Kir–Abbaian languages

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Southern Eastern Sudanic
Sudan, South Sudan, Eritrea, Chad, Nubia
Linguistic classification: Nilo-Saharan?
Glottolog: None

The Kir–Abbaian, Southern Eastern Sudanic, or Eastern n Sudanic languages form one of two primary divisions of the Eastern Sudanic languages. They are characterized by having an /n/ in the pronoun "I/me", as opposed to the Astaboran (Northern) languages, which have a /k/. The best known Kir–Abbaian language group, as well as the largest, is Nilotic, which includes such languages as Maasai.


  • M. L. Bender, 2000. "Nilo-Saharan". In Bernd Heine and Derek Nurse, eds., African Languages: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.