Kingfisher County, Oklahoma

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Kingfisher County, Oklahoma
Map of Oklahoma highlighting Kingfisher County
Location in the state of Oklahoma
Map of the United States highlighting Oklahoma
Oklahoma's location in the U.S.
Founded May 2, 1890[1]
Seat Kingfisher
Largest city Piedmont
Area
 • Total 906 sq mi (2,346 km2)
 • Land 903 sq mi (2,339 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.33%
Population (Est.)
 • (2012) 15,005
 • Density 17/sq mi (6.4/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Kingfisher County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The land was given to the Creek Nation by the federal government, but was taken back after the American Civil War. The county was formed in 1890 and named Kingfisher by a vote of residents. As of the 2010 census, the population was 15,034.[2] Its county seat is Kingfisher.[3]

History[edit]

Limited archaeological surveys may have discovered evidence of pre-contact peoples, including Paleo-Indian and Archaic (6000 BC - 1 AD) groups that used the area for hunting and foraging. The historic Osage, Cheyenne, and Comanche tribes traversed the prairie grasslands of this area.

Before the county's creation, The Chisholm Trail's many routes crossed the area. A stage road which paralleled the trail had important stops at Dover Station, King Fisher Station and Baker Station.

The area was given to the Creek Nation by the federal government after their forced removal from Georgia. At the end of the American Civil War, the Creeks were forced to cede the land back to the federal government for siding with the Confederacy. It became part of the Unassigned Lands, and the area was opened to non-Indian settlement in the land run on April 22, 1889.[4] Several towns, including Kingfisher, Oklahoma developed soon after the land run.[4]

Originally this area was called County 5, when the Organic Act of May 2, 1890 created Oklahoma Territory. At an August 5, 1890 election, the voters of County 5 overwhelmingly voted for the name "Kingfisher" over "Hennessey" and "Harrison". The origin of the name is unclear. The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture mentions three different possibilities. The first is that the name memorialized a local rancher, David King Fisher. The second version is that King and Fisher were two different settlers, whose names were combined for the county and town. The third explanation was that the name was for a rancher named John Fisher and for whom Uncle Johns Creek was named. [5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 906 square miles (2,346.5 km2), of which 903 square miles (2,338.8 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.33%) is water.[6] The principal waterway is the Cimarron River, which runs from northwest to east through the county.[5]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 18,825
1920 15,671 −16.8%
1930 15,960 1.8%
1940 15,617 −2.1%
1950 12,860 −17.7%
1960 10,635 −17.3%
1970 12,857 20.9%
1980 14,187 10.3%
1990 13,212 −6.9%
2000 13,926 5.4%
2010 15,034 8.0%
Est. 2012 15,005 −0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
2012 Estimate[2]
Age pyramid for Kingfisher County, Oklahoma, based on census 2000 data.

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 13,926 people, 5,247 households, and 3,893 families residing in the county. The population density was 15 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 5,879 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.09% White, 1.59% Black or African American, 3.02% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 4.34% from other races, and 2.74% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,247 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.20% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.80% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.20% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 26.80% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 15.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,676, and the median income for a family was $43,242. Males had a median income of $30,918 versus $19,819 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,167. About 8.50% of families and 10.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.30% of those under age 18 and 6.50% of those age 65 or over.

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of January 15, 2012[9]
Party Number of Voters Percentage
  Democratic 2,492 30.75%
  Republican 5,059 62.42%
  Unaffiliated 554 6.83%
Total 8,105 100%

Politics[edit]

Presidential election results[10]
Year Republican Democrat
2008 84.19% 5,372 15.81% 1,009
2004 84.64% 5,630 15.36% 1,022
2000 77.49% 4,693 21.53% 1,304

Communities[edit]

NRHP sites[edit]

The following sites in Kingfisher County are listed on the National Register of Historic Places:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Kingfisher County Retrieved 2/22/2011
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b Oklahoma Territory's First Land Run (accessed May 15, 2013)
  5. ^ a b Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Kingfisher County Retrieved 2/22/2011
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ http://www.ok.gov/elections/documents/reg_0112.pdf
  10. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved 2011-06-11. 

Coordinates: 35°56′N 97°56′W / 35.94°N 97.94°W / 35.94; -97.94