Kintetsu Hachiōji Line
|Kintetsu Hachiōji Line|
Narrow gauge train at Nishihino Station
|Locale||Yokkaichi, Mie Prefecture|
|Opening||August 15, 1912|
|Line length||1.3 km (0.81 mi)|
|No. of tracks||1|
|Track gauge||762 mm (2 ft 6 in)|
|Electrification||750 V DC Overhead line|
The Kintetsu Hachiōji Line (近鉄八王子線 Kintetsu Hachiōji-sen?), often called the Kintetsu Nishihino Line (近鉄西日野線 Kintetsu Nishihino-sen) is a 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) narrow gauge railway line operated by the Japanese private railway company Kintetsu, connecting Hinaga Station and Nishihino Station, both in the city of Yokkaichi, Mie, Japan. With a total length of 1.3 km, it is the shortest of all the Kintetsu train lines.
The line connects with the Kintetsu Utsube Line at Hinaga. Because all trains on the Hachiōji Line offer direct service to Kintetsu-Yokkaichi via the Utsube Line, the two lines are collectively called the Utsube-Hachiōji Line (内部・八王子線 Utsube-Hachiōji-sen?).
The line is called the "Hachiōji Line" because it originally ran to Ise-Hachiōji Station, however for many years the endpoint has been Nishihino.
Narrow gauge railway
The line was originally built as a tram and so the track gauge was especially narrow. Later on the line was legally upgraded from a tram to a light rail, however the gauge was not widened as it was on the vast majority of Japan's train lines. Today, there are only four 762 mm (2 ft 6 in) gauge train lines in operation in Japan, and the Hachiōji Line is both the oldest and shortest of those four.
762 mm railways of Japan
- Kintetsu: Utsube Line (neighboring line)
- Kintetsu: Hachiōji Line (this line)
- Sangi Railway: Hokusei Line (also in northern Mie Prefecture, formerly operated by Kintetsu)
- Kurobe Gorge Railway: Main Line (Kurobe, Toyama Prefecture)
- "Local" (普通 Futsū?) services stop at every station.
- All trains are wanman driver only operation.
- Trains run twice per hour in both directions.
|Hinaga||日永||0.0||Kintetsu Utsube Line||Yokkaichi||Mie Prefecture|
|This Section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2012)|
The Hachiōji Line was built in 1912 and, like the Kintetsu Utsube Line, is one of Kintetsu's oldest train lines. The Hachiōji Line was actually built first, but became a branch line after the original section of what is now the much longer Utsube Line was opened later the same year. Steam engines ran on the line for many years until 1928 when gasoline-powered trains were introduced, which ran until the line was electrified in 1948.
Ownership of the line has shifted a few times during its existence. Mie Tramway built the line but control was given to Mie Railway (Santetsu) shortly after in 1916. Then in 1944, Santetsu, along with six other companies, merged to form Mie Transport (Sanco). Twenty years later, the railway department of Sanco split off to become a separate company called Mie Electric Railway (Sanden), however this organization was short-lived as it was bought up by railway giant Kintetsu the following year, and thus in 1965 the line came under its current name and ownership.
As the line's official name indicates, Nishihino is not the original terminus. When the line was built it was 2.8 kilometers in length and extended past Nishihino and terminated in Yokkaichi's Hachiōji neighborhood and for over 60 years, trains went all the way to Ise-Hachiōji Station. However, in 1974, there was an especially heavy rainstorm that flooded the Tempaku River which runs right alongside the line. The track suffered from severe water damage and the entire line was temporarily shut down for repairs. The track was repaired only as far as Nishihino, and the rest of the line was abandoned. The remainder of the line, only 1.3 kilometers long, was reopened in 1976.
Because so many years have passed since the endpoint was changed to Nishihino, younger generations primarily refer to the line as the Nishihino Line, a name that is even used by some Kintetsu train conductors.
- August 15, 1912 - Hinaga to Ise-Hachiōji sections opens (Mie Tramway).
- July 19, 1916 - Control of line is transferred to Mie Railway (Santetsu).
- December 1, 1916 - Based on train-related laws, the line's classification is officially changed from a tram to a light railway.
- March 1, 1928 - Gasoline-powered trains introduced.
- February 11, 1944 - Santetsu and six other companies merge to form Mie Transport (Sanco). Line becomes part of the Sanco Mie Line.
- September 10, 1948 - Entire line electrified.
- February 1, 1964 - Sanco railway division splits off and forms a new company named Mie Electric Railway (Sanden).
- April 1, 1965 - Sanden, and all of its lines, are acquired by Kintetsu. Line officially renamed Kintetsu Hachiōji Line.
- July 25, 1974 - Operation on entire line is suspended due to flood damage.
- April 1, 1976 - After repairs, Hinaga to Nishihino section reopens. Nishihino to Ise-Hachiōji permanently closes.
In August 2012, Kintetsu announced its wishes to close both the Utsube and Hachioji Lines, with plans to convert the trackbed into a dedicated bus route. The two lines together lose approximately 300 million annually. A formal decision is scheduled to be made by spring 2013.
- Kintetsu Line Archives - Hachiōji Line (Japanese)
- "近鉄:内部線・八王子線の鉄路廃止、跡地にバス運行 三重". Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- Kintetsu railway network map - Hachiōji Line
- Hisakyu - Kintetsu Hachiōji Line
- Main Terminal - Kintetsu Hachiōji Line (Japanese)