Kingfisher, Oklahoma

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Kingfisher, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Kingfisher Oklahoma.jpg
Kingfisher, Oklahoma is located in Oklahoma
Kingfisher, Oklahoma
Kingfisher, Oklahoma
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 35°51′22″N 97°56′4″W / 35.85611°N 97.93444°W / 35.85611; -97.93444Coordinates: 35°51′22″N 97°56′4″W / 35.85611°N 97.93444°W / 35.85611; -97.93444
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Kingfisher
Area
 • Total 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 • Land 4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,053 ft (321 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 4,380
 • Density 1,058.9/sq mi (408.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73750
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-39850[1]
GNIS feature ID 1094390[2]
Website kingfisher.org

Kingfisher is a city in and the county seat of Kingfisher County, Oklahoma, United States.[3] The population was 4,633 at the 2010 census. It is the former home and namesake of Kingfisher College. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Kingfisher is now primarily a bedroom community for people employed in Enid and Oklahoma City.[4]

History[edit]

Statue of Jesse Chisholm in downtown Kingfisher.

Kingfisher came into existence on April 22, 1889, when land owned by the federal government was opened to settlement by "land run." A huge area in what is now central Oklahoma was literally "peopled" by Americans overnight. The city is situated on a part of the Chisholm Trail, over which millions of Texas longhorns were driven to railheads in Kansas in the years immediately following the Civil War. Extension of the railroads and settlement of the open range ended this colorful era.

The town was named for an early resident who several landmarks were named for, a man named King Fisher.[5]

The bill that opened Oklahoma Territory to non-Indian settlement limited the sizes of townsites to 320 acres (130 ha). Settlers in the Kingfisher area formed two communities: Kingfisher City, on the north side of the settlement, and Lisbon, on the south side. The two merged on June 14, 1890 and the resulting town was named Kingfisher. Oklahoma Territory was organized May 2, 1890, and consisted of the Unassigned Lands and the Panhandle. The Western District included presentday Kingfisher County, part of Canadian County and the Panhandle. Abraham Jefferson Seay, a Missouri native, was appointed as District Judge and moved to Kingfisher. In 1892, Seay was appointed as the second territorial governor by President Benjamin Harrison.[4]

Economically, the Kingfisher County Development Foundation was created in 1958 for the purpose of assisting and promoting industrial, economic and civic growth within, and surrounding the Kingfisher area of Oklahoma. By better serving the needs of business development and investment, the K.C.D.F.'s pursuit of economic stability and growth has benefited its merchants, city, schools, hospital and citizens. A present K.C.D.F. strategy includes the investment for development of the Kingfisher Industrial Park. The industrial park is located just south of Kingfisher, further closing the gap between Oklahoma City and Kingfisher. Kingfisher has quickly become a suburban community of the Oklahoma City Metropolitan Statistical Area, already home to many commuters to Oklahoma City. Kingfisher is a Certified City and has received a Community Development Block Grant to inventory infrastructure features for Capital Improvement Planning (CIP).[citation needed]

On August 19, 2007 the City of Kingfisher was 25% flooded when Kingfisher Creek and Uncle John Creek overflowed their banks, the result of heavy rain from Tropical Depression Erin. One woman died in the flood.[6]

The Coleman Company was founded in Kingfisher by W. C. Coleman in 1900.

Geography[edit]

Kingfisher is located at 35°51′22″N 97°56′04″W / 35.856216°N 97.934517°W / 35.856216; -97.934517.[7] It is 45 miles (72 km) northwest of Oklahoma City.[4] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles (11 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kingfisher, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
53
(12)
62
(17)
71
(22)
80
(27)
89
(32)
95
(35)
95
(35)
86
(30)
75
(24)
60
(16)
50
(10)
72
(22.4)
Average low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
30
(−1)
35
(2)
46
(8)
55
(13)
66
(19)
69
(21)
68
(20)
60
(16)
48
(9)
35
(2)
28
(−2)
47.2
(8.7)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.0
(25)
1.3
(33)
2.1
(53)
3.0
(76)
4.6
(117)
3.9
(99)
2.6
(66)
2.8
(71)
3.3
(84)
2.6
(66)
1.9
(48)
1.4
(36)
30.4
(772)
Source #1: weather.com
Source #2: Weatherbase.com [8]


Demographics[edit]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 4,380 people, 1,727 households, and 1,172 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,058.9 people per square mile (408.5/km2). There were 1,935 housing units at an average density of 467.8 per square mile (180.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 85.05% White, 1.96% African American, 5.71% Native American, 0.46% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 4.00% from other races, and 2.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.10% of the population.

There were 1,727 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.3% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were non-families. 28.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.03.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 88.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,059, and the median income for a family was $47,037. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $17,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,117. About 9.8% of families and 11.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over.

Places of interest[edit]

Kingfisher's main permanent tourist attractions are the Chisholm Trail Museum, and the Gov. Seay Mansion nearby. These facilities preserve relics and information of the community's unique heritage.[citation needed]

Government[edit]

Kingfisher has a commission-manager government.[4]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b c d McIntyre, Glen. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Kingfisher." Retrieved January 25, 2014.
  5. ^ Alley, John. City Beginnings in Oklahoma Territory. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, Oklahoma, 1939.
  6. ^ KWTV August 19, 2007
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Historical Weather for Kingfisher, Oklahoma, United States". 

External links[edit]