|Native speakers||80,000 (1998–2001)|
kfk – Kinnauri
nes – Kinnauri, Bhoti
cik – Kinnauri, Chitkuli
ssk – Sunam
jna – Jangshung (Thebor)
scu – Tukpa
??? – Kinnauri, Pahari
The district Kinnaur is linguistic giant where nine languages are spoken by less than hundred thousand people. The list of langauges in Kinnaur can be viewed from Kinnaur. Kinnauri is one of the nine languages, also known as Kanauri, Kanor, Koonawur, or Kunawar. It is a Tibeto-Burman langauge spoken on the Kinnaur district of the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The classification of the language is as follows: Sino-Tibetan, Tibeto-Burman, Western Tibeto-Burman, Bodish, West Himalayish, Kinauri.
This description is of the Pangi dialect of Kinnauri.
Note on palatals: /dʒ/, /tʃ/, /tʃʰ/, and /ʃ/ are post-alveolar. /ɲ/ is alveolo-palatal.
Kinnauri has five pairs of long/short vowels:
/h/, aspirated obstruents (i.e. /pʰ/, /tʰ/, /ʈʰ/, /kʰ/, /t͡sʰ/, /t͡ʃʰ/), and glides (i.e. /w/, /j/) do not occur in syllable codas.
All consonants may occur in onsets and word-medially.
Kinnauri has the following types of syllables:
Kinnauri is SOV, V-Auxiliary, Postpositional, and has head-final noun phrases. It shows case marking with an ergative alignment in the past tense, nominative-accusative elsewhere. The ergative case is identical to the instrumental. There is no distinction between accusative and dative, and a genitive is partially syncretic with the accusative/dative. An ablative case is also recognized, normally attached outside the genitive but with different allomorphs for animate and inanimate referents. There is also a locative case, normally used only with inanimate nouns.
- Kinnauri reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Kinnauri, Bhoti reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Kinnauri, Chitkuli reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Sunam reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
Jangshung (Thebor) reference at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
(Additional references under 'Language codes' in the information box)
- Nagano, Yasuhiko; & LaPolla, Randy J. (Eds.). (2001). New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Bon studies 3, Senri ethnological reports 19. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
- Takahashi, Yoshiharu. (2001). A descriptive study of Kinnauri (Pangi dialect): A preliminary report. In Y. Nagano & R. J. LaPolla (Eds.), New research on Zhangzhung and related Himalayan languages. Osaka: National Museum of Ethnology.
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