King Zhao of Zhou
|King Zhao of Zhou
|King of China|
|Predecessor||King Kang of Zhou|
|Successor||King Mu of Zhou|
|Issue||King Mu of Zhou|
|Ancestral name: Jī (姬)
Given name: Xiá (瑕)
|Father||King Kang of Zhou|
Zhao’s reign occurred at a point when the Zhou Dynasty had expanded across the central plains of China and turned its attention to South China. Zhao was killed and his campaigning army was wiped out south of the Han River, establishing the limit of direct control of the south during the Western Zhou Dynasty.
According to the traditional, moralistic rendition of Zhao’s life, he loved pleasure and disregarded politics. As a result, the Zhou Dynasty began to falter under his inept rule. Zhao especially liked rare plants and animals, and decided to go on a trip to the State of Chu, after an emissary claimed that Chu had caught a rare bird. After crossing the Han River, King Zhao realized that this was a trick. After several inconclusive battles with Chu forces, he began to retreat, looting and raiding the countryside as he went. Whilst on a boat on the Han River, the boat sprung a leak and King Zhao drowned.
He was succeeded by his son, King Mu of Zhou.
- Sources of Western Zhou History: Inscribed Bronze Vessels by Edward L. Shaughnessy
- Cambridge History of Ancient China
King Zhao of ZhouDied: 977 BC
King Kang of Zhou
|King of China
King Mu of Zhou
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