Kirandul

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Kirandul
town
Kirandul is located in Chhattisgarh
Kirandul
Kirandul
Coordinates: 18°37′16″N 81°16′54″E / 18.62111°N 81.28163°E / 18.62111; 81.28163Coordinates: 18°37′16″N 81°16′54″E / 18.62111°N 81.28163°E / 18.62111; 81.28163
Country India[1]
State Chhattisgarh
District Dantewada
Elevation 540 m (1,770 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 19,053
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Chhattisgarhi
 • Other Gondi, Telugu, Koya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 494556[2]
Telephone code +91(0)-7857
Vehicle registration CG-18
Website dantewada.gov.in

Kirandul is a city and a municipality in the Dantewada district[3] in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh.It is a twin township consisting of Kirandul and Bade Bacheli of Bailadila region.Bailadila means "hump of the ox", and the mountain range here has peaks that look like the humps of an ox.[4]

It is a vibrant town with NMDC colony, bus stand, railway station, Millenium Colony, Government Hospital and a college. Kirandul used to have a satellite township called Kailashnagar.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[5] Kirandul had a population of 19,053. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kirandul has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 65%: male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 74%. In Kirandul, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Region[edit]

This region is basically a plateau.[6] Bailadila range of hills are located at a distance of about 40 km south west of Dantewada, the district headquarters in Chhattisgarh State. The area falls in Toposheet No. 65 F/1, F/2, F/5 & 65 F/6[7] and is located between latitude 18 degree 35 minute 48 second and 18 degree 38 minute 30 second and longitude 81 degree 13 minute 22 second and 81 degree 16minute.It has an altitude of 540 metres above sea level.High quality Iron-ore deposits are available in this region.There are number of perennial streams flowing from the hills and the entire region is a part of the Godavari Basin with the tributaries Indravati river and Sabari river

Climate[edit]

Bailadila region enjoys mild summer and winter is not severe. The maximum temperature in summer rises up to 40 degree celsius between May & June whereas minimum temperature in winter drops to 10 degree celsius. The area receives heavy rains during monsoon from June to October. Weather during rainy season is stormy accompanied by gales and the hilltops are covered with thick clouds and dense fog, which reduces visibility.

Climate data for kirandul, India
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.9
(91.2)
35.9
(96.6)
39.6
(103.3)
42.5
(108.5)
44.8
(112.6)
42.6
(108.7)
35.9
(96.6)
33.4
(92.1)
34.0
(93.2)
33.9
(93)
33.0
(91.4)
31.5
(88.7)
44.8
(112.6)
Average high °C (°F) 28.2
(82.8)
30.9
(87.6)
34.9
(94.8)
37.2
(99)
38.1
(100.6)
33.4
(92.1)
28.6
(83.5)
28.4
(83.1)
29.6
(85.3)
29.9
(85.8)
28.2
(82.8)
27.2
(81)
31.2
(88.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
26.9
(80.4)
30.0
(86)
31.2
(88.2)
28.5
(83.3)
25.7
(78.3)
25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
24.7
(76.5)
21.7
(71.1)
19.5
(67.1)
25.2
(77.37)
Average low °C (°F) 11.6
(52.9)
14.3
(57.7)
18.5
(65.3)
22.2
(72)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
22.3
(72.1)
22.2
(72)
22
(72)
19.6
(67.3)
14.9
(58.8)
11.1
(52)
18.9
(66)
Record low °C (°F) 2.8
(37)
7.0
(44.6)
8.3
(46.9)
14.8
(58.6)
17.0
(62.6)
14.3
(57.7)
18.3
(64.9)
19.3
(66.7)
17.4
(63.3)
11.0
(51.8)
5.9
(42.6)
4.4
(39.9)
2.8
(37)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.1
(0.358)
15.6
(0.614)
16
(0.63)
51.1
(2.012)
73.2
(2.882)
239.6
(9.433)
369.4
(14.543)
377.5
(14.862)
236.9
(9.327)
101.1
(3.98)
24.3
(0.957)
7.7
(0.303)
1,521.5
(59.902)
Avg. rainy days 0.8 1.5 1.6 4.5 6.8 13.8 20.5 21.1 15.4 6.8 2.2 0.6 95.6
 % humidity 59 51 42 43 47 69 84 86 82 74 68 65 64.2
Source: Weatherbase[8]

People[edit]

Kirandul and Bastar-region in general was a home for the aboriginal people.The area is inhabited by several tribal groups, including Maria, Muria, Dhurwa, Halba, Bhatra, and Gonds. They are renowned for their artistic excellence and produce outstanding terracotta, bell metal and bamboo-craft artisans.Later people from other parts of the country moved on.

History[edit]

Kirandul falls in the Dandakaranya region-the forests of Dandak. Lord Rama, Goddess Sita and Lakshman (Ji) stayed in many places in the Dandakaranya (like Chitrakoot). Kirandul is in the Dakshin Bastar Dantewada District. There is also a Town called Dantewada about 40 km from Kirandul. Dantewada has a temple known as Danteshwari Temple. This was the place where [Goddess Sati's teeth was found. Also near the temple there is a big slab where footmarks of Lord Rama are marked in a stone. It is believed that someone created it when Lord Rama came there. It is also documented in the Ramayana that Lord Rama loved the Dandakaranya forest life more than any other place he lived.Lord Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, is reputed to have taken shelter here during his 14 years of exile. At various times, the region has been ruled by the Nags, Satavahanas, Nalas and Chalukyas. Traces of Buddhism and Jainism dating back to the 3rd century AD can be seen here.

The Commercial discovery of Bailadila dates back to 1955-56 when Prof. Euemura of Japanese Steel Mills Association,[9] studying the memoirs of Geological Survey of India, drew the attention of the Japanese Steel Mills to the richness of the vast deposits of iron ore and its proximity to the Eastern Coast of India. Later an agreement had been signed with the Japanese Steel Mills in 1960.[10] An approval of the project report prepared by NMDC was given in 1964 and the Mine Plant had been inaugurated on November 1968.Later on, National Mineral Development Corporation, with help of Japan set up the first iron ore plant in Kirandul.

Kirandul was a crucial part of the princely state of Bastar before India attained independence. This city prospered under the reign of King Annama Deva, the brother of Kakatiya king Pratapa Rudra Deva of Warangal (Andhra Pradesh). During the 19th century, the city came under the administration of the British rule. It was included as part of Central Provinces and Berar for the ease of British administration. Eventually, it was acceded to the Indian Union on January 1, 1948, and the city became a part of the bastar district of Madhya Pradesh and later in 2000, it was included in the newly formed Chhattisgarh state.[11]

Festivals[edit]

Chhattisgarhi People are great devotees of Lord Rama and Mother Sita. They are known to celebrate Ganesh Puja, Ramalila, Dusshera, Deepawali, Holi, Christmas Janmashtami and other festivals. Bengalis celebrate Durga Puja. (Bengali Cultural Association).[12] There are other associations like Andhra Association, Kerala Association and Chatthisgarhi club. There is a Rama Temple, Kali Temple, Shiva Temple, few Churches and two Mosques.The People Of Kirandul Go To The Temple Of Danteshwari. During The Season Of Navaratri bare feeted To please the Goddess so that she can fulfill their wishes.

Tourism[edit]

Kirandul is an ideal destination for nature lovers, with its innumerable waterfalls, dense forests and variety of flora and fauna. Some important places to see when you visit is Malangir waterfalls, Double stone picnic spot, Double waterfall, Chitrakoot Falls, Kutumsar caves, Kailash caves and Teerathgarh Falls.

Mining[edit]

The iron ore mines here are also an important tourist attraction. Run by the Navratna Organization,'NMDC',[13] these mines operate with the latest technology and hi-tech machinery. However, one needs to obtain permit to visit the mines, which can be done by requesting the NMDC office.The Bailadila iron ore range extends for a length of 40 km with a width of about 10 km mostly along the top of hill,which constitute one of the richest concentration of iron-ore of world. The range contains 1200 million tonnes of high grade [iron ore] distributed in 14 deposits.14 reserves have been discovered, of which 3 are being mined. The entire area was brought to the mainstream of civilisation by the spectacular effort of NMDC by opening-up of mines. Today, Bailadila is a name to reckon with in the world iron ore market because of its super high-grade iron ore.[14] Bailadila complex possesses the world’s best grade of hard lumpy ore having +66% iron content, free from sulphur and other deleterious material and the best physical properties needed for steel making.[15]

The NMDC Mines Include 11-C and 11-B (under construction) and Deposit 14. The iron ore is here processed through different sophisticated equipments like gyratory crushers,double deck vibrating screens, spiral classifiers (wet method)etc.

Educational Institutions[edit]


Main Colleges in district

  • Government Engineering College, Jagdalpur
  • Surya College, Jagdalpur
  • Post graduate (P.G.) College,Jagdalpur
  • Danteshwari College
  • Government Medical College, Maharani Hospital, Jagdalpur.
  • Bastar Medical College of Alternative Medicines, Jagdalpur
  • Christ college jagdalpur
  • Bodhni Devi Nursing Institute, Jagdalpur

In town:

  • Prakash Vidyalaya (Convent)
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya <http://www.kvkirandul.com/>
  • BIOP Sr. Secondary School, Kirandul Complex(NMDC + Govt)
  • DAV PUBLIC Higher Secondary School (E&H.med.)
  • State Sponsored School
  • Govt. Arvind College providing Bachelor and Masters Degree

Healthcare[edit]

BIOP Kirandul Complex Government Hospital. This NMDC-sponsored and maintained hospital provides free medical attention to all the NMDC employees, their kin, and the tribals of the area. The hospital has the latest medical equipment and is upgraded frequently by the government.

Transport[edit]

Kirandul is easily accessible and well connected to Raipur, Visakhapatnam and Hyderabad by all-weather roads. It can also be reached by rail from Visakhapatnam.There is regular iron ore movement from this sector to Visakhapatnam port by rail.[16] The K-K line[17] from Viśakhapatnam to Kirandul via Araku is laid through eastern ghats. Up to Araku station it is having many tunnels. Also it pass through South India's highest elevation Broad gauge station, Similiguda, just before Borra caves(Officially,under Odisha Government).Kirandul - Kottavalasa Railroad[18] is the record high Broad Gauge line in India.Araku Valley lies in this route.

Regular bus service is available from Raipur and Bhilai as well as from Hyderabad, vizag, and other states like Odisha. The bus services include Payal Travels to Raipur, ARMT To Hyderabad And Visakhapatnam and Odisha, Rajdhani Travels To Bilaspur.

Road distance[edit]

Distance from major places to Kirandul in kilometres.

City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km) City/Town Distance (km)
Vizag 345 Korba 617 Bilaspur 497 Janjgir 555 Durg 349
Hyderabad 441 Dantewada 41 Jagdalpur 125 Raipur (State Capital) 385

Air transport[edit]

There is an airport at Jagdalpur but no scheduled services are currently run to or from here. The airport is predominantly used by political leaders and insurgency operation related activities by the army and the police. The nearest airport is Raipur Airport in the capital city of Raipur and Visakhapatnam Airport, Andhra Pradesh.[19]

Communication services[edit]

Kirandul has a well-connected communication network. Fixed telephones lines are available. Internet services are available both wired and wireless broadband. It is also well covered in mobile networks with all major cellular providers like Airtel, Vodafone, IDEA, BSNL are available here.

See also[edit]

1.Bastar
2.Dantewada

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Portal of India
  2. ^ Postal Codes and Zip Codes Database - PostCodesDB
  3. ^ Distrct Dantewada Chhattisgarh - General Profile
  4. ^ [1][dead link]
  5. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  6. ^ The Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society - Google Books
  7. ^ http://www.novamining.com/mining-database/state-wise-data/india-mining-chhattisgarh/bailadila-iron-ore-mines/
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Kirandul, India". Weatherbase. Retrieved 12 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Forbes India Magazine - Why Japanese Steel Companies Are In India
  10. ^ NMDC Ltd. - Director Reports - money.livemint.com
  11. ^ History of Kirandul City Chhattisgarh Origin-Background-Significance
  12. ^ Kirandul | Kirandul Online | Kirandul News | Kirandul Weather | Kirandul (Chhattisgarh)
  13. ^ Buy NMDC; target Rs 138: ICICIdirect.com - Moneycontrol.com
  14. ^ Railways hopes to make hay while sun shines - The Times of India
  15. ^ http://www.cpcb.nic.in/upload/NewItems/NewItem_105_iron_ore_mining_31.07.08.pdf
  16. ^ Waltair Division revenue crosses Rs. 5,000-crore mark - The Hindu
  17. ^ Indian Railways - Google Books
  18. ^ Kottavalasa-kirandul
  19. ^ Maps, Google. "Distance". Retrieved 18 October 2012. 

External links[edit]