Kingston City Hall (Ontario)
|Kingston City Hall|
|National Historic Site of Canada|
|Original use||City hall, market, custom house, post office, police station and jail|
|Current use||City hall|
|Administrative body||City of Kingston|
|Designated as a NHSC||1961|
|Other designations||Focal point of the Market Square Heritage Conservation District, designated under the Ontario Heritage Act|
Kingston City Hall is the seat of local government in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. Occupying a full city block facing Lake Ontario in Kingston's downtown, the city hall is a prominent edifice constructed in the Neoclassical style with a landmark tholobate and dome.
The city hall was completed in 1844, with its scale and design reflective of Kingston's status as capital of the Province of Canada at that time. The architect chosen for the project in 1841, was George Browne, an architect who had moved to Kingston, from Quebec, with the new government for 3 years. This building was believed to be one of his most outstanding works, but completed after the government removed itself to Montreal, and the building was never used as the capital of Canada.
The area directly behind city hall serves as a seasonal farmers' market. During the winter, the market square is transformed into an outdoor skating rink.
The Kingston Police Department was based at city hall until 1971, when it was moved to a (then-new but now demolished) building of its own at 11 Queen Street. KPD 705 Division is currently located next to the city's public works department.
A city park one city block in size, Confederation Park separates Kingston's city hall from the waterfront. Established in 1967 on formerly-industrial waterfront land, it is home to a large fountain and the Confederation Basin marina; a former Kingston and Pembroke Railway station which once served as the southern terminus of the now-defunct line is now a visitor information centre. A restored historic locomotive, the "Spirit of Sir John A.", recalls downtown Kingston's past role in locomotive manufacturing.
Stained glass windows
In 1920, Mayor Hugh Collamer Nickle suggested that “the windows in the City Hall be a memorial type, and that brass tablets be erected between the columns and a record kept of those who enlisted in Kingston.” Stained glass windows commemorate the various battles of World War I: The Battle of Ypres, 1915; The Battle of St. Eloi, 1916; the Battle of Sanctuary Woods, 1916; the Battle of Jutland, 1916; the Battle of Lens, 1917; the Battle of Vimy Ridge, 1917; the Battle of Passchendaele, 1917; the Battle of the Somme, 1916; the Battle of Mons, 1917; the Battle of Amiens, 1918; the Battle of Cambrai; and the Battle of Scapa Flow. Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy (1862-1935) explained “These memorials are our homage to those who have given the greatest gift it is possible to give to us, but I like to think of them as a covenant between us and them, that their gift shall not be in vain, that our freedom purchased at the cost of their lives shall be an ennobled and idealized State that will give them joy to see if they can still keep watch on our earthly affairs.”
- Kingston City Hall National Historic Site of Canada. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 22 May 2012.
- Battle of Ypres Memorial Window
- Battle of St. Eloi Memorial Window
- Battle of Sanctuary Woods Memorial Window
- Battle of Jutland Memorial Window
- Battle of Lens Memorial Window
- Battle of Vimy Ridge Memorial Window
- Battle of Passchendaele Memorial Window
- Battle of the Somme Memorial Window
- Battle of Mons Memorial Window
- Battle of Amiens Memorial Window
- Battle of Battle of Cambrai Memorial Window
- Battle of Scapa Flow Memorial Window
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kingston City Hall.|