King David's wives

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David and Avigail

King David had many wives according to the Hebrew Bible.

David's first wife[edit]

Main article: Michal

King Saul initially offers David his oldest daughter Merab. David did not deny or refuse the offering, but humbled himself in front of Saul to be considered among the King's family.[1] Saul went back on his word and instead gave Merab in marriage to Adriel the Meholathite.[2] Michal the younger daughter is mentioned to Saul to be in love with David and is later given to David in marriage after David's payment to Saul in Philistine foreskins. [3]

Saul was jealous of David and tried to have him killed. David escaped. Then Saul sent his daughter Michal to Galim to marry Palti son of Layish. 1 Samuel 25:44 says, “Saul had given Michal his daughter, David’s wife to Palti, the son of Layish, who was from Galim.”

Years past, David married many women and wanted Michal back. 2 Samuel 3:14-16 says, “David sent messengers to Ish-boshet; Saul’s son, saying:'Deliver me my wife Michal, whom I betrothed to me for a hundred foreskins of Pelishtim.' And Ish-boshet sent and took her from her husband, from Paltiel, the son of Layish. And her husband went along with her weeping behind her to Behurim. Then Avner said to him, go, return and he returned.”

David married Michal when he was young. They were forced to separate due to Saul's fear of David's potential harm to his kingship. He married other women. She married Palti. David was able to make an agreement with Abner for the reuniting with Michal.[4] When David brought the Ark of the Covenant to the City of David, Michal watched him from her window. She was displeased with his behavior because he was wearing the linen ephod on that occasion and not what royalty should be wearing in public. When he returned home, Michal had an argument with David regarding this. However David claimed he did what he did before the Lord and that is what justified him.[5] It then states shortly after that “Michal daughter of Saul did not have a child to the day of her death.” (2 Samuel 6:23)

In 2 Samuel 21:8 it states that Michal daughter of Saul had 5 sons with Adriel son of Barzillai. However in some translations instead of Michal, it says Merab. Merab was the older daughter of Saul initially promised to David, but was instead given as wife to Adriel the Meholathite.[6] Due to that later discrepancy that states Michal as the husband of Adriel instead of Merab as first said in 1st Samuel, many scholars believe this to be an ancient copyist error that should have read Merab in 2nd Samuel 21:8.[7][8]

Hebron[edit]

Batsheva and David

David's wives in Hebron, according to 2 Samuel 3.

The mother's name The son's name
Ahinoam the Yizre'elite His first born was Amnon.
Abigail - the wife of Naval the Karmelite His second was Kil'av.
Maacah - the daughter of Talmay - King of Geshur The third - Absalom[9]
Haggith The fourth - Adoniyya.
Abital The fifth - Shefatya.
Eglah The sixth Yitre'am.

Wives and children in Jerusalem[edit]

David married more wives in Jerusalem, according to 2 Samuel 5. The number is not clear.

Bathsheba[edit]

Main article: Bathsheba

Literature[edit]

The biblical story of King David and his wives inspired many modern day writers. Some of these books are:

Queenmaker/ India Edghill

A Novel of King David’s Queen.


Bathsheba/ Jill Eileen Smith

Michal/ Jill Eileen Smith

Abigail/ Jill Eileen Smith

Jill Eileen Smith, bestselling author of "Michal", draws on Scripture, historical research, and her imagination.


David’s wives/ Haya Shraga

Hebrew: נשות דוד / חיה שרגא בן-איון

The book is written in Hebrew. It is based on the author’s doctorate in which she wrote on the biblical figures:

Michal, Avigail and Batsheva.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "1 Samuel 18:18". 
  2. ^ "1 Samuel 18:19". 
  3. ^ http://biblehub.com/1_samuel/18-27.htm.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ Bible. pp. 2 Samuel 3:13. 
  5. ^ "2 Samuel 6:21". 
  6. ^ "1 Samuel 18:19". 
  7. ^ "Did Michal have any children or not?". CARM.org. Retrieved 5/6/14. 
  8. ^ The New Bible Dictionary. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. 1962. 
  9. ^ Names of daughters are not usually documented in the bible, unless they are part of a biblical story. Maacah and David also had a daughter named Tamar.