King of Hanover

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King of Hanover
Former Monarchy
Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Hanover.svg
Imperial Coat of arms
George V
First monarch George III
Last monarch George V
Style His Majesty
Appointer Hereditary
Monarchy began 12 October 1814
Monarchy ended 20 September 1866

The King of Hanover (German: König von Hannover) was the official title of the head of state and hereditary ruler of the Kingdom of Hanover, beginning with the proclamation of the King of the United Kingdom George III, as "King of Hanover" during the Congress of Vienna, on 12 October 1814 at Vienna, and ending with the annexation of Prussia on 20 September 1866.


In 1813, George III of the United Kingdom was restored to his Hanoverian territories, and in October 1814 they were constituted as the independent Kingdom of Hanover at the Congress of Vienna. The personal union with the United Kingdom ended in 1837 on the accession of Queen Victoria because the succession laws in Hanover, based on Salic law, prevented a female inheriting the title if there was any surviving male heir (in the United Kingdom, a male took precedence only over his own sisters).

List of Hanovarian monarchs[edit]

Monarch Consort Reign Royal House
# Portrait Name Portrait Name Reign start Reign end
1 Allan Ramsay - King George III in coronation robes - Google Art Project.jpg King George III
König Georg III
Augusta von Preussen.jpg Queen Charlotte
Königin Charlotte
12 October 1814
29 January 1820 Hanover
2 George IV van het Verenigd Koninkrijk.jpg King George IV
König Georg IV
QueenCaroline1820.jpg Queen Caroline
Königin Caroline
29 January 1820 26 June 1830 Hanover
3 William IV.jpg King William I
König Wilhelm I
Adelaide Amelia Louisa Theresa Caroline of Saxe-Coburg Meiningen by Sir William Beechey.jpg Queen Adelaide
Königin Adelaide
26 June 1830 20 June 1837 Hanover
4 King Ernest Augustus I
Queen Frederica
20 June 1837 18 November 1851 Hanover
5 King George V
Queen Marie
18 November 1851 20 September 1866 Hanover

Standard & Coat of arms[edit]

After the personal union with Great Britain ended in 1837, Hanover kept the British royal arms and standard, only introducing a new Crown (after the British model).