King Huan of Zhou

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King Huan of Zhou
周桓王
King of China
Reign 719–697 BC
Predecessor King Ping of Zhou
Successor King Zhuang of Zhou[1]
Spouse [2]
Issue King Zhuang of Zhou
Full name
Ancestral name: (姬)
Given name: Lín (林)
House Zhou Dynasty
Father Crown Prince Xiefu
Died 697 BC

King Huan of Zhou (Chinese: 周桓王; pinyin: Zhōu Húan Wáng; Wade–Giles: Chou Huan Wang; died 697 BC) was the fourteenth king of the Chinese Zhou Dynasty[3][4] and the second of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty (770-256 BC).

His given name was Lín.[5]

King Huan’s father was King Ping’ son, Crown Prince Xiefu. Huan succeeded his grandfather in 719 BC.[6]

Son and successor of Huan was King Zhuang of Zhou.

In 707 BC, the royal forces were defeated in the Battle of Xuge (𦈡葛之战) by Duke Zhuang of Zheng (r.743-701). The king himself was wounded by an arrow in the shoulder, and the defeat destroyed the prestige of the Zhou house.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chinese Text Project, Rulers of the Zhou states – with links to their occurrences in pre-Qin and Han texts.
  2. ^ Family tree of Chinese kings
  3. ^ Sử ký Tư Mã Thiên những điều chưa biết - Chu bản kỷ, Bùi Hạnh Cẩn - Việt Anh dịch (2005), NXB Văn hoá thông tin
  4. ^ Phương Thi Danh (2001), Niên biểu lịch sử Trung Quốc
  5. ^ The Cambridge history of ancient China: from the origins of civilization to 221 B.C. Written by Michael Loewe.
  6. ^ Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian
  7. ^ Pines, Yuri (2002). Foundations of Confucian Thought: Intellectual Life in the Chunqiu period (722-453 B.C.E.). Honolulu: University of Hawai'i Press. p. 109. ISBN 9780824823962. 

See also[edit]

King Huan of Zhou
Died: 697 BC
Regnal titles
Preceded by
King Ping of Zhou
King of China
719–697 BC
Succeeded by
King Zhuang of Zhou