List of monarchs of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies

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The following is a list of monarchs of the Two Sicilies.

Edict of Bayonne[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Joachim I
the Dandy King
1808–1815
[1]
Joachim I 25 March 1767
La Bastide-Fortunière
son of Pierre Murat-Jordy and Jeanne Loubières
Caroline Bonaparte
1 August 1794
3 children
13 October 1815
Pizzo
aged 48

Joachim Murat was the first king to rule a kingdom which was called "Two Sicilies" by the Edict of Bayonne, in 1808, though he controlled the mainland, he never physically controlled the island of Sicily, to which his Bourbon rival had fled from Naples.[2][3] After the Congress of Vienna, the title king of Two Sicilies was adopted by Ferdinand IV of Naples, in 1816.[4] Under Ferdinand the Kingdom of Naples and the Kingdom of Sicily were unified, he had previously been king of both Naples and Sicily.

Kings of the Two Sicilies (1816–1861)[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Ferdinand I
1816–1825
Ferdinand I 12 January 1751
Naples
son of Charles VII and Maria Amalia of Saxony
Marie Caroline of Austria
12 May 1768
17 children

Lucia Migliaccio of Floridia
27 November 1814
No children
4 January 1825
Naples
aged 73
Francis I
1825–1830
Francis I 14 August 1777
Naples
son of Ferdinand I and Maria Carolina of Austria
Maria Isabella of Spain
6 July 1802
12 children
8 November 1830
Naples
aged 53
Ferdinand II
1830–1859
Ferdinand II 12 January 1810
Palermo
son of Francis I and Maria Isabella of Spain
Maria Christina of Savoy
21 November 1832
1 child

Maria Theresa of Austria
9 January 1837
12 children
22 May 1859
Caserta
aged 49
Francis II
1859–1861
Francis II 16 January 1836
Naples
son of Ferdinand II and Maria Christina of Savoy
Maria Sophie of Bavaria
8 January 1859
1 child
27 December 1894
Arco
aged 58
In 1861 Two Sicilies became part of the newly founded Kingdom of Italy.

Heads of the House of the Two Sicilies (1861–1960)[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Francis II
1861–1894
Francis II 16 January 1836
Naples
son of Ferdinand II and Maria Christina of Savoy
Maria Sophie of Bavaria
8 January 1859
1 child
27 December 1894
Arco
aged 58
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta
("Alfonso I")
1894–1934
Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta 28 March 1841
Caserta
son of Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and Maria Theresa of Austria
Princess Maria Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
8 June 1868
12 children
26 May 1934
Cannes
aged 93
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria
("Ferdinand III")
1934–1960
Prince Ferdinand Pius, Duke of Calabria 25 July 1869
Rome
son of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Princess Maria Ludwiga Theresia of Bavaria
31 May 1897
6 children
7 January 1960
Lindau
aged 90
In 1960 headship of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies became disputed by two different Bourbon lines.

Heads of the Royal House of the Two Sicilies (1960–present)[edit]

Neapolitan line claim (1960–present)[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro
("Ranieri I")
1960–1966
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro 3 December 1883
Cannes
son of Prince Alfonso, Count of Caserta and Princess Antonietta of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
Countess Maria Carolina Zamoyska
12 September 1923
2 children
13 January 1973
La Combe
aged 89
Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Castro
("Ferdinand IV")
1966–2008
Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro 28 May 1926
Podzamcze
son of Prince Ranieri, Duke of Castro and Countess Maria Carolina Zamoyska
Chantal de Chevron-Villette
23 July 1949
3 children
20 March 2008
France
Aged 81
Prince Carlo, Duke of Castro
("Charles I")
2008–present
Blank.jpg 24 February 1963
Saint-Raphaël
son of Prince Ferdinand, Duke of Castro and Chantal de Chevron-Villette
Camilla Crociani
31 October 1998
2 children
Current claimant

Spanish line claim (1960–present)[edit]

Name Portrait Birth Marriages Death
Infante Alfonso
("Alfonso II")
1960–1964
Infante Alfonso 30 November 1901
Madrid
son of Prince Carlos of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and Mercedes, Princess of Asturias
Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
1936
3 children
3 February 1964
aged 63
Infante Carlos
("Charles I")
1964–present
16 January 1938
Lausanne
son of Infante Alfonso and Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma
Princess Anne d'Orléans
1965
5 children
Current claimant

References[edit]

  1. ^ Neapolitan lira of 1813
  2. ^ Colletta P., History of the Kingdom of Naples: 1734-1825, p.71
  3. ^ Proclaims with Murat's title. (Italian)
  4. ^ Romeo R., Moments and problems of the Restoration in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies (1815–1820), in Southern Italy and Sicily during the Risorgimento, Naples 1963, pp 85-96. (Italian)

See also[edit]