King Cheng of Zhou

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Not to be confused with King Cheng of Chu.
King Cheng of Zhou
周成王
King Cheng of Zhou.jpg
King of China[1]
Reign 1042–1021 BC
Predecessor King Wu of Zhou[2][3]
Successor King Kang of Zhou
Issue King Kang of Zhou[4]
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Sòng (誦)
House Zhou Dynasty[5]
Father King Wu of Zhou
Mother Yi Jiang (邑姜), daughter of Jiang Ziya
Died 1021 BC

King Cheng of Zhou (Chinese: 周成王; pinyin: Zhōu Chéng Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Ch'eng Wang) or King Ch'eng of Chou was the second king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty. The dates of his reign are 1042-1021 BC or 1042/35-1006 BC.[6] His parents were King Wu of Zhou and Queen Yi Jiang (邑姜).[7]

King Cheng was young when he ascended the throne. His uncle, Duke of Zhou, fearing that Shang forces might rise again under the possible weak rule of a young ruler, became the regent and supervised government affairs for several years. Duke of Zhou established the eastern capital at Luoyang, and later defeated a rebellion by Cheng’s uncles[8] Cai Shu, Guan Shu and Huo Shu.[9][10]

King Cheng later stabilized Zhou Dynasty’s border by defeating several barbarian tribes along with the Duke of Zhou.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cutter, Robert Joe (1989), Brocade and Blood: The Cockfight in Chinese and English Poetry, Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (1): 1–16, doi:10.2307/604332 
  2. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scribner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  3. ^ Keay, John (2009). China A History. Harper Press. ISBN 978-0-00-722178-3. 
  4. ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian 4. 
  5. ^ Chin, Annping. (2007). The Authentic Confucius. Scrubner. ISBN 0-7432-4618-7
  6. ^ Cambridge History of Ancient China. 
  7. ^ Book of Rites, Tan Gong I, 1. Accessed 4 Nov 2012.
  8. ^ Edward L. Shaughnessy in Cambridge History of Ancient China, page 311.
  9. ^ Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials by Lee Dian Rainey
  10. ^ Hucker, Charles O. (1978). China to 1850: a short history. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0-8047-0958-0
King Cheng of Zhou
Died: 1021 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Wu of Zhou
King of China
1042–1021 BC
Succeeded by
King Kang of Zhou