 12.2
Turnout 78.7
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Kincardineshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Crombie 3,092 66.8
Conservative James Mowat 1,536 33.2
Majority 1,556 33.6
Turnout 72.2 -6.5
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Kincardineshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John William Crombie 3,877 71.8
Conservative Sydney James Gammell 1,524 28.2
Majority 2,353 43.6
Turnout 76.4
Liberal hold Swing
Arthur Murray
Kincardineshire by-election, 1908[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Murray 3,661 65.1 -6.7
Conservative Sydney James Gammell 1,963 34.9 +6.7
Majority 1,698 30.2 -13.4
Turnout 79.0 +2.6
Liberal hold Swing -6.7

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Kincardineshire[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Murray 3,926 67.5 +2.4
Conservative Robert Barclay Pearson 1,891 32.5 -2.4
Majority 2,035 35.0 +4.8
Turnout 81.0
Liberal hold Swing +2.4
General Election December 1910: Kincardineshire[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Arthur Cecil Murray unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and Judicial Bench, 1889
  3. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1893
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack 1907
  7. ^ The Times House of Commons 1910; Politico's Publishing 2004 p100
  8. ^ The Times House of Commons 1910; Politico's Publishing 2004 p100
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ The Times House of Commons, 1911; Politico's Publishing 2004, p110