|Parliamentary Constituency||Kyaddondo East|
|• Mayor||Mamerito Mugerwa|
|• Member of Parliament||Ibrahim Ssemujju Nganda |
|•||38.16 sq mi (98.83 km2)|
|Elevation||3,900 ft (1,190 m)|
|Population (2014 Census)|
|• Density||4,712/sq mi (1,819.3/km2)|
Kira Town, a municipality in the Wakiso District of the Central Region of Uganda, is the country's second-largest city by population. It is administered by Kira Town Council, an urban local government within Wakiso District.
- 1 Location
- 2 Administration
- 3 Population
- 4 Economic activities
- 5 Sites of interest
- 6 Infrastructure
- 7 Prominent people
- 8 Photos
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Kira Town is bordered by Gayaza to the north, Mukono to the east, Lake Victoria to the south, the city of Kampala to the west, and Kasangati to the northwest. The coordinates of the town are:00 24 00N, 32 38 24E (Latitude:0.4000; Longitude:32.6400). The town lies approximately 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) northeast of the central business district of the city of Kampala, Uganda’s capital and largest city. The total area of the town is 98.83 square kilometres (24,420 acres) or 38.15 square miles (9,880 ha).
Kira Town is divided into six administrative units called wards. These are:
The political head of the town is the mayor elected to a five-year term by universal adult suffrage across the six wards. The supreme policy-making organ is the Town Council, composed of 24 elected councilors. The technical staff of the municipality is headed by the town clerk, under whom there are several municipal departments.
- 2002 census
Kira Town is the largest town council (municipality) in Uganda by population. The town is the second-largest urban center in the country, after Kampala, the national capital. The national census in 2002 estimated Kira’s population to be 140,774 people, of whom 67,222 (47.8 percent) were males and 73,548 (52.2 percent) were females. The 2002 census gave the following figures for each of the six wards:
|Number||Ward||Males||Females||Total||% of Total|
- 2002 to 2013
According to the 2002 national census, the population of Kira Town was about 140,800. In 2010, the Uganda Bureau of Statistics (UBOS) estimated the population of the town at 172,300. In 2011, UBOS estimated the mid-year population of Kira Town at about 179,800. However, the town planner estimated the population of the town to be much higher.
- 2014 and later
In August 2014, the national population census put Kira Town's population at 313,761.
- Population trends
The population of Kira Town has grown at a relatively rapid rate, compared to the national average over the last decade. Part of the rapid growth is attributable to the town's proximity to the city of Kampala, whose population was 1,516,210 in 2014. Kira serves as a bedroom community for Kampala.
Many women in the town engage in such activities as hair care, road-side groceries, market vending, restaurants, and health care clinics. Men are mainly engaged in wholesale and retail merchandising, taxi driving, and boda boda (motorcycle and bicycle) for-hire transportation. Increasingly, residents of Kira Town are employed in salaried and non-salaried positions in the city of Kampala and return to Kira in the evenings to sleep. The Kampala Industrial and Business Park, an 894 hectares (2,210 acres) business development park developed by the Uganda Investment Authority at a cost of about US$200 million, is located at Namanve in Bweyogerere Ward in extreme southeastern Kira Town.
Sites of interest
Basilica of the Uganda Martyrs at Namugongo
The Catholic Basilica of the Uganda Martyrs has been built at Namugongo, located in Kyaliwajjala Ward, where the majority of the twenty two Catholic Uganda Martyrs (now Saints) were burned alive on the orders of Ssekabaka Mwanga II in the late 19th century. An Anglican shrine, administered by the Church of Uganda, is located about 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), east of the Catholic Basilica, at the site where another group of Martyrs were murdered for their beliefs.
Kabaka’s Palace at Kireka
Mandela National Stadium
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (May 2015)|
Kira Town has five health centers, four of which are level II. Plans are underway to upgrade the one Level III Health Center at Kira into Kira Hospital. When fully developed, Kira Hospital will have an outpatient department, a maternity ward, a children’s ward, and an adult inpatient ward. It will serve as a referral center for the other four outlying municipal health centers in the town. Kira Municipality is working together with the American NGO Ugandan American Development Coalition Inc. to realize this goal. On average, about 100 outpatients per day are seen at each of the five municipal health centers, bringing the total to approximately 500 patients daily throughout the municipality.
Road construction and maintenance
In 2006, the road network in the town totalled 220 kilometres (140 mi), of which only 9.4 kilometres (5.8 mi) (4.3 percent) were tarmacked. The acquisition of a grader in 2006 was expected to assist in maintaining the network. More of the municipality roads need to be tarmacked. In 2009, a second, brand new tractor-grader was purchased by the Town Council at a cost of approximately US$300,000. At its inaugural ceremony, it was announced that the equipment will be used 60 percent of the time in Kira Town. The remaining 40 percent of the time it will be rented out to neighboring jurisdictions to raise funds for its maintenance. Between 2006 and 2009, a total of 17.5 kilometres (10.9 mi) of roads within the town were covered with bitumen for the first time, bringing the total of road-miles in the town that are tarmacked to 27 kilometres (17 mi) (12.2 percent).
The Kampala Northern Bypass Highway
The Kampala Northern Bypass Highway, also referred to as the Northern Bypass, is the first dual-carriage interstate highway to be built in Uganda. It forms an incomplete circle around the northeast, north, and northwest of the city of Kampala. The northern and eastern portion of the highway traverses Bweyogerere and Kireka wards, in Kira Town.
Solid waste management
The municipality has acquired a 5 acres (2.0 ha) property for the construction of a modern, environmentally safe waste management facility. Efforts are underway to obtain garbage trucks and waste disposal bins and skips. The municipality welcomes willing stakeholders who can partner with the town to create a safe, sanitary, and environmentally safe garbage disposal system for the town.
Other public health issues
The Public Health Department of Kira Town is determined to improve the living conditions of its citizens, through detailed attention to sanitation, provision of safe drinking water, safe disposal of human and other waste, and the maintenance of hygiene in schools, markets, and other public places. Plans are underway to formulate minimum acceptable hygiene standards for private and public buildings and open spaces.
Kira Town Council is actively engaged in devising ways to create gainful employment for all citizens who are capable of working. There are efforts at Council level to provide adult literacy classes to those adults who are willing and able to learn. Efforts are underway to assist citizens in starting income-producing activities like poultry farming, small animal husbandry, brick-laying, carpentry, crafts manufacture, growing mushrooms and other vegetables.
Kira Town is home to over 150 elementary schools, of which about thirty are government schools and the rest are privately owned. There are over 60 secondary schools, 10 of which are government schools and the rest being private. These schools face multiple challenges, including insufficient classroom space, insufficient accommodation for teachers, insufficient food supplies, inadequate or outdated textbooks, and lack of modern electronic communications.
In January 2011, Shimoni Primary Teachers’ Training College opened at Kitikifumba in Kira Municipality. The college, formerly located on Nakasero Hill, was established by the British government in collaboration with the Indian Goan community in 1952. In 2007, the former location was sold to an investor to construct the thirty-story luxury Kampala Intercontinental Hotel. The new location in Kira Town occupies 25 acres (10 ha). The facilities can accommodate approximately 450 students and teaching staff. The new college cost approximately US$4 million (UGX:8 billion) to build.
In 2011, St. Augustine International University (SAIU), a private, multi-campus university, received a provisional license from the Uganda National Council for Higher Education. SAIU is one of a number of private universities accredited between 2010 and 2014. It maintains a campus at Namugongo, where it hosts its College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine.
- Professor Arthur Sserwanga - Accountant, entrepreneur and academic administrator, is a native son. Vice chancellor of Muteesa I Royal University.
- Professor Hakim Sendagire - Physician, microbiologist, biochemist, and academic administrator. Dean of Habib Medical School. His mother traces her roots to Kira Town.
- Frank Sseguya Matovu, MBChB, DTM&H, MPH - Family physician, public health specialist, and community leader. One of the founders of the Ugandan North American Association. First president of the Ugandan North American Medical Society, from 1998 until 2002. Both his grandfathers settled here in the early 1900s. His paternal grandfather hailed from Naluggi, in Mityana District, while his maternal grandfather hailed from Bulamba in Luweero District. He was born here, his parents having settled in the area in the early 1940s.
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