Kington St Michael

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Kington St Michael
Kington St Michael.JPG
South end of the village
Kington St Michael is located in Wiltshire
Kington St Michael
Kington St Michael
 Kington St Michael shown within Wiltshire
Population 685 (2001 Census)[1]
OS grid reference ST9077
Civil parish Kington St Michael
Unitary authority Wiltshire
Ceremonial county Wiltshire
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chippenham
Postcode district SN14
Dialling code 01249
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament North Wiltshire
Website Kington St Michael Village Website
List of places
UK
England
Wiltshire

Coordinates: 51°29′49″N 2°08′35″W / 51.497°N 02.143°W / 51.497; -02.143

Kington St Michael is a village and civil parish about 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Chippenham in Wiltshire.

Location[edit]

Kington St Michael is about 3 miles (4.8 km) south of junction 17 of the M4 motorway and Chippenham and about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) west of the A350.

The village is largely a linear village based on its main street, which runs from southeast to northwest, where Honey Knob Hill leads into open countryside heading towards Grittleton.[2]

The nearby Easton Piercy is a hamlet and part of the parish.[3]

History[edit]

There is evidence of habitation of the area in the New Stone Age and Bronze Ages. The first named settlement dates to about AD 934, when it was known as "Kington". Later known as "Kington Minchin" during the early existence of Kington St. Michael Priory, it became "Kington St Michael" in 1279 when the church was rededicated to St Michael.[4]

A market cross was adjacent to the Priory and according to Aubrey, sold staple foods. A Michaelmas Fair was also noted for its "ale and geese".[4]

The main activity in the village was agriculture for many years, although there is some evidence of a small textile industry.[4] In about 1760 the Chippenham to Malmesbury road (now the A350) was made a turnpike, and Kington benefited from the increase in traffic, by the end of the 18th century supporting "tailors, two blacksmiths and a carpenter ... [and] a slaughterhouse, malthouse and public house". By 1851 the range of occupations reported in the village had expanded further.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The village has several Grade II listed buildings. Grade II* listed buildings include St Michael & All Angels parish church and a group of monuments in the churchyard.[5]

Amenities[edit]

Shop

Following the closure of the local Post Office on 2 April 2008, there is now a community owned shop, staffed by volunteers, operating from part of the village hall and providing local produce and an off-licence. It is staffed mainly by local residents and also offers PostPoint postal facilities.[6][7]

School

The village has one primary school, Kington St Michael Church of England school, a voluntary controlled school with a catchment area including the village itself and parts of north Chippenham.[8] It has around 110 pupils and is described by Ofsted as "a good school with significant outstanding features. The level of care and support the school provides is outstanding."[9]

Pub

The village has one public house, The Jolly Huntsman. It dates back to the 18th century, when beer was brewed on the premises and it was named The White Horse Brewery, it is now a free house. It has been included in the CAMRA "Good Beer Guide" since 2006 and was named "Regional Pub of the Year" in 2010.[10]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area selected: North Wiltshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2010. 
  2. ^ 51°29′50″N 2°08′31″W / 51.49734°N 2.14194°W / 51.49734; -2.14194 Aerial view of the village
  3. ^ a b Lewis, 1848, pages 129-132
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Wiltshire Council - Wiltshire Community History: Kington St. Michael". history.wiltshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  5. ^ "Listed Buildings in Kington St Michael, Wiltshire, England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  6. ^ "Kington St Michael Village Website - Kington St Michael Village Shop & Post Point". www.kingtonstmichael.com. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  7. ^ "Kington St. Michael Community Shop – Community Shops Network". www.plunkett.uk.net. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  8. ^ "Kington St Michael School Home Page". www.kingtonstmichaelschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 
  9. ^ "- Ofsted". www.ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-05. 
  10. ^ "The Jolly Huntsman – Kington St Michael". www.jollyhuntsman.com. Retrieved 2010-11-04. 

Sources & further reading[edit]

External links[edit]