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|Part of Bakumatsu conflicts|
An 1893 woodblock print by Yūzan Mori, depicting the Hamaguri rebellion.
Sonnō Jōi Rōnin force
|Commanders and leaders|
|3,000 men (1,400 Chōshū army + 1,600 Rōnin force)||50,000 men|
|Casualties and losses|
|400 killed or wounded||60 killed or wounded,
28,000 houses burnt down
The Kinmon Incident (禁門の変 Kinmon no Hen?, literally, "Forbidden Gate Incident" or "Imperial Palace Gate Incident"), also known as the Hamaguri Gate Rebellion (蛤御門の変 Hamaguri Gomon no Hen "Hamaguri Imperial Gate Incident"?) was a rebellion against the Tokugawa Shogunate that took place on August 20, 1864, at the Imperial Palace in Kyoto. It reflected widespread discontent among pro-imperial and anti-foreigner groups, who rebelled under the Sonnō Jōi slogan. Sonnō Jōi had been promulgated by the Emperor Kōmei as the "Order to expel barbarians" in March 1863, and the rebels sought to take control of the Emperor to accomplish the restoration of the Imperial household to political supremacy.
During the bloody crushing of the rebellion, the leading Chōshū clan was held responsible for its instigation. To counter the kidnapping attempt, the Aizu and Satsuma domains led the defense of the Imperial palace, but during the incident, the rebels put Kyoto into fire, starting with the residence of the Takatsukasa family and the one of a Choshu official. It is not entirely clear if they did it as soon as they started to lose, or if it was part of their plan from the beginning, to act as a diversion.
Some courtiers, including Nakayama Tadayasu, the Emperor's Special Consultant for National Affairs, were banished from court because of their involvement in the incident. The Shogunate followed the incident with a retaliatory armed expedition, the First Chōshū expedition, in September 1864.
- Takeda Hideaki, Nakayama Tadayasu (1809-88) at kokugakuin.ac, accessed 24 September 2013
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