List of Aragonese monarchs

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Lists of monarchs of medieval Spain:
List of Aragonese monarchs
List of Asturian monarchs
List of Castilian monarchs
List of monarchs of al-Andalus
List of Galician monarchs
List of monarchs of Granada
List of Leonese monarchs
List of monarchs of Majorca
List of Navarrese monarchs
List of Valencian monarchs
List of Visigothic monarchs
List of Galician Suebic monarchs

This is a list of the kings and queens of Aragon, now the autonomous community of Aragon in north-eastern Spain. The Kingdom of Aragon was created in 1035 when the County of Aragon, which had been acquired by the Kingdom of Navarre in the tenth century, was separated from Navarre in accordance with the will of King Sancho III (1004–35). In 1164,with the dynastic union between the Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona; it is created the Crown of Aragon. In the thirteenth century the kingdoms of Valencia, Majorca and Sicily were added to the Crown, and in the fourteenth the Kingdom of Sardinia and Corsica. The Crown of Aragon continued to exist down to 1714 when the last vestiges of its separate legal system were swept away in the Nueva Planta of the kingdom of Spain.

Kingdom of Aragon, 1035–1164[edit]

With the death of Sancho III of Navarre, Aragon fell to his son Ramiro, who quickly elevated it into an autonomous state.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ramiro I
February 1035 – 8 May 1063
Aragon 1007
son of Sancho III of Navarre and Sancha de Aybar
Ermesinda of Bigorre
22 August 1036
5 children
8 May 1063
Graus
Sancho Ramírez
(also King of Navarre from 1076)
8 May 1063 – 4 June 1094
Aragon 1042
son of Ramiro I of Aragon and Ermesinda of Bigorre
Isabel of Urgel
1065
1 child

Felicie de Roucy
1076
3 children
4 June 1094
Huesca
aged 48
Peter I
(also King of Navarre)
4 June 1094 – 28 September 1104
Aragon 1068
son of Sancho Ramírez and Isabel of Urgel
Agnes of Aquitaine
1086
2 children

Bertha of Italy
1097
No children
28 September 1104
Aran Valley
aged 36
Alfonso I the Battler
(also King of Navarre)
28 September 1104 – 8 September 1134
Aragon 1073
son of Sancho Ramírez, King of Aragón and Navarre and Felicie de Roucy
Urraca of Castile
1109
No children
8 September 1134
Huesca
aged 61
Ramiro II the Monk
8 September 1134 – 13 November 1137
Aragon 1075
son of Sancho Ramírez and Felicie de Roucy
Agnes of Aquitaine
1 child
16 August 1157
Huesca
aged 82
Petronilla I
13 November 1137 – 18 July 1164
Aragon 29 July 1136
Huesca
daughter of Ramiro II of Aragon and Agnes of Aquitaine
Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona
11 August 1137
5 children
16 October 1174
Barcelona
aged 38

Crown of Aragon, 1164–1410[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Alfonso II of Aragon
18 July 1164 – 25 April 1196
Aragon 1157
Huesca[1]
son of Ramon Berenguer IV of Barcelona and Petronilla of Aragon
Sancha of Castile
7 children
25 April 1196
Perpignan
aged 44
Peter II of Aragon
25 April 1196 – 13 September 1213
Aragon 1178
Huesca[2]
son of Alfonso II of Aragon and Sancha of Castile
Marie of Montpellier
15 June 1204
2 children
12 September 1213
Battle of Muret
aged ca. 35
James I of Aragon
13 September 1213 – 27 July 1276
James I 2 February 1208
Montpellier
son of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier
Leanor of Castile
1221
1 child

Violant of Hungary
1235
10 children

Teresa Gil de Vidaure
2 children
27 July 1276
Valencia
aged 68
Peter III of Aragon
27 July 1276 – 2 November 1285
Peter III 1240
Valencia
son of James I of Aragon and Yolanda of Hungary
Constance of Sicily
13 June 1262
6 child
2 November 1285
Vilafranca del Penedès
aged 45
Alfonso III of Aragon
2 November 1285 – 18 June 1291
Alfonso III 1265
Valencia
son of Peter III of Aragon and Constance of Sicily
Eleanor of England
15 August 1290
No children
18 June 1291
Barcelona
aged 27
James II of Aragon
18 June 1291 – 2 November 1327
James II 10 August 1267
Valencia
son of Peter III and Constance of Sicily
Isabella of Castile
1 December 1291
No children

Blanche of Anjou
29 October 1295
10 children

Marie de Lusignan
15 June 1315
No children

Elisenda de Montcada
25 December 1322
No children
5 November 1327
Barcelona
aged 60
Alfonso IV of Aragon
2 November 1327 – 24 January 1336
Alfonso IV 1299
Naples
son of James II of Aragon and Blanche of Anjou
Teresa d'Entença
1314
7 children

Eleanor of Castile
2 children
27 January 1336
Barcelona
aged 37
Peter IV of Aragon
24 January 1336 – 5 January 1387
Peter IV 5 October 1319
Balaguer
son of Alfonso IV and Teresa d'Entença
Maria of Navarre
1338
2 children

Leonor of Portugal
1347
No children

Eleanor of Sicily
4 children
5 January 1387
Barcelona
aged 68
John I of Aragon
5 January 1387 – 19 May 1396
John I 27 December 1350
Perpignan
son of Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily
Martha of Armagnac
1 child

Yolande of Bar
3 children
19 May 1396
Foixà
aged 46
Martin I of Aragon
19 May 1396 – 31 May 1410
Martin I 1356
Girona
son of Peter IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily
Maria de Luna
13 June 1372
4 children

Margaret of Prades
1409
No children
31 May 1410
Barcelona
aged 54

House of Trastámara, 1412–1516[edit]

While this dynasty is sometimes referred to as Aragonese in texts, in actually they were not part of the House of Aragon of the previous dynasty, but of the House of Trastámara, who had previously ruled the Crown of Castile.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand I the Honest
24 June 1412 – 2 April 1416
Ferdinand I 27 November 1380
Medina del Campo
son of John I of Castile and Eleanor of Aragon
Eleanor of Alburquerque
1394
8 children
2 April 1416
Igualada
aged 36
Alfonso V the Magnanimous
2 April 1416 – 27 June 1458
Alfonso V 1396
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Maria of Castile
1415
No children
27 June 1458
Naples
aged 52
John II the Great
27 June 1458 – 19 January 1479
John II 29 June 1397
Medina del Campo
son of Ferdinand I and Eleanor of Alburquerque
Blanche I of Navarre
6 November 1419
4 children

Juana Enríquez
2 children
20 January 1479
Barcelona
aged 81
Ferdinand II the Catholic
19 January 1479 – 23 January 1516
Ferdinand II 10 March 1452
son of John II of Aragon and Juana Enriquez
Isabella I of Castile
19 October 1469
5 children

Germaine of Foix
1505
No children
23 January 1516
Madrigalejo
aged 63
Joanna I the Mad
23 January 1516 – 12 April 1555
Joanna 6 November 1479
daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile
Philip I of Castile
20 October 1496
6 children
12 April 1555
Tordesillas
aged 75

Claimants against John II, 1462–1472[edit]

During the Catalonian Civil War, there were three who claimed his throne, though this never included the Kingdom of Valencia.

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Henry IV of Castile
(claimant)
House of Trastámara
1462–1463
Henry IV 5 January 1425
Valladolid
son of John II of Castile and Maria of Aragon
Joan of Portugal
1455
1 child
11 December 1474
Madrid
aged 49
Peter V of Aragon
(claimant)
House of Aviz
1463–1466
Peter V 1429
son of Infante Peter, Duke of Coimbra and Isabella of Urgell
never married 1466
Granollers
aged 37
René
(claimant)
House of Valois-Anjou
1466–1472
René 16 January 1409
Château d'Angers
son of Louis II of Naples and Yolande of Aragon
Isabelle de Lorraine
1420
10 children

Jeanne de Laval
10 September 1454
No children
10 July 1480
Aix-en-Provence
aged 71

House of Habsburg, 1516–1700[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles I the Emperor
23 January 1516 – 16 January 1556
Charles IV 24 February 1500
Ghent
son of Philip I of Castile and Juana of Castile
Isabella of Portugal
10 March 1526
3 children
21 September 1558
Yuste
aged 58
Philip I the Prudent
16 January 1556 – 13 September 1598
Philip I 21 May 1527
Valladolid
son of Charles I and Isabella of Portugal
Maria of Portugal
1543
1 child

Mary I of England
1554
No children

Elisabeth of Valois
1559
2 children

Anna of Austria
4 May 1570
5 children
13 September 1598
Madrid
aged 71
Philip II the Pious
13 September 1598 – 31 March 1621
Philip II 14 April 1578
Madrid
son of Philip I and Anna of Austria
Margaret of Austria
18 April 1599
5 children
31 March 1621
Madrid
aged 42
Philip III the Great
31 March 1621 – 17 September 1665
Philip III 8 April 1605
Valladolid
son of Philip II and Margaret of Austria
Elisabeth of Bourbon
1615
7 children

Mariana of Austria
1649
5 children
17 September 1665
Madrid
aged 60
Charles II the Bewitched
17 September 1665 – 1 November 1700
Charles II 6 November 1661
Madrid
son of Philip III and Mariana of Austria
Maria Luisa of Orléans
19 November 1679
No children

Maria Anna of Neuburg
14 May 1690
No children
1 November 1700
Madrid
aged 38

Aragon itself stayed loyal to Philip IV during the Reapers' War while Catalonia switched allegiance to Louis XIII and Louis XIV of France the Sun-King, see List of Counts of Barcelona. Portugal seceded in 1640. Charles II died without heirs.

House of Bourbon, 1700–1705[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Philip IV the Spirited
1 November 1700 – 1705
Philip IV 19 December 1683
Versailles
son of Louis, Dauphin of France and Maria Anna of Bavaria
Maria Luisa of Savoy
2 November 1701
4 children

Elisabeth of Parma
24 December 1714
7 children
9 July 1746
Madrid
aged 62

House of Habsburg, 1705–1714[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Charles III the Archduke
1705–1714
Charles VI 1 October 1685
Vienna
son of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor and Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg
Elisabeth Christine
1 August 1708
4 children
20 October 1740
Vienna
aged 55

During the war (officially in 1707) Philip d'Anjou, the first of the Bourbon empire in Spain, disbanded the Crown of Aragon. After this time, there are no more Aragonese monarchs. Nevertheless, Spanish monarchs up to Isabella II, while styling themselves king/queen of Spain on coins, still used some of the traditional nomenclature of the defunct Crown of Aragon in their official documents: King/Queen of Castile, Leon, Aragon, both Sicilies, Jerusalem, Navarra, Granada, Toledo, Valencia, Galicia, Majorca, Sevilla, Sardinia, Cordova, Corsica, Murcia, Jaen, the Algarve, Algeciras, Gibraltar, the Canary Islands, the Eastern & Western Indias, the Islands & Mainland of the Ocean sea; Archduke of Austria; Duke of Burgundy, Brabant, Milan; Count of Habsburg, Flanders, Tyrol, Barcelona; Lord of Biscay, Molina.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Alfonso II el Casto, hijo de Petronila y Ramón Berenguer IV, nació en Huesca en 1157;". Cfr. Josefina Mateu Ibars, María Dolores Mateu Ibars, Colectánea paleográfica de la Corona de Aragon: Siglo IX-XVIII, Universitat Barcelona, 1980, p. 546. ISBN 84-7528-694-1, ISBN 978-84-7528-694-5.
  2. ^ Antonio Ubieto Arteta, Creación y desarrollo de la Corona de Aragón, Zaragoza, Anubar (Historia de Aragón), 1987, págs. 187-188. ISBN 84-7013-227-X.