Kington St Michael
|Kington St Michael|
South end of the village
Kington St Michael shown within Wiltshire
|Population||685 (2001 Census)|
|OS grid reference|
|Civil parish||Kington St Michael|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Wiltshire|
|Website||Kington St Michael Village Website|
There is evidence of habitation of the area in the New Stone Age and Bronze Ages. The first named settlement dates to about AD 934, when it was known as "Kington". Later known as "Kington Minchin" during the early existence of Kington St. Michael Priory, it became "Kington St Michael" in 1279 when the church was rededicated to St Michael.
The main activity in the village was agriculture for many years, although there is some evidence of a small textile industry. In about 1760 the Chippenham to Malmesbury road (now the A350) was made a turnpike, and Kington benefited from the increase in traffic, by the end of the 18th century supporting "tailors, two blacksmiths and a carpenter ... [and] a slaughterhouse, malthouse and public house". By 1851 the range of occupations reported in the village had expanded further.
Following the closure of the local Post Office on 2 April 2008, there is now a community owned shop, staffed by volunteers, operating from part of the village hall and providing local produce and an off-licence. It is staffed mainly by local residents and also offers PostPoint postal facilities.
The village has one primary school, Kington St Michael Church of England school, a voluntary controlled school with a catchment area including the village itself and parts of north Chippenham. It has around 110 pupils and is described by Ofsted as "a good school with significant outstanding features. The level of care and support the school provides is outstanding."
The village has one public house, The Jolly Huntsman. It dates back to the 18th century, when beer was brewed on the premises and it was named The White Horse Brewery, it is now a free house. It has been included in the CAMRA "Good Beer Guide" since 2006 and was named "Regional Pub of the Year" in 2010.
- John Aubrey, antiquarian and archaeologist
- John Britton, antiquarian
- Isaac Lyte, Alderman of London, local benefactor, erected almshouses.
- "Area selected: North Wiltshire (Non-Metropolitan District)". Neighbourhood Statistics: Full Dataset View. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 December 2010.
- Aerial view of the village
- Lewis, 1848, pages 129-132
- "Wiltshire Council - Wiltshire Community History: Kington St. Michael". history.wiltshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- "Listed Buildings in Kington St Michael, Wiltshire, England". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "Kington St Michael Village Website - Kington St Michael Village Shop & Post Point". www.kingtonstmichael.com. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- "Kington St. Michael Community Shop – Community Shops Network". www.plunkett.uk.net. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "Kington St Michael School Home Page". www.kingtonstmichaelschool.co.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- "- Ofsted". www.ofsted.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-11-05.
- "The Jolly Huntsman – Kington St Michael". www.jollyhuntsman.com. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
Sources & further reading
- Lewis, Samuel, ed. (1948) . (Seventh ed.). London: Samuel Lewis. pp. 129–132 http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=50936. Retrieved 2010-11-05. Missing or empty
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Cherry, Bridget (revision) (1975) . Wiltshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 281–282. ISBN 0 14 0710.26 4.
- Pugh, R.B.; Crittall, Elizabeth (eds.) (1956). A History of the County of Wiltshire, Volume 3. Victoria County History. pp. 259–262.
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