List of Armenian kings

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This is a list of the kings and queens of Armenia, for more information on ancient Armenia and Armenians, please see History of Armenia. For information on the medieval Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia, please see the separate page Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia.

See List of Kings of Urartu for kings of Urartu (Ararat), the predecessor state of Greater Armenia.

Greater Armenia[edit]

This is the historical designation of the largest and longest-lasting Armenian kingdom.

Orontid Kings and Satraps[edit]

In Armenian tradition[edit]

Early kings in traditional Armenian chronology according to Moses of Chorene.

Note that the early dates are traditional and of uncertain accuracy.

Attested satraps[edit]

Yervandian (Yervanduni or Orontid) Dynasty[edit]

Main article: Orontid Dynasty

Artashesian (Artaxiad) Dynasty[edit]

Roman and Parthian non-dynastic candidates[edit]

Arshakuni (Arsacid) Kings of Armenia[edit]

Marzpanate[edit]

Vasak, king of Siunik 442–451

Vartan Mamikonian[AKA Vartan Zoravar, legendary Armenian general killed in battle but preserved Armenia as first Christian nation in the world]

Military occupation by General Mihran 482

Presiding Princes of Armenia[edit]

Bagratuni Kings[edit]

Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia[edit]

Lords/Princes[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Ruben I
1080 1095 Rubenids
Constantine I
1095 1102 Rubenids
Thoros I
1102 1129 Rubenids
Constantine II
1129 1129 Rubenids
Leo I
1129 1140 Rubenids
Thoros II
1144 1169 Rubenids
Ruben II
1169 1170 Rubenids
Mleh
1170 1175 Rubenids
Ruben III
1175 1187 Rubenids
Leo II
1187 1198/1199 Became first king as Leo I Rubenids

Kings and Queens[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Leo II
1198/1199 1219 Rubenids
Isabella
1219 1252 Queen and co-ruler Rubenids Isabella with King Hethum on a coin
Hethum I
1226 1270 Co-ruler Hethumids Hethoum at the court of the Mongols
Leo III
1270 1289 Hethumids
Hethum II
1289 1293 Abdicated in favour of Thoros III Hethumids Hethoum II in Franciscan garb
Thoros III
1293 1298 Recalled Hethoum II, with whom he became co-ruler Hethumids
Hethum II
1295 1296 Co-ruler with Thoros III Hethumids Hethoum II in Franciscan garb
Sempad
1296 1298 Usurper Hethumids
Constantine III
1298 1299 Hethumids
Hethum II
1299 1303 Reclaimed throne. Abdicated and became regent for Leo III Hethumids Hethoum II in Franciscan garb
Leo IV
1303 1307 Under regency of Hethum II Hethumids
Oshin
1307 1320 Hethumids
Leo V
1320 1341 Under regency of Oshin of Korikos until 1329 Hethumids Leo IV dispensing justice
Constantine IV
1342 1344 Elected by nobles Lusignan
Constantine V
1344 1362 House of Neghir
Constantine VI
1362 1373 House of Neghir or Lusignan
Leo VI
1374 1375 Lusignan

Claimants[edit]

Name
Lifespan
Reign start
Reign end
Notes
Family
Image
Leo VI
1375 1393 Lusignan
James I
1396 1398 Lusignan
Janus
1398 1432 Lusignan
John
1432 1458 Lusignan
Charlotte
1458 1467 Lusignan

The title passed to the branch of the Lusignans in Constantinople and eventually Russia. The title is contested by the House of Savoy.

References[edit]

General
  • Boase, T. S. R. (1978). The Cilician Kingdom of Armenia. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press. ISBN 0-7073-0145-9. 
  • Mutafian, Claude (2001). Le Royaume Arménien de Cilicie. Paris: CNRS Editions. ISBN 2-271-05105-3. 
  • Histoire Des Princes de Lusignan, Anciens Rois de Jérusalem, de la Petite Arménie et de Chypre, St.Petersbourg, Soikine, Stremiannaya 12, 1903

See also[edit]