King bird-of-paradise

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King bird-of-paradise
Cicinnurus regius-20031005.jpg
Male
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordate
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Cicinnurus
Species: C. regius
Binomial name
Cicinnurus regius
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The king bird-of-paradise (Cicinnurus regius) is a passerine bird of the Paradisaeidae (Bird-of-paradise) family.

The king bird-of-paradise is distributed throughout lowland forests of New Guinea and nearby islands. The diet consists mainly of fruits and arthropods.

An extraordinary courtship display is performed by the male with a series of tail swinging, fluffing of its white abdominal feathers that makes the bird look like a cottonball, and acrobatic movements of its elongated tail wires.

Widespread and a common species throughout its large habitat range, the king bird-of-paradise is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

The first captive breeding of this species was by Dr. Sten Bergman of Sweden in 1958. He was awarded a commemorative medal by the Foreign Bird League to mark this achievement.

Description[edit]

This so-called "living gem"[by whom?] is the smallest and most vividly colored among birds-of-paradise. The king bird-of-paradise is small, approximately 16 cm long. The male is crimson and white with bright blue feet and green-tipped fan-like plumes on its shoulder. The two elongated tail wires are decorated with emerald green disk feathers on its tip. The unadorned female is a brown bird with barring below.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Cicinnurus regius coccineifrons
  • Cicinnurus regius cryptorhynchus
  • Cicinnurus regius gymnorhynchus
  • Cicinnurus regius regius
  • Cicinnurus regius rex
  • Cicinnurus regius similis

References[edit]

External links[edit]