Kingdom of Montenegro
|Kingdom of Montenegro
Краљевина Црнa Горa
Kraljevina Crna Gora
Krst, dom, sloboda
Крст, дом, слобода
"Cross, Home, Freedom"
Ubavoj nam Crnoj Gori
Убавој нам Црној Гори
"To Our Beautiful Montenegro"
The Kingdom of Montenegro in 1914.
|-||1910–1912||Lazar Tomanovic (first)|
|-||1917–1918||Evgenije Popovic (last)|
|Historical era||World War I|
|-||Proclamation||28 August 1910|
|-||Treaty of London||30 May 1913|
|-||Corfu Declaration||20 July 1917|
|-||Unificaton with the Kingdom of Serbia||28 November 1918|
|-||Creation of Yugoslavia||1 December 1918|
|-||1910||9,475 km² (3,658 sq mi)|
|-||1912||14,442 km² (5,576 sq mi)|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Montenegro|
The Kingdom of Montenegro (Serbian: Краљевина Црнa Горa, Kraljevina Crna Gora), was a monarchy in southeastern Europe during the tumultuous years on the Balkan Peninsula leading up to and during World War I. Legally it was a constitutional monarchy, but absolutist in practice. On 28 November 1918 Montenegro was unified with the Kingdom of Serbia, then three days later, on 1 December 1918, it was incorporated into the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.
The Kingdom of Montenegro was proclaimed by Nicholas I in Cetinje, on 28 August 1910. Nicholas I, who had ruled the country as Prince since 1860, initiated several modernizing reforms in the beginning of the 20th century such as introducing a constitution and a new currency, the Montenegrin perper. Montenegro enthustiastically joined the First Balkan War in 1912, hoping to get a share in the last Ottoman-controlled areas of Rumelia. At first, Montenegro did make further territorial gains by splitting Sandžak with Serbia on 30 May 1913. Later though, the newly-captured city of İşkodra (Skadar in Montenegrin, now Shkodër) had to be given up to the new state of Albania at the insistence of the Great Powers despite the Montenegrins having invested 10,000 lives into the capture of the town from the Ottoman-Albanian forces of Esad Pasha. When, in 1913 after the war, conflict broke out between Bulgaria and Serbia, it was natural for King Nicholas to side with Serbia and once again Montenegro was tossed into war, in which Montenegro indeed was granted substantial additional territory.
On 20 July 1917, the Corfu Declaration was signed; it declared the unification of Montenegro with Serbia. On 28 November 1918, Montenegrin unification with Serbia was proclaimed. Nicholas I was a staunch supporter of unification with Serbia to form a great Serbian state for all Serbs but was in conflict with the kings of Serbia concerning who would be the ruler of the new kingdom. Nicholas I was eventually dethroned and exiled.
Nominally, a later Kingdom of Montenegro existed during World War II. In reality, the area was under Italian and then German control, and there was no monarch, with all candidates having refused the crown. Italian-appointed governors ruled this puppet state from 1941 through 1943, and when Italy withdrew, the region came under direct control by German troops. Yugoslav Partisans under Josip Broz Tito took control in December 1944, terminating the ostensible second Kingdom of Montenegro.
King of Montenegro (1910–1918) 
- Nicholas I of Montenegro (1910–1918)
Pretenders (1918–Present) 
- Nicholas I of Montenegro (1918–1921)
- Danilo, Crown Prince of Montenegro (Danilo III) (1921)
- Michael, Prince of Montenegro (Michael I) (1921–1986)
- Prince Nicholas of Montenegro (Nicholas II) (1986–Present)
- Boris of Montenegro (Heir apparent) (born 1980)
Prime Ministers (1910–1916) 
- Lazar Tomanović (1910–1912)
- Mitar Martinović (1912–1913)
- Janko Vukotić (1913–1915)
- Milo Matanović (1915–1916)
Prime Ministers in-exile (1916–1922) 
- Lazar Mijušković (1916)
- Andrija Radović (1916–1917)
- Milo Matanović (1917)
- Evgenije Popović (1917–1919)
- Jovan Plamenac (1919–1921)
- Anto Gvozdenović (1921–1922)
- Milutin Vučinić (1922)
- Anto Gvozdenović (1922)
See also 
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