Kingdom of Slavonia
|Kingdom of Slavonia
|Separate Habsburg land under joint civil-military administration (1699–1745),
Land of the Crown of St Stephen within the Habsburg Monarchy (1745–1804)a
Constituent land of the Austrian Empire (1804–1868)a
Kingdom of Slavonia in 1751, shown in yellow
|Historical era||Early modern period|
|-||Joined with Croatia into Croatia-Slavonia||1868|
|A: Subordinate to the Kingdom of Croatia and to the Kingdom of Hungary (1745–1849), separate Habsburg land (1849–1868)|
|Part of a series on the|
|History of Slavonia|
|Principality of Pannonian Croatia|
|Kingdom of Croatia (medieval)|
|Banovina of Slavonia|
|Realm of Ugrin Csák|
|Hundred Years' Croatian–Ottoman War|
|Sanjak of Pojega|
|Great Turkish War|
|Kingdom of Slavonia|
|Slavonian Military Frontier|
|Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia|
|Croatian War of Independence|
|Battle of Vukovar|
The Kingdom of Slavonia (Croatian: Kraljevina Slavonija; Serbian: Краљевина Славонија; German: Königreich Slawonien; Latin: Regnum Sclavoniae; Hungarian: Szlavón Királyság) was a province of the Habsburg Monarchy and the Austrian Empire that existed from 1699 to 1868. The province included northern parts of present-day regions of Slavonia (today in Croatia) and Syrmia (today in Serbia and Croatia). The southern parts of these regions were part of the Slavonian Military Frontier.
The Kingdom of Slavonia was formed from territories that Habsburg Monarchy gained from Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Karlowitz (1699). Initially, it was a separate Habsburg land under joint civil-military administration that lasted from 1699 to 1745. In 1745, the full civil administration was introduced and Kingdom of Slavonia, as one of the Lands of the Crown of St. Stephen, was administratively included into both, the Habsburg Kingdom of Croatia, and the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. After 1849 the Kingdom of Slavonia and Kingdom of Croatia were affirmed as completely separate crownlands (constituent lands) of the Austrian Empire. Following the 1868 Settlement (Nagodba) with the Kingdom of Hungary, Kingdom of Slavonia was joined with Kingdom of Croatia into the single Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia, which although it was under the suzerainty of the Crown of Saint Stephen kept a significant level of self-rule.
According to other statistical estimations, in 1787 in civil Slavonia there were 265,670 inhabitants, and in 1804/1805 there were 286,349 inhabitants, but from that number clergy and nobility were excluded. Only men were counted in that census. There were: 74,671 Roman Catholics, 68,390 Orthodox Christians, 1,744 Calvinists, 97 Lutherans and 160 Jews. Number of Orthodox Christians was higher in Syrmia: 32,090 Orthodox Christians and 12,633 Roman Catholics. In other two counties of Slavonia: Požega and Virovitica, as in city of Požega, Roman Catholics outnumbered Orthodox population.
- 63,341 Roman Catholics
- 41,172 Eastern Orthodox
- 837 Jews
- 629 Greek Catholics
- 85 Calvinists
- 44 Lutherans
- 101,559 Roman Catholics
- 35,806 Eastern Orthodox
- 4,257 Calvinists
- 1,784 Jews
- 629 Greek Catholics
- 69 Lutherans
The Kingdom of Slavonia was mostly an agricultural land, just like Kingdom of Croatia, and it was known for its silk profuction. In 1857 industrial employment (11,01%) was highest in the County of Osijek, while 72,3% were employed in agriculture (82,9% in the Požega County).
- Banovina of Slavonia
- Slavonian Military Frontier
- Kingdom of Dalmatia
- Timeline of Croatian history
- John R. Lampe (1982). John R. Lampe and Marvin R. Jackson, ed. Balkan economic history, 1550–1950: from imperial borderlands to developing nations. Indiana University Press. p. 63. ISBN 978-0-2533-0368-4.
- Balkan economic history, 1550-1950: from imperial borderlands to developing nations, John R. Lampe, Marvin R. Jackson, Indiana University Press, 1982, page 63.
- Mladen Lorković, Narod i zemlja Hrvata, reprint, Split, 2005., page 86
- Statistische übersichten über die bevölkerung und den viehstand von Österreich nach der zählung vom 31. october 1857, page 120
- Mariann Nagy - Croatia in the Economic Structure of the Habsburg Empire in the Light of the 1857 Census, page 88