Kintetsu Shima Line

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Kintetsu Shima Line
Kintetsu-23000 001 JPN.JPG
Kintetsu Ise-Shima Liner
Overview
Type Commuter rail
Locale Mie Prefecture
Termini Toba
Kashikojima
Stations 16
Operation
Opening July 23, 1929
Operator(s) Kintetsu
Technical
Line length 24.52 km (15.24 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
Electrification 1,500 V DC overhead
Route map

All lines are Kintetsu unless otherwise noted

Osaka Namba
Osaka Uehommachi
Kyoto
Right Kashihara LineKyoto Line
Yamato-Yagi
Nagoya
Up Osaka LineRight Nagoya Line
Ise-Nakagawa
Up Yamada Line
Ujiyamada
Up Toba LineLeft JR Central Sangū Line
0.0 Toba1970-
0.1 (old) Toba-1970
Down Shima Line
1.0 Nakanogō1992-
Ise-wan Ferry
(old) Nakanogō-1992
Akasaki Tunnel
2.3 Shima-Akasaki
3.9 Funatsu
National Route 167
5.5 Kamo
6.9 Matsuo
7.9 Shiraki
Aomine Tunnel
11.0 Gochi
12.7 Kutsukake
14.6 Kaminogō(Old Shima-Isobe)
16.0 Shima-Isobe(Hasama)
Right Original track - Closed 1993
17.6 Anagawa
(old) Anagawa
Anagawa Tunnel
20.4 Shima-Yokoyama
21.3 Ugata
National Route 260
23.1 Shima-Shimmei
Ago Bay
24.5 Kashikojima
ShinjukōClosed 1969

The Kintetsu Shima Line (近鉄志摩線 Kintetsu Shima-sen?) is a railway line in Mie Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway company Kintetsu, connecting Toba Station in Toba with Kashikojima Station in Shima.

The line connects with the Kintetsu Toba Line at Toba Station. The Kintetsu Yamada Line, Toba Line, and Shima Line form a single train line that begins at Ise-Nakagawa Station and serves the Ise-Shima tourist region.

Service[edit]

 LO  Local (普通 futsū)

Up For Nakagawa
Down For Kashikojima
(Locals stop at every station.)


 LE  Limited Express (特急 tokkyū)

Up For Osaka Namba and Osaka Uehommachi; via Nabari and Yamato-Yagi (Kashihara)
Up For Kyoto; via Yamato-Saidaiji (Nara)
Up For Nagoya; via Tsu and Yokkaichi
Down For Kashikojima
(Seat reservations and limited express fee required.)


 NS  Non-stop Limited Express (ノンストップ特急 nonsutoppu tokkyū)

Up For Osaka Namba
Up For Nagoya
Down For Kashikojima
(Runs once a day on weekdays, three times a day on weekends.)
(Seat reservations and limited express fee required.)

 SV  Premium Express Shimakaze (しまかぜ Shimakaze)[1]

Up For Osaka Namba
Up For Nagoya
Down For Kashikojima
(Runs once a day except on Wednesday with some exceptions.)
(Seat reservations, limited express fee and special vehicle fee required.)

Stations[edit]

Legend
Trains stop here
| Trains do not stop here
Station Japanese Distance (km) Transfers LO LE NS SV Location
Toba 鳥羽 0.0 Sangū Line
Kintetsu Toba Line
Toba Mie Prefecture
Nakanogō 中之郷 1.0 Ise-wan Ferry | | |
Shima-Akasaki 志摩赤崎 2.3 | | |
Funatsu 船津 3.9 | | |
Kamo 加茂 5.5 | | |
Matsuo 松尾 6.9 | | |
Shiraki 白木 7.9 | | |
Gochi 五知 11.0 | | | Shima
Kutsukake 沓掛 12.7 | | |
Kaminogō 上之郷 14.6 | | |
Shima-Isobe 志摩磯部 16.0 |
Anagawa 穴川 17.6 | | |
Shima-Yokoyama 志摩横山 20.4 | | |
Ugata 鵜方 21.3
Shima-Shimmei 志摩神明 23.1 | | |
Kashikojima 賢島 24.5

History[edit]

In the Meiji era, travelers coming to what is now Shima walked along a long-existing route that is now Mie Route 32, the Ise-Isobe road. As the Meiji era was near its end, in 1911, the government-owned Sangū Line (now owned by JR Central) was extended from the city of Ujiyamada (modern-day Ise) to Toba, therefore any plans for a railroad to Shima would assume Toba, not Ujiyamada, as the origin. As the Taishō period began, many plans were put forth by various members of the railroad industry in the 1910s but none were implemented.

Shima Electric Railway[edit]

In 1923, Shima Electric Railway (志摩電気鉄道 Shima Denki Tetsudō?) was established by Kakuya Morimoto, and by 1924 the plan for a railroad to Shima was finally approved. This plan specified Toba Station as the origin and the gauge of the track would be 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) so that the line could connect directly to the Sangū Line (also 1,067 mm) in Toba. The original plan also specified that Ugata Station would be the terminus, however just before construction began, a request was made to members of an already-established railway company, Tokyu Corporation, to see if the plan drawn up by Shima Electric Railway was sound. In the end, the only recommendation made was that the terminus be extended from Ugata to a nearby uninhabited island in Ago Bay called Kashiko Island, citing the island's natural beauty as being an ideal spot to establish a profitable resort and tourism industry to cater to travelers and pilgrims already coming to the area to visit nearby Ise Grand Shrine. Executives at Shima Electric Railway incorporated this suggestion into their plan and decided the line would include two stations on Kashiko Island: Kashikojima Station for tourists, and Shinjukō Station (真珠港駅?, lit: Pearl Port Station), the new terminus, for use as a freight station by the area's marine industry. However, the people living near Ugata, the original terminus, opposed the new plan because they felt having the line's endpoint in their area would bring economic benefit. This period of opposition lasted for four years and during that time people living near Ugata refused to sell the land needed by Shima Electric Railway to lay the tracks leading to Kashiko Island, thereby delaying construction. After an agreement was reached, the line was finally completed and opened in 1929, five years after the original plan had been drafted.

In 1944, Shima Electric Railway, along with six other companies, merged to form Mie Transport (Sanco). Twenty years later, the railway department of Sanco split off to become a separate company called Mie Electric Railway (Sanden), however this organization was short-lived as it was bought up by railway giant Kinki Nippon Railway (Kintetsu) the following year, and thus in 1965 the line came under its current name and ownership.

Kintetsu renovation[edit]

In acquiring the line, Kintetsu now had a problem because the Shima Line, which originated at Toba Station, was not connected with the rest of Kintetsu's extensive rail network which only stetched as far as Ujiyamada Station in Ise. Moreover, the railway gauge and voltage used on the Shima Line were different from the majority of Kintetsu lines, including the nearby Yamada Line which terminated at Ujiyamada. For the time being, Kintetsu offered bus service between Ujiyamada and Toba, but in the late 1960s they decided it was worthwhile to create a rail connection between the two in hopes of attracting customers from the upcoming 1970 World's Fair in Osaka by offering direct rail service to the area. This was the impetus for the construction of the Kintetsu Toba Line, and to make direct service possible between the Shima Line, the under-construction Toba Line, the Yamada Line, and beyond, the Shima Line was closed for four months in late 1969 and early 1970 to change the gauge to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) and double the voltage to 1,500 V DC to match the other Kintetsu lines it would connect with. Other improvements were added such as the ATS system, a new switching network[clarification needed], and gentler curves. The renovated Shima Line and the newly built Toba Line opened together in March 1970, and Kintetsu began running limited express trains from Kintetsu Namba and Kintetsu Nagoya to Kashikojima just in time for the beginning of the World's Fair. The sharp increase of passengers on the line also motivated Kintetsu to invest money in a variety of tourism business enterprises in the Ise-Shima, especially along the Shima Line.

In 1986, it was decided that a second track on the Shima Line would assist in increasing the speed and number of trains on the line. Construction took several years and now most but not all of the line has dual tracks. The Aomine Tunnel between Shiraki and Gochi was also added to the line during this phase.

Timeline[edit]

  • July 23, 1929 - Toba - Kashikojima - Shinjukō section opened by Shima Electric Railway.
  • February 11, 1944 - Shima Electric Railway and six other companies merge to form Mie Transport (Sanco). Line officially renamed Sanco Shima Line.
  • December 1, 1946 - Ugataguchi Station officially renamed to Shima-Yokoyama Station.
  • July 25, 1949 - Shima-Akasaki Station opens.
  • February 1, 1964 - Sanco railway division splits off and forms a new company Mie Electric Railway (Sanden). Line officially renamed Sanden Shima Line.
  • April 1, 1965 - Sanden, and all of its lines, are acquired by Kintetsu. Line officially renamed Kintetsu Shima Line.
  • July 1, 1969 - Freight service along the line ceases and Shinjukō Station closes. Kashikojima becomes endpoint.
  • December 10, 1969 - Shima Line is closed and construction to make various improvements on the line begins.
  • March 1, 1970 - Improvements are finished and the Shima Line reopens, now connected to the rest of the Kintetsu rail network. Shima-Isobe Station renamed Kaminogō; Hasama Station renamed Shima-Isobe. Direct service begins from both Osaka and Nagoya to Kashikojima begins.
  • March 6, 1988 - Second track opens on Ugata to Shima-Shimmei section.
  • December 8, 1990 - Second track opens on Shima-Shimmei to Kashikojima section.
  • November 6, 1992 - Second track opens on Toba to Nakanogō section.
  • December 22, 1992 - Second track opens on Funatsu to Kamo section.
  • April 28, 1993 - Second track opens on Gochi to Kaminogō section.
  • June 1, 1993 - Second track opens on Shima-Isobe to Ugata section.
  • September 11, 1993 - Second track opens on Kamo to Gochi section. Aomine Tunnel completed.
  • September 21, 1993 - Tracks re-routed through Aomine Tunnel on Shiraki to Gochi section. Total line length reduced by 0.7 km.
  • May 30, 2001 - Wanman driver-only operation begins.

References[edit]

External links[edit]