King's Lynn railway station
|The station building from the outside|
|Local authority||King's Lynn and West Norfolk|
|Managed by||First Capital Connect|
|Owned by||Network Rail|
|Number of platforms||3 (1 not in use)|
|Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|1846-1848||Dereham line opens|
|1862||Hunstanton line opens|
|1865||South Lynn station opens|
|1871||Current station built|
|1959||South Lynn station and M&GN closes|
|1968||Dereham branch closes, services to Wisbech end|
|1969||Hunstanton branch closes|
|1992||Line electrified at 25 kV AC overhead, station refurbished|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at King's Lynn from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
King's Lynn railway station serves the town of King's Lynn in Norfolk, England. The station is the terminus of the Fen Line from Cambridge, which is electrified at 25 kV AC overhead. It has been the only railway station in the town since the closure of South Lynn railway station in 1959.
The railway arrived in 1846, with the Ely and Lynn branch of the Great Eastern Railway. A spur connecting the harbour was opened in 1849, and at one point was a complicated network of lines, boasting two swing bridges, serving premises on and around the town's South Quay. Another short branch, about three-quarters of a mile long, connecting the docks was opened in 1862 by the King's Lynn Docks & Railway Company. The railway was initially not welcomed by the port authorities in King's Lynn; they predicted that sea-bound trade would decline, and were later proved correct when through-trains to London ended up carrying the majority of freight to the capital.
Expansion followed with the opening of several branches. The Lynn & Dereham Railway, which weaved a 26-mile (42 km) route to East Dereham via Narborough and Swaffham, was given the Royal Assent in 1845, opening in stages between 1846 and 1848; this later became part of the Great Eastern Railway. A line running north to the seaside resort of Hunstanton was opened in 1862, a journey celebrated by former Poet Laureate John Betjeman in a short BBC film about the line.
The Hunstanton line included Wolferton station, which served the Royal Family's Sandringham House, and so became the route of hundreds of Royal Trains. Since Royal services to London had to first pass through King's Lynn before heading south to King's Cross, crowds on King's Lynn station cheering the Royal Train became one of the town's cherished and memorable traditions.
King's Lynn also received services from the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway system, whose main station serving the town was in nearby South Lynn; a short shuttle service ran from King's Lynn to South Lynn as often as twenty times a day. The station opened in 1886, serving Sutton Bridge and Spalding to the west. Prior to the opening of South Lynn station, there had been a simple single platform station serving West Lynn, on the west bank of the River Ouse. An early constituent of the M&GN, the Lynn & Fakenham Railway, had used King's Lynn station, but ran into it from the north, via Gaywood Junction. This line was abandoned on the opening of the station at South Lynn. The "Lynn Avoiding" line was the last link in the chain which brought the eastern lines, which had reached Norwich in 1882, and Cromer in 1887, in direct contact with the lines west of Lynn.
King's Lynn's original station building was replaced by the current building in 1871, and has remained largely unchanged since; the original was a somewhat rudimentary timber building on the site of the goods yards of the time.
At their peak, the railways in and around King's Lynn employed hundreds of people, but Britain's extensive railway cutbacks in the late 1950s and the following decades badly affected King's Lynn's railway services. The 1959 closure of the former M&GN's lines resulted in the closure of South Lynn railway station on 28 February that year, depriving King's Lynn of services to Norwich and Spalding. The dubious safety of a bridge over the Ouse, a very short way north-west of South Lynn station, was allegedly a significant factor in the closure of the whole route, and was demolished later that year. A section of this line about half a mile long was left open for freight into the 1990s, transporting materials like oil and limestone to the sugar beet factory (since closed).
Other services suffered a similar fate in the following years. Passenger services to Hunstanton were discontinued in 1969, services to Wisbech (via Magdalen Road) ended in 1968, and the line to Dereham was closed in the same year, save for a three-mile section for sand freight from King's Lynn to Middleton. The closure of these services left only one passenger route in operation—services to Ely and Cambridge on the Fen Line.
Freight services to King's Lynn were less swiftly, but even more extensively, affected by cutbacks. Campbell's made heavy use of rail transport after opening its factory in Lynn in 1959, its curtain-sided wagons being one of the more distinctive sights on the Fen Line; but with the withdrawal of Speedlink services in the early 1990s, this traffic was lost to road transport. The branch to the harbour was progressively shortened before its final closure at around the same time, and the line to the docks closed as well (except for a short stub allowing the aforementioned freight trains from Middleton to change direction), the last train passing over the line in June 1994. The station's once-extensive goods yard suffered the same fate, the site being taken over by the station's car park and two large shops.
To the present
Before electrification in 1992, InterCity (latterly Network SouthEast) locomotives operated most services, normally pulling British Rail Mark 2b coaches. Many of these services featured full-service restaurant cars. The locomotives were usually Class 37 diesel-electrics, sometimes 47s. Freight services were operated by a similar array of diesel locomotives, as well as Class 20s, Class 31s, and the occasional Class 08 shunter. Off-peak links were often provided by Metro-Cammell diesel multiple units, such as the Class 101.
For many years after electrification, and the consequent removal of diesel locomotives from passenger services, Class 317 electrical multiple units monopolised services out of King's Lynn; while they were not as comfortable as the previous fleet of locomotive-hauled coaches, they quickly developed a reputation for reliability. Today's services are, for the most part, served by former-British Rail Class 365s, although Class 317s remain in use on the small number of Monday-Friday peak-hour services operated by Greater Anglia between King's Lynn and London Liverpool Street.
The few freight trains that visit King's Lynn today—sand trains from the Middleton Towers branch—are usually hauled by Class 66 locomotives, operated by DB Schenker. Occasionally, enthusiast railtours operate on this branch as well.
The station is primarily served by First Capital Connect as part of their service from London King's Cross to King's Lynn. Outside peak hours services run non-stop between London and Cambridge as part of a half-hourly Cambridge service; one train per hour then continues beyond Cambridge, stopping at all stations on the Fen Line to King's Lynn. A small number of services, operated by Greater Anglia during rush hours, travel to Liverpool Street instead; in the past, through-trains from London always started from Liverpool Street, but services were shifted to King's Cross in the 1990s.
On 9 November 2010, the Railway Cafe celebrated 100 years of being open.
Ticket barriers started being installed in February 2012, and were ready for use on 10 April 2012.
It was originally intended that when the Thameslink Programme is completed, King's Lynn would join the Thameslink network of cross-London services. This would have meant that most trains for London from King's Lynn would have no longer terminated at King's Cross but instead they would be diverted onto the Thameslink route and on to St Pancras, Farringdon, and various destinations thereafter. The Thameslink programme is now expected to be finished in 2018 but it currently seems unlikely that Thameslink trains will go beyond Cambridge.
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Watlington||First Capital Connect
King's Cross-Cambridge-King's Lynn
Liverpool Street - Cambridge - King's Lynn
(peak hours only)
Line open, station closed
|Great Eastern Railway
Lynn and Ely Railway
|Terminus||Great Eastern Railway
Lynn and Dereham Railway
Line and station closed
|Terminus||Midland and Great Northern
Connection to M&GN Main Line
Line and station closed
|Terminus||Great Eastern Railway
Line and station closed
- Oppitz, Leslie (2002). Lost Railways of East Anglia. Countryside Books. p. 15. ISBN 1-85306-595-1.
- Adderson, Richard; Kenworthy, Graham (2002). Ely to Kings Lynn, including the Stoke Ferry Branch. ISBN 1-901706-53-2.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, map XXVI, and preface to ch. 4.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, preface to ch. 4.
- "William Burkitt's Life and Career". The Colonel Stephens Railway Museum. Archived from the original on 2007-04-25. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- Oppitz 2002, p. 15.
- Tuck, Henry (1847). The Railway Shareholder's Manual; or, Practical Guide to all the Railways in the World. Effingham Wilson. p. 130.
- Oppitz 2002, p. 17.
- "Royal Insight Mailbox". Insight Magazine. January 2005. Retrieved 2007-09-02. "[Wolferton Station's] origins go back to the opening of the Kings Lynn to Hunstanton branch railway line in 1862[.]"
- Betjeman, John (Narrator); Freegard, Malcolm (Producer) (1962). John Betjeman Goes By Train. British Transport Films/BBC TV East Anglia.
- According to Insight (2005), 645 in just 27 years.
- Not, as was the norm for passenger services at the time, Liverpool Street; the reigning monarch is not permitted to enter the City of London, in whose boundaries Liverpool Street station lies, without the permission of the Lord Mayor.
- Wilson, Anne (1986-06-29). "NEW TONE FOR AN OLD PORT". The New York Times.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slide 106.
- Oppitz 2002, pp. 26-28.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, notes to map XXVIII and slide 114.
- "King's Lynn celebrates its century". The ASLEF Journal: p. 15. March 2007.
- "DETONATORS CRACKLE KNELL OF M&GN". Lynn News & Advertiser. 1959-03-03. p. 1. "[A] crackle of detonators greeted [the final train's] crossing of the Clenchwarton bridge—the bridge whose safety and expensive replacement has been a strong point in the British Transport Commission's unflinching determination to close the “Joint”."
- Ordnance Survey (1974). North West Norfolk (Sheet 132) (Map). 1:50000. Section 6117 to 6218.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slide 107.
- Oppitz 2002, pp. 14-15.
- Oppitz 2002, p. 19.
- To be precise, 2.9 miles (4.7 km). See Griffiths, Tim (Office of Rail Regulation). "Consultation on Caps for Freight Track Access Charges December 2006" (PDF). p. 54.
- Oppitz 2002, p. 18.
- Norfolk County Council. "Norfolk Heritage Explorer Record 13600 (Lynn and Dereham Railway)". Norfolk Explorer. Retrieved 2007-09-04.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slide 91.
- Borough Council of King's Lynn and West Norfolk. "4. Conserving Environmental Resources". Written Statement. Retrieved 2007-09-05.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slide 90. See also:
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slides 79, 107. See also:
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slides 70, 80.
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slides 63, 92, 107. See also:
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slides 32, 80, 109. See also:
- Adderson & Kenworthy, slide 119.
- "Notable Workings - Saturday 21st October 2006". TheRailwayCentre.com. 2006-10-21. Retrieved 2007-09-06.
- "Thameslink Programme (Thameslink 2000)". alwaystouchout.com. Retrieved 2007-09-02.
- "Norfolk's Fen line - the next transport battle?". 2011-02-04. Retrieved 2011-02-21.
- The railway bridges of South Lynn, among other remnants, exploring disused railways around King's Lynn.
- All Saints' Church - South Lynn
- Media related to Railways in King's Lynn at Wikimedia Commons
- Train times and station information for King's Lynn railway station from National Rail