List of rulers of Bohemia

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Monarchy of Bohemia
Former Monarchy
Znak českého království.png
Royal Coat of arms
JCKV Karel I.JPG
Charles III
First monarch Bořivoj I (as Duke)
Last monarch Charles III (as King)
Style His Majesty
Official residence Prague Castle
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began c. 870
Monarchy ended 14 November 1918
Current pretender(s) Karl von Habsburg

This is a list of rulers of Bohemia who ruled the country first as dukes and later as kings from the 9th century until 1918. Bohemia, from the 14th century the Lands of the Bohemian Crown, became part of the Czechoslovak Republic in 1918 and since 1993 is known as the Czech Republic.

Princes of Great Moravia[edit]

Legendary rulers of Bohemia[edit]

Dukes of Bohemia (c. 870–1198)[edit]

Dukes of Bohemia
House of Přemyslid
Image Name Date Notes
Bořivoj I.jpg
Bořivoj I c. 870–888/9
Spitygniew I.jpg
Spytihněv I 894–915 Son of Bořivoj I.
KnizeVratislav1.jpg
Vratislaus I
(Vratislav)
915–921 Brother of Spytihněv I.
SvVaclavOcko.jpg
Wenceslaus I

(Václav)
921–935 Son of Vratislaus I; known as St. Wenceslaus ("Good King Wenceslas" for English speaking people), the patron saint of the Czech lands.
Boleslav-I-Bohemian.jpg
Boleslaus I the Cruel
(Boleslav I. Ukrutný)
935–972 Brother of Wenceslaus I.
Boleslav-II-Bohemian.jpg
Boleslaus II the Pious
(Boleslav II. Pobožný)
972–999 Son of Boleslaus I.
Bolesław III Rudy.jpg
Boleslaus III the Redhead
(Boleslav III. Ryšavý)
999–1002 Son of Boleslaus II.
Vladivoj 1002–1003 Of the Piast dynasty (?). Said to be first cousin of Boleslav III. Polish name Władywoj.
Bolesław III Rudy.jpg
Boleslaus III 1003 Second time.
Boleslaus I.jpg
Boleslaus the Brave
(Boleslav Chrabrý)
1003–1004 Member of the Piast dynasty; brother of Vladivoj (?), grandson of Boleslaus I. Duke and later king of Poland.
Jaroměř-Jaromír.jpg
Jaromír 1004–1012 Brother of Boleslaus III.
Oldrzych.jpg
Oldřich 1012–1033 Brother of Jaromír.
Jaroměř-Jaromír.jpg
Jaromír 1033–1034 Second time.
Oldrzych.jpg
Oldřich 1034 Second time.
Břetislav I.-Chrudim2.jpg
Bretislaus I (Břetislav I.) 1034–1055 Son of Oldřich
Spytihnev2vesvatovitskeapo.jpg
Spytihněv II 1055–1061 Son of Bretislaus I.
W vratislav ii 198 320.jpeg
Vratislaus II
(Vratislav II.)
1061–1092 Brother of Spytihněv II. King 1085–1092 as Vratislaus I.
Konrad1.jpg
Conrad I
(Konrád I. Brněnský)
1092 Brother of Vratislavus II.
Brzetysław II.jpg
Bretislaus II
(Břetislav II.)
1092–1100 Nephew of Conrad I, son of Vratislav II.
Borzywój II.jpg
Bořivoj II 1101–1107 Brother of Bretislaus II.
Świętopełk Ołomuniecki.jpg
Svatopluk
(Svatopluk Olomoucký)
1107–1109 First cousin of Bořivoj II.
VladislavI.JPG
Vladislaus I (Vladislav I.) 1109–1117 Brother of Bořivoj II.
Borzywój II.jpg
Bořivoj II 1117–1120 Second time
VladislavI.JPG
Vladislaus I 1120–1125 Second time
Sobiesław I.jpg
Soběslav I 1125–1140 Brother of Vladislaus I.
Vladislaus II
(Vladislav II.)
1140–1172 Nephew of Sobeslaus I, son of Duke Vladislaus I. King 1158–1172 as Vladislaus I.
PecetknizeteBedricha.jpg
Frederick (Bedřich) 1172–1173 Son of Vladislaus II.
Soběslav II 1173–1178 First cousin once removed of Frederick, Son of Sobeslaus I.
PecetknizeteBedricha.jpg
Frederick 1178–1189 Second time.
PecetKonradaIIOty.jpg
Conrad II Otto
(Konrád II. Ota)
1189–1191 Descendant of Conrad I.
Wenceslaus II
(Václav II.)
1191–1192 Brother of Sobeslaus II.
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg
Ottokar I (Přemysl I. Otakar) 1192–1193 Son of Vladislaus II.
Henry Bretislaus
(Jindřich Břetislav)
1193–1197 First cousin of Ottokar I.
PecetVladislavaJindricha.jpg
Vladislaus Henry
(Vladislav Jindřich)
1197 Brother of Ottokar I.
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg
Ottokar I 1197–1198 Second time. Became king in 1198, and his descendants retained the title.

Kings of Bohemia (1198–1918)[edit]

Kings of Bohemia
House of Přemyslid
Image Name Date Notes
PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek.jpg Ottokar I
(Přemysl I. Otakar)
1198–1230 Hereditary royal title approved by King Philip of Germany, confirmed by the 1212 Golden Bull of Sicily
VaclavGelnhausenovekodexu.jpg Wenceslaus I
(Václav I.)
1230–1253 Son of Ottokar I.
Ottokar II Premysl.jpg
Ottokar II
(Přemysl II. Otakar)
1253–1278 Son of Wenceslaus I. Also Duke of Austria, Duke of Styria, Duke of Carinthia and Duke of Carniola.
Codex Manesse Wenzel II. von Böhmen.jpg
Wenceslaus II
(Václav II.)
1278–1305 Son of Ottokar II. Also Duke of Kraków (from 1291) and King of Poland (1300–1305).
Wenzel3.jpg
Wenceslaus III
(Václav III.)
1305–1306 Son of Wenceslaus II. Uncrowned (as Bohemian king). Also King of Hungary and King of Poland.
Non-Dynastic
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg
Henry the Carinthian
(Jindřich Korutanský)
1306 Meinhardiner. Son-in-law of Wenceslaus II. Non-crowned.
Rudolf Stepan.jpg
Rudolph I
(Rudolf I.)
1306–1307 Habsburg. Second husband of Elisabeth Richeza of Poland, widow of Wenceslaus II. Non-crowned.
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303.jpg
Henry the Carinthian 1307–1310 Second time
House of Luxembourg
John of Luxemburg.PNG
John the Blind
(Jan Lucemburský)
1310–1346 Son-in-law of Wenceslaus II.
Charles IV-John Ocko votive picture-fragment.jpg
Charles I
(Karel I.)
1346–1378 Son of John. Also Holy Roman Emperor as Charles IV.
VaclavIV.jpg
Wenceslaus IV
(Václav IV.)
1378–1419 Son of Charles IV. Also King of the Romans until 1400.
Pisanello 024b.jpg Sigismund
(Zikmund)
1419–1437 Brother of Wenceslaus IV. Ruled effective 1436–1437 only (because of the Hussite Revolution). Also Holy Roman Emperor and King of Hungary.
House of Habsburg
Albrecht II. von Habsburg.jpg
Albert
(Albrecht Habsburský)
1437–1439 Son-in-law of Sigismund. Also King of the Romans and of Hungary.
Interregnum 1440–1453 The succession of Albert's son was not recognized by the Czech nobility for the most of this era; the land was administered by the landfriedens (provincial & territorial).
Ladislas the Posthumous 001.jpg Ladislaus the Posthumous
(Ladislav Pohrobek)
1453–1457 Son of Albert born after his father's death. Also King of Hungary.
Non-Dynastic
Georg of Podebrady.jpg George of Podebrady
(Jiří z Poděbrad)
1457–1471 Elected king from the Czech noble family House of Kunštát. Although he had descendants, the succession devolved to the prince from Polish kingdom.
Hunyadi Matyas TK.jpg Matthias Corvinus
(Matyáš Korvín)
1469–1490 King of Hungary, elected by the insurgent Catholic Czech aristocrats as antiking in 1469, but never crowned. In 1479, he agreed to limit his rule to Moravia, Silesia, and Lusatia, while retaining his title.
House of Jagiellon
Vladislaus II. of Bohemia and Hungary.gif
Vladislaus II the Jagiellonian
(Vladislav II. Jagellonský)
1471–1516 Nephew of Ladislaus the Posthumous; elected on request of his predecessor George. Also King of Hungary after 1490.
Hans Krell 001.jpg Louis the Jagiellonian
(Ludvík Jagellonský)
1516–1526 Son of Vladislaus II. Also King of Hungary.
House of Habsburg
Hans Bocksberger (I) - Emperor Ferdinand I - WGA02326.jpg Ferdinand I 1526–1564 Brother-in-law of Louis; elected king. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor-elect from 1558.
Nicolas Neufchâtel 002.jpg Maximilian I
(Maxmilián I.)
1564–1576 Son of Ferdinand I, grandson of Vladislaus II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph Heintz d. Ä. 002.jpg Rudolph II
(Rudolf II.)
1576–1611 Son of Maximilian I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Lucas van Valckenborch 003.jpg Mathias
(Matyáš)
1611–1619 Brother of Rudolph II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Georg Pachmann 001.jpg Ferdinand II 1619–1637 Nephew of Matthias. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Gerard van Honthorst 006.jpg Frederick I 1619–1620 Member of the House of Wittelsbach. Elected by the Crown's Estates at the beginning of the Thirty Years' War but after the lost Battle of White Mountain he fled the country.
Frans Luycx 002.jpg Ferdinand III 1627–1657 Son of Ferdinand II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Ferdinand IV (cropped).jpg
Ferdinand IV 1646–1654 Son of Ferdinand III. Junior co-monarch during his father's reign. Also King of Hungary and King of the Romans.
Benjamin von Block 001.jpg Leopold I 1657–1705 Brother of Ferdinand IV. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor.jpg Joseph I
(Josef I.)
1705–1711 Son of Leopold I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Karel VI.jpg Charles II
(Karel II.)
1711–1740 Brother of Joseph I. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VI.
CharlesVIIEmperor.JPG Charles Albert
(Karel Albrecht)
1741–1743 Member of the House of Wittelsbach. Son-in-law of Joseph I. Antiking to Maria Theresa during the War of the Austrian Succession. Also Holy Roman Emperor as Charles VII.
Kaiserin Maria Theresia (HRR).jpg Maria Theresa
(Marie Terezie)
1740–1780 Daughter of Charles II. Also Queen of Hungary.
House of Habsburg-Lorraine
Anton von Maron 006.png Joseph II
(Josef II.)
1780–1790 Son of Maria Theresa. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
Johann Daniel Donat, Emperor Leopold II in the Regalia of the Golden Fleece (1806).png Leopold II 1790–1792 Brother of Joseph II. Also King of Hungary and Holy Roman Emperor.
HGM Kupelwieser Porträt Kaiser Franz I.jpg Francis I
(František I.)
1792–1835 Son of Leopold II. Also King of Hungary, Holy Roman Emperor to 1806, Emperor of Austria from 1804.
Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg Ferdinand V 1835–1848 Son of Francis I. Also Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary. Last crowned King of Bohemia. Forced to abdicate diring the Revolution of 1848.
Franz Joseph of Austria 1910 old.jpg Francis Joseph I
(František Josef I.)
1848–1916 Nephew of Ferdinand V. Also Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary.
JCKV Karel I.JPG Charles III
(Karel III.)
1916–1918 Grandnephew of Francis Joseph I. Also Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary. Ruled briefly during World War I, in November 1918 renounced participation in state affairs but did not abdicate.

See also[edit]