King & Wood Mallesons
|King & Wood Mallesons|
|No. of offices||30|
|No. of attorneys||2,700+ lawyers|
|Major practice areas||General practice|
|Key people||Wang Junfeng
(Global Managing Partner)
|Date founded||2012 (by merger)|
|Company type||Four partnerships
(Swiss Verein structure)
|Slogan||The Power of Together|
King & Wood Mallesons (KWM, simplified Chinese: 金杜律师事务所; traditional Chinese: 金杜律師事務所; pinyin: Jīndù Lǜshī Shīwùsuǒ) is a multinational law firm headquartered in Hong Kong, China, and a member of the Red Circle of leading Chinese law firms. KWM is the first and only global law firm based out of Asia and the largest law firm headquartered outside of the US or EU. In 2012-13, the firm's total global revenue was US$1 billion, the highest of any Red Circle firm, with revenue per lawyer of 453 000 USD (highest among the Red Circle) in China, and profit per equity partner of $1.08 million (the highest among the Big Six) in Australia, and £565,000 in the UK. It is the 6th largest firm in the world by number of lawyers and one of the top thirty by revenue. KWM was formed by the merger of King & Wood in China with Mallesons Stephen Jaques in Australia and SJ Berwin in Europe.
- 1 History
- 2 Offices
- 3 Main practice areas
- 4 Pro bono
- 5 Recognition
- 6 Notable cases and transactions
- 7 Alumni
- 8 References
- 9 External links
King & Wood Mallesons formed on 1 March 2012 as a combination of Chinese firm King & Wood PRC Lawyers and Australian firm Mallesons Stephen Jaques, following votes in November 2011. The firm uses a Swiss Verein structure, and has four financially independent partnerships: Australia; Europe and the Middle East; Hong Kong; Mainland China, Japan and the United States.
Mallesons Stephen Jaques
Mallesons Stephen Jaques was considered one of the Big Six law firms in Australia. The "Mallesons" part of the firm's name comes from one of the Melbourne founding partners - Alfred Brooks Malleson. Malleson was born at Richmond Hill, on the Surrey side of the Thames in 1831. As a 25-year-old London solicitor, Malleson borrowed £10 from his uncle to go to Melbourne, in 1856. Malleson was a leading practitioner. His obituary in The Argus in 1892 recorded that his expertise was especially "in company law and in the banking business. Several of the associated banks entrusted their legal affairs to the firm, as well as a large number of leading insurance and other companies, so that Mr Malleson had always as much as he could do". In 1858, the firm (then called "Muttlebury Malleson and Coster") handled the legal work to establish The National Bank of Australasia, which remains one of the firm's key clients as the present-day National Australia Bank.
The "Stephen" part of the firm's former name, Mallesons Stephen Jaques, comes from the Sydney founder - Montague Stephen. He was the second son of Sir Alfred Stephen who was Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of New South Wales from 1844 to 1873. Montague Stephen founded the Sydney practice in 1849. One of his earliest (1853) clients was the "Australian Mutual Provident Society". Today AMP Limited remains one of the firm's key clients. The "Jaques" part of the firm's name comes from a second "Alfred" - Alfred Jaques. He became a partner of the Sydney firm in 1878. In 1888 the firm's name changed to Stephen Jaques & Stephen - the name which continued until the 1980s.
In 1974, Stephen Jaques & Stephen merged with Davies Bailey & Cater of Canberra. This firm had been established in 1926 - predating the opening of the Federal Parliament in Canberra. Soon after, in 1976, the firm established its London office. In 1982, Stephen Jaques & Stephen merged with Stone James of Perth. The merged firm was called "Stephen Jaques Stone James". Stone James had been established in 1832 by a third "Alfred" - Alfred Stone, Western Australia's first solicitor. The merger reflected the growing importance of the vast mineral resources of Western Australia and its large offshore energy projects.
In 1987, Stephen Jaques Stone James merged with Mallesons. The firm subsequently adopted the name of "Mallesons Stephen Jaques". At the time of the merger, Stephen Jaques Stone James - one of the leading Sydney based firms - had 79 partners and 251 solicitors (a total of 330 lawyers) and Mallesons - one of the leading Melbourne based firms - had 37 partners and 83 solicitors (a total of 120 lawyers). The 1987 merger was driven by an assessment that Sydney, Australia's international business centre and largest city, and Melbourne, the traditional home to many of Australia’s major corporations and financial institutions, had become one legal market. This had happened as a result of advances in telecommunications and computer technologies. In addition, it was felt that the merger of the two firms - with their similar cultures and backgrounds, and with many shared clients - would give the firm the necessary depth of legal talent, and the level of technological and know-how support, to be able to assist key clients internationally, as well as in Australia. The merger enabled the firm to look after clients in Sydney, Melbourne, Perth and Canberra. In 1989, the firm opened an office in Brisbane.
Mallesons Stephen Jacques established its Hong Kong office in 1989, and Beijing office in 1993. The firm also established an alliance with Posman Kua Aisi Lawyers of Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea in 1995. In 2004 the firm strengthened its Beijing resources by taking on some lawyers and support staff from the former local office of Denton Wilde Sapte. Later that year Mallesons merged with the Hong Kong and Shanghai corporate boutique Kwok & Yih
King & Wood PRC Lawyers
King & Wood was among the first law firms established in the People’s Republic of China during the modern era. In 1993, King & Wood’s founding partners were still working with a state-sponsored organization, the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, when the central government permitted private ownership of law firms, allowing them to create the firm.
The name of the firm is an example of Western-oriented marketing by a Chinese firm. There is no "Mr King" or "Ms Wood" among the founders of the firm, the names having been chosen for their "ear appeal" among prospective Western clients. The corresponding portion of the Chinese name is 金杜 ("Jin Du"), which likewise do not refer to a specific "Mr Jin" or "Mr Du".
The firm’s clients included Citigroup, China Life, Wal-Mart, PetroChina, Bank of China, the Beijing Organizing Committee of the 2008 Summer Olympics. Prior to merging with Mallesons Stephen Jacques, King & Wood maintained an alliance with Australian law firm Gilbert + Tobin.
In 2013, King & Wood Mallesons and British-headquartered, "Silver Circle" law firm SJ Berwin announced that from 1 November 2013 SJ Berwin would merge with King & Wood Mallesons by joining the Swiss Verein as a fourth member.
SJ Berwin was founded by lawyer Stanley J. Berwin along with 15 lawyers in 1982. It was driven forward by Berwin until his death in 1988, after which he was succeeded by Christopher Haan. In 1992, leadership of the firm was handed over to David Harrel, who led the firm for 13 years. Harrel oversaw SJ Berwin's strategy of European expansion. The management of the firm passed to fund formation partner Jonathan Blake in 2005, who took on the senior partner role alongside existing managing partner Ralph Cohen. During 2009 the firm opened three new offices in Hong Kong, Dubai and Shanghai. In 2010 Ralph Cohen stood down as Managing Partner and was replaced by Rob Day, who took office in November 2010.
Post-merger, SJ Berwin changed its name to "King & Wood Mallesons", but traded for a transitional period as "King & Wood Mallesons SJ Berwin" in Europe and the Middle East.
Main practice areas
- Banking and finance
- Competition and antitrust law
- Mergers and acquisitions
- Employment law and industrial relations
- Energy, resources and projects
- Government and public law
- Insolvency and restructuring
- Intellectual property
- International trade and investment
- Investment management
- Litigation and dispute resolution
- Real estate, construction and environment
- Securities and capital markets
- Taxation, superannuation and pensions
- Telecommunications, media, entertainment and technology
King & Wood Mallesons provides pro bono legal assistance and representation on a number of matters each year and supports a number of other community initiatives. The firm has a dedicated human rights group and, in conjunction with the Ted Noffs Foundation, provides free legal advice for people aged from 14 to 25. In 2013, the firm was named Corporate Social Responsibility Firm of the year by the Australasian Legal Business Awards, for the fifth consecutive year.
Recent awards won by King & Wood Mallesons include:
- 'Most Innovative Law Firm' and 'Most Innovative in Financial Law' at the 2014 Financial Times Asia-Pacific Innovative Lawyers 2014 Awards.
- 'Regional Firm of the Year' and 'Australian Firm of the Year' at the 2013 International Financial Law Review's Asia Awards.
- Highest-ranked Chinese law firm by Japanese corporate legal departments in the December 2013 Nihon Keizai Shimbun survey.
Notable cases and transactions
King & Wood Mallesons and its predecessor firms have advised on a number of notable cases and transactions.
- Represented two Sir Lankan refugees before the High Court of Australia contesting an adverse assessment by the Australian Security Intelligence Organisation in Plaintiff M47-2012 v Director General of Security.
- Defended Macquarie Infrastructure Investment Management Ltd against a writ of prohibition in Truth About Motorways v Macquarie.
- Represented Gina Rinehart in her protracted litigation against Rose Porteous.
- Defended former Treasurer of New South Wales Max Willis against suspension from the New South Wales Legislative Council in Egan v Willis.
- In Australian National Airways Pty Ltd v Commonwealth, the firm defended Australian National Airways against forced nationalisation by the Australian Government.
- Challenged the conferral of state jurisdiction on the Federal Court of Australia in Re Wakim; Ex parte McNally .
- Advised Glencore and Xstrata on their merger.
- Advised on the initial public offering of PetroChina, which was then the largest IPO in Chinese history, allowing the company to temporarily become the highest valued company in the world at over US$1 trillion.
- Sole legal advisor to the Beijing Organising Committee of the Games of the XXIX Olympiad.
- Advised Microsoft with respect to an antimonopoly investigation by the State Administration for Industry and Commerce.
- Representing Nancy Kissel, the "Milkshake Murderer", on her appeals before Hong Kong's Court of Appeal and Court of Final Appeal.
- Advising Daimler AG on its investment in BAIC Motor following the latter's listing on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange.
- Represented OK! magazine in its dispute with Hello! over the publication of "spoiler" photographs of the wedding of Michael Douglas and Catherine Zeta-Jones.
- Advised Lion Capital LLP on a string of deals including the on the acquisition of fashion chain AllSaints from Icelandic banks Kaupthing and Glitnir, and the £1.4 billion acquisition of French frozen food business Picard Surgelés.
- Successfully represented Datafin plc in the landmark judicial review case R v Panel on Take-overs and Mergers, ex parte Datafin plc.
The following list includes people who have worked or consulted for King & Wood Mallesons, or its predecessor firms:
- High Court of Australia
- Federal Court of Australia
- Supreme Court of New South Wales
- Supreme Court of Victoria
- Australian House of Representatives
- Australian Senate
- National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, People's Republic of China
- Victorian Legislative Council
Community and public service
- Gillian Triggs, President of the Australian Human Rights Commission
- Belinda Gibson, Deputy Chairman of the Australian Securities and Investments Commission
- Cheryl Bart, Board member of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation
- Christopher Roper, Director of the St James' Institute
- Larry Kwok, Chairman of Hong Kong's Independent Police Complaints Council
- Jack Rodman, Shanghai-based property advisor and consultant
- David Coe, Founder of Allco Finance Group
- Piers Linney, CEO of Outsourcery
- Joellen Riley, Dean of Sydney Law School
- John Humphrey, Dean of Queensland Institute of Technology's Law Faculty
- Ian Ramsay, Harold Ford Professor of Commercial Law at Melbourne Law School
- Rosamund Grady, CEO of the Centre for International Finance and Regulation at the University of New South Wales
- Caron Beaton-Wells, Director of the Competition Law & Economics Network at Melbourne Law School
- "King & Wood Mallesons and SJ Berwin confirm commencement of the first global law firm headquartered in Asia". mallesons.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "King & Wood Mallesons - Overview | The Lawyer". thelawyer.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Australian Financial Review (2013). King & Wood Mallesons. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Legal Week (2013). SJ Berwin-King & Wood Mallesons merger gets green light creating $1bn global giant. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
- Financial Times (2011). Australian law firm votes for Chinese merger. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- The Lawyer (2011). King & Wood and Mallesons plan for post-merger globalisation. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
- The Lawyer (2012). King & Wood and Mallesons iron out confidentiality issues ahead of merger. Retrieved 1 March 2012.
- "King & Wood Mallesons – Beijing – Law Firm Profile - Chambers Global 2014 – Chambers and Partners". chambersandpartners.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- Australian Financial Review, "Mallesons firms up Asian link", 7 October 2011, p. 20.
- The New Lawyer (2011). Mallesons, China's King & Wood, plan alliance. Retrieved 7 October 2011.
- KING & WOOD MALLESONS AND SJ BERWIN COMBINE TO CREATE FIRST GLOBAL LAW FIRM HEADQUARTERED IN ASIA. 2013-07-31
- "King & Wood Mallesons - True Picture | Chambers Student Guide 2012". chambersstudent.co.uk. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Hall of Fame: The great and the good (A to K) | Analysis | The Lawyer". thelawyer.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "KWM | Australia". mallesons.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Financial Times lists winners of inaugural Innovative Lawyers Awards in Asia-Pacific | About us | FT.com". aboutus.ft.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "King & Wood Mallesons wins 'Regional Firm of the Year' at 2013 IFLR Asia awards | Firm News | The Lawyer". thelawyer.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Who's Who Legal recognises King & Wood Mallesons as world-leading M&A practice | Firm News | The Lawyer". thelawyer.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "King & Wood Mallesons crowned Law Firm of the Year at AB+F awards". mallesons.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "The Lawyer Awards 2012: Mishcon de Reya, Brick Court scoop top prizes | News | The Lawyer". thelawyer.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "企業が選ぶ弁護士ランキング 企業法務１位は中村氏". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
- "Asian Legal Business". au.legalbusinessonline.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Now, From China, the World's Biggest Company - US News". usnews.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "SEC Info - Petrochina Co Ltd - SC 13E3/A - Jilin Chemical Industrial Co Ltd - On 12/23/05 - EX-99.(C).5". secinfo.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "- King & Wood Mallesons | Susan Ning". globallegalinsights.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "Legal Week - King & Wood Mallesons acts for Microsoft on China anti-monopoly probe". legalweek.com. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- "SJ Berwin LLP's victory in the House of Lords for OK! in the Catherine Zeta-Jones wedding photos case". SJ Berwin.
- "SJ Berwin advises Lion Capital and Goode Partners on the acquisition of All Saints fashion chain". SJ Berwin.
- Supreme Court of Victoria (2014). Appointments.
- Bob Carr is included in his list by virtue of his role as consulstant to Mallesons Stephen Jaques (as it then was) from 2006 to 2012: Senator the Hon Bob Carr – Parliament of Australia