Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz

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Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz
مملكة نجد والحجاز
Mamlakat Najd wa-l-Ḥijāz
Political union of Nejd and Hejaz

 

1926–1932
Flag of Nejd Flag of Hejaz
Capital Riyadh
Languages Arabic
Ottoman Turkish
Religion Islam
Government Absolute monarchy
King of Hejaz
Sultan/King of Nejd
 -  1925–1932 Abdul Aziz ibn Saud
Attorney General of the His Majesty the King
 -  1926–1932 Faisal bin Abdulaziz al-Saud
Historical era Interwar period
 -  Saudi conquest of Hejaz 19 December 1925
 -  Ibn Saud crowned King of Hejaz 8 January 1926
 -  Saudi Arabia established 23 September 1932
Area
 -  1932 2,149,690 km² (830,000 sq mi)
Population
 -  1932 est. 2,439,000 
     Density 1.1 /km²  (2.9 /sq mi)
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The Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz (Arabic: مملكة نجد والحجازMamlakat Najd wa-l-Ḥijāz) was a political union established after the Kingdom of Hejaz had been conquered by the Sultanate of Nejd under Abdul Aziz Ibn Saud in 1925.

History[edit]

On 8 January 1926, Ibn Saud, the Sultan of Nejd, was crowned King of the Hejaz in the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah, and he elevated Nejd to the status of a kingdom on 27 January 1927.[1] At the Treaty of Jeddah on 20 May 1927, Ibn Saud's realm was recognised by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and was addressed as the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz.

For the next five years, Ibn Saud administered the two parts of his dual kingdom as separate units. On 23 September 1932, the main Saudi dominions of Al-Hasa, Qatif, Nejd and the Hejaz were unified as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Foreign policy[edit]

The Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz could pursue its expansionist policy by British arms supplies because of its close relations with the United Kingdom. Under Ibn Saud, the Hejaz withdrew from the League of Nations.

In 1926, the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz was recognised by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, followed by the United States of America in 1931. By 1932, the United Kingdom, the USSR, Turkey, the Imperial State of Iran and The Netherlands maintained legations in Jeddah; The French Third Republic, the Kingdom of Italy and the Kingdom of Egypt maintained unofficial consular representatives.

Flags of Nejd and Hejaz[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Joseph Kostiner, The Making of Saudi Arabia, 1916–1936: From Chieftaincy to Monarchical State (Oxford University Press US, 1993), ISBN 0-19-507440-8, p104

Sources[edit]