The Kingdom of Champasak (Lao: ຈຳປາສັກ [càmpàːsák]) or Bassac, (1713–1946) was in 1713 proclaimed a Lao kingdom under Nokasad, a grandson of King Sourigna Vongsa, the last king of Lan Xang; and son-in-law of the Cambodian King Chey Chettha IV. Bassac and the neighboring principalities of Attapeu and Stung Treng, emerged as power centers under what was later to be described as the Mandala Southeast Asian political model. The kingdom was initially sited on the eastern or Left Bank of the Mekong, south of the Right Bank principality of Khong Chiam where the Mun River joins; and east of where the Mekong makes a sharp bend to the west to return abruptly and flow southeasterly down to what is now Cambodia. Due to scarcity of information from the periods known as the Dark ages of Cambodia, the Khorat Plateau seems to have been largely depopulated, and Left Bank principalities began to repopulate the Right. In 1718, a Lao emigration in the company of an official in the service of King Nokasad founded Muang Suwannaphum as the first recorded population of Lao in the Chi River valley — indeed anywhere in the interior of the plateau. Both Left and Right Bank outliers prospered at the beginning the 18th century, but in the 19th fell victim to Siam's struggle to extend suzerainty that soon devolved into a contest with the French who were striving to bring the same region under the authority of what was to become French Indochina. Champasak was reduced to a vassal state of Siam; Suwannaphum lost its status following the failure of the Laotian Rebellion for independence of 1826–29. Following the Franco-Siamese War of 1893, the Left Bank fell under French rule as an administrative block, with its royalty stripped of many privileges. The 1893 treaty called for a twenty-five-kilometer-wide demilitarized zone along the Right Bank, which made Siamese control impossible. It soon became a haven for lawless characters from both banks of the river. Lack of clear chains of authority resulted in turmoil in the whole region, in what was known to the Siamese side as The 1901-1902 Holy Man's Rebellion.
In 1946, the kingdom, established under the grandson of the last king of Lan Xang, was reduced to the status of a province in the first-ever united Kingdom of Laos; which on 2 December 1975, became the Lao People's Democratic Republic.
Kings of Champasak (1713-1904) 
Heads of the Princely House 1904-present 
See also 
- ^ Christopher Buyers (August 2001 – October 2009). "Champasakti". The Khun Lo Dynasty Genealogy > continued from Lan Xang 3. The Royal Ark. Retrieved March 3, 2012. "All materials contained in this site are the subject of copyright."
- ^ a b Murdoch, Murdoch, John B. (1974). "The 1901-1902 Holy Man's Rebellion" (free). Journal of the Siam Society (Siam Heritage Trust). JSS Vol.62.1 (digital image): 2–9. Retrieved April 2, 2013. "Furthest afield were Vientiane and Bassac...."
- ^ Brow, James (1976), "Population, land and structural change in Sri Lanka and Thailand", Contributions to Asian studies (Kogan Page, Limited) (9): 47, ISBN 90-04-04529-5
External links