Kineshma

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Kineshma (English)
Кинешма (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Troicko uspenskii sobor kineshma.JPG
View of Kineshma from the Volga
Map of Russia - Ivanovo Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Ivanovo Oblast in Russia
Kineshma is located in Ivanovo Oblast
Kineshma
Kineshma
Location of Kineshma in Ivanovo Oblast
Coordinates: 57°26′N 42°08′E / 57.433°N 42.133°E / 57.433; 42.133Coordinates: 57°26′N 42°08′E / 57.433°N 42.133°E / 57.433; 42.133
Gerb kineshma ivanovskaya oblast.jpg
Flag of Kineshma (Ivanovo oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of October 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Ivanovo Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Kineshma[2]
Administrative center of Kineshemsky District,[1] Town of Kineshma 
Municipal status (as of January 2005)
Urban okrug Kineshma Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Kineshma Urban Okrug,[3] Kineshemsky Municipal District[3]
Statistics
Area 49 km2 (19 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 88,164 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 191st
Density 1,799 /km2 (4,660 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
First mentioned 1429[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 155800 - 155819
Dialing code(s) +7 49331[citation needed]
Official website
Kineshma on WikiCommons

Kineshma (Russian: Кинешма) is the second largest town in Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, which sprawls for 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) along the Volga River. Population: 88,164 (2010 Census);[4] 95,233 (2002 Census);[8] 105,037 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

Kineshma was first noticed as a posad in 1429.[citation needed] In 1504, Ivan III gave it to Prince Feodor Belsky, who escaped to Moscow from Lithuania and married Ivan's niece. Later on, Ivan the Terrible gave Kineshma to Ivan Petrovich Shuisky, but after the latter's death it was returned to the Tsar in 1587. In the 16th and 17th centuries, Kineshma was a major fishing center, which supplied sturgeon for the Tsar's table. In 1608, it was twice ravaged by the Poles. Throughout its history, Kineshma belonged to different Russian regions, including Archangelgorod Governorate, Yaroslavl Province of Saint Petersburg Governorate, and Moscow Governorate.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kineshma serves as the administrative center of Kineshemsky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[2] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the Town of Kineshma—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the Town of Kineshma is incorporated as Kineshma Urban Okrug.[3]

Economy[edit]

Since the 18th century, the town's main industry has been textile manufacturing. Like all the textile centers in Russia, the town's prosperity declined after the perestroika.

Architecture[edit]

Kineshma's principal landmark is the Trinity Cathedral, built in 1838–1845 to a typical Neoclassical design. There are also several 18th-century churches in the town. The neighborhoods of Kineshma contain estates and museums of Alexander Ostrovsky, Alexander Borodin, and Fyodor Bredikhin.

In 2010, Kineshma was granted status of a town of historical significance.

Religion[edit]

Kineshma before 1917

Currently there are eleven churches, nine of which are active, and three chapels.

Notable people[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Kineshma is twinned with:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Law #145-OZ
  2. ^ a b c Law #145-OZ stipulates that the borders of the administrative districts are identical to the borders of the municipal districts. The Law #42-OZ, which describes the borders and the composition of Kineshemsky District, does not list the town of Kineshma as a part of that district.
  3. ^ a b c d Law #124-OZ
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 

Sources[edit]

  • Ивановская областная Дума. Закон №145-ОЗ от 14 декабря 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ивановской области», в ред. Закона №91-ОЗ от 7 октября 2011 г «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Ивановской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ивановской области"». Вступил в силу через 10 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства Ивановской области", №50(519), 30 декабря 2010 г. (Ivanovo Oblast Duma. Law #145-OZ of December 14, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ivanovo Oblast, as amended by the Law #91-OZ of October 7, 2011 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Ivanovo Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ivanovo Oblast". Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Ивановской области. Закон №124-ОЗ от 29 сентября 2004 г. «О муниципальных районах и городских округах», в ред. Закона №7-ОЗ от 12 января 2005 г «О внесении изменений в Закон Ивановской области "О муниципальных районах и городских округах"». Вступил в силу 1 октября 2004 г. Опубликован: "Ивановская газета", №189 (3327), 1 октября 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Ivanovo Oblast. Law #124-OZ of September 29, 2004 On the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs, as amended by the Law #7-OZ of January 12, 2005 On Amending the Law of Ivanovo Oblast "On the Municipal Districts and Urban Okrugs". Effective as of October 1, 2004.).

External links[edit]