Monarchy of Iceland
|Monarchy of Iceland|
|Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Iceland|
|King Christian I of Iceland|
|First monarch||Christian I|
|Last monarch||Christian I|
|Monarchy began||1 December 1918|
|Monarchy ended||17 June 1944|
|Current pretender(s)||Margrethe II|
The Monarchy of Iceland (the Icelandic monarchy) was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Iceland from 1918 to 1944 under a personal union, due to the Act of Union. The Parliament of Iceland asked that Denmark represent Iceland's foreign affairs and day-to-day affairs were delegated to Danish plenipotentiary for Icelandic affairs based in Reyjkavik, and; after the Nazi invasion of Denmark in 1940; a regent was appointed.
The Monarch of Iceland was created by the Act of Union of 1918 which transformed the former Danish overseas possession of Iceland into the independent sovereign constitutional monarchy of Iceland. Iceland adopted a new constitution following a referendum in 1944 which abolished the monarchy. Although many Danes felt offended that Iceland should take such a step at that time (Denmark at that point was still under Military occupation by Nazi Germany); King Christian I sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people.
List of Icelandic Monarchs
|#||Portrait||Name||Portrait||Name||Reign start||Reign end|
|1||King Christian I
|1 December 1918||17 June 1944||House of Glücksburg|
By the Grace of God, King of Iceland and Denmark, of the Wends and Goths, Duke of Schleswig, Holstein, Stormarn, Dithmarschen, Lauenburg and Oldenburg