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Kings Place from York Way
|Address||90, York Way
|Designation||Grade A Commercial|
|Type||Classical / Contemporary music, Arts / Cultural venue, Spoken Word, commercial office space, restaurant|
|Capacity||Hall 1: 420 seats
Hall 2: 220 seats
Kings Place is a building in London’s Kings Cross area, providing music and visual arts venues combined with seven floors of office space. It has housed the editorial offices of The Guardian newspaper since December 2008 and is the headquarters of Network Rail. Kings Place is also the London office of CGI, the global IT and management consultancy company.
Kings Place was a commercial development providing 26,000 sq m of office space. In late 2008 the building became the home for The Guardian and The Observer newspapers.
Kings Place houses the first new build public concert hall to be built in central London since the completion of the Barbican Concert hall over 25 years ago in 1982 (Cadogan Hall and LSO St Luke's were adapted from old buildings in that period).
It has a range of facilities for performance, exhibition and education. The music, arts and restaurant areas are arranged around public spaces which form a central hub to the building. The arts facilities include free access to a range of commercial art galleries. Two orchestras, the London Sinfonietta and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment, reside within Kings Place and regularly perform there.
Construction on the site began in 2005 and was completed in summer 2008; the opening festival started on 1 October 2008.
Kings Place sits on the east side of York Way, 150 metres from King’s Cross/St Pancras train stations. On its eastern side the building overlooks Battlebridge Basin on the Regent's Canal which is also home to many residential boats and the London Canal Museum.
Central St Martins, one of the art colleges within the University of the Arts London, brought a major visual arts community into the area from mid-2011, when it moved into the nearby Argent’s 67-acre (270,000 m2) King’s Cross central development.
Following a limited architectural competition, Dixon Jones was appointed as the architect for Kings Place. The brief was for it to be a large building of far higher quality than the normal spec office development. The building was to be durable, not only in terms of quality of the build materials, but in its design. It had to be spatially generous and environmentally impeccable. Most importantly, it had to fit into a local urban architecture which is not uniform in scale.
Hall One, the main concert hall, is a separate structure within the building, it is a box that sits on rubber springs to give it complete acoustic separation from the rest of the building.
It is built to a regular geometry, a double cube, that is considered most successful for small concert halls. Structural columns around the hall are set away from the walls to allow curtains to be drawn between the columns and the walls to modify the acoustics for speech or amplified music.
It won the "Commercial and Public Access" award and the overall "Gold Award" in the 2009 Wood Awards.
The architecture of Hall One emerged from a collaboration between Dixon Jones and Arup’s acousticians. As part of the research that preceded the design, the developer, the architects, the engineers and the project manager visited Japan to look in detail at a dozen concert halls. The aim was to differentiate very precisely between a variety of modern concert halls and to examine what solution would best meet the requirements of Kings Place. Next a computer model of the proposed Kings Place auditorium was made. This was tested against computer models of the Concertgebouw, the Wigmore and several other halls. In this way it was possible to optimise the design for Hall One before construction began.
The oak veneer inside Hall One has come from the same 500-year old German oak tree. After felling the wood was cut into 5-metre lengths and boiled at 80°C for one week, then sliced. The tree produced an acre of wood veneer. It has been used in Hall One to cover the panels, columns, roof coffers, the back of seats, the doors, and the desks.
The building has wavy glass runs along the west-facing York Way frontage; this three-layered glass façade is a free-standing transparent surface made up of hundreds of very slightly curved sheets of glass. As well as reducing heat gain from the afternoon sun, the glass wall provides Kings Place with a distinctive facade.
- Hall One – 420-seat concert hall with fixed seating
- Hall Two – flexible performance and rehearsal space (seats audience of 220 or 330 standing)
- St Pancras Room – auditorium for speech, seating 100
- Three rehearsal break-out spaces:
- Limehouse Room
- Wenlock Room
- Horsfall Room
- Recording and broadcasting facilities
- Two general dressing rooms
- Teaching room
- Office space and headquarters for London Sinfonietta and the Orchestra of the Age of Enlightenment
- The Music Base – shared office space with desks for small music organisations
- Pangolin London:
- Sculpture gallery
Food and drink
The Rotunda Restaurant spans the area of the building facing Regent’s Canal and Battlebridge Basin. The Rotunda Bar features a curved bar that mirrors the shape of the building. The Green & Fortune Café is housed in the central atrium of the building on the ground floor level. Green & Fortune is responsible for all food, drink, hospitality and private hire at Kings Place.
All seven levels above ground at Kings Place are commercial office space. From some angles Kings Place can be seen as four joined but separate structures. This breaking down of the mass of the building was critical to the planners and has allowed light and a sense of openness to penetrate to basement level.
Thanks to a series of linking bridges, however, each of the upper floors is experienced by the office user as a very large contiguous plate.
For the office users no staircase was provided for general use so the only way to access above ground floors is via the lifts. This makes for inconvenience when the lifts breakdown and reduces the green impact of the building. The two common staircases have been designed so as only to be available in case of fire.
Kings Place promotes discovery of the arts in its surrounding boroughs of Islington and Camden. The Kings Place outreach program works in three areas: Education, Community Engagement and Participation and Family. Music and arts organisations resident and performing at Kings Place offer educational classes, workshops, opportunities for participation in performances as well as family events. Past events and projects have included family drumming workshops and professional development sessions with the London Sinfonietta and their visiting musicians from the Ugandan Dance Academy and a visual arts project with local schools and the Visual Learning Foundation using the construction of the building as inspiration.
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