|Nickname(s): Hobo Capital of Texas |
Location of Kirby, Texas
|• City Council||Mayor Timothy Wilson
Lisa B. Pierce
|• City Manager||Monique Vernon|
|• Total||1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2)|
|• Land||1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||686 ft (209 m)|
|• Density||4,641.1/sq mi (1,792.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1339154|
Kirby is a city in Bexar County, Texas, United States. It is an enclave of San Antonio and is part of the San Antonio Metropolitan Statistical Area. Founded as an agricultural settlement along the Southern Pacific railroad, the city was transformed into a suburban community upon its incorporation in 1955. The population of 8,000 (2010 census) is made up of diverse individuals with numerous backgrounds. German, Hispanic, and hobo elements have all affected the overall culture of the city.
Kirby is located at (29.461032, -98.388763).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2), of which, 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (1.58%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,673 people, 2,975 households, and 2,317 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,641.1 people per square mile (1,790.7/km²). There were 3,137 housing units at an average density of 1,678.7/sq mi (647.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.27% White, 14.56% African American, 0.53% Native American, 2.06% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 14.83% from other races, and 3.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 41.69% of the population.
There were 2,975 households out of which 39.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 18.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.92 and the average family size was 3.29.
In the city the population was spread out with 30.3% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 9.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females there were 95.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $38,919, and the median income for a family was $42,329. Males had a median income of $28,699 versus $22,086 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,615. About 8.9% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.1% of those under age 18 and 7.0% of those age 65 or over.
Kirby was founded as an agricultural community by German immigrants in the early 1900s. Its name derived from the Kirby yard of the Southern Pacific Railroad that crossed through the town. In 1920 the population was around 18 people, made up of mostly farmers. At this time German was a commonly spoken language.
In the 1950s, the composition of the city shifted from mostly agricultural to military as individuals settled in homes to commute to work at Randolph AFB. The population grew to 600 at this point, and German was less commonly spoken. In 1955 the city was incorporated. A two-year long drought began in 1957, which ultimately caused many farm failures. Unable to make a profit, the farmers decided to sell their land to the city. Homes and roads were constructed on the purchased land, and the city was further transformed into the suburban area it is today.
Kirby is characterized as a "home rule" city as permitted under Texas law. The city can govern itself, and mandate ordinances and actions as long as they do not infringe on state or federal law. The government is set up by the 1988 City Charter that calls for a legislative body of six members (City Council) and a Mayor that heads the legislative body and represents the city. The current mayor is Timothy Wilson. The charter also identifies a city manager to be directed by the council, and accountable for the operation of the city.
Residents of Kirby are zoned to Judson Independent School District.
They are zoned to :
Kirby is located in eastern Bexar County. The northern and southern sections of the city differ both in culture and appearance. The city has a large community sector and much support for the city comes from the public. Kirby takes full advantage of its natural resources found both in the neighborhoods and the agricultural sector alike.
The northern section of the city comprises Kirby Middle School, Old Seguin Road, FM 78, Gibbs Sprawl as well as the Southern Pacific railroad tracks. Because of the railroad tracks, Kirby has been dubbed "The hobo capital of Texas" because of its large population of homeless people living under the 410 overpass. It is because of this that the city held its first annual "hobo festival" during the first weekend of May 2008, including a "hobo parade" through the streets of Kirby. Kirby Manor and the Old Town neighborhoods are included in this area.
The southern section of the city contains Hopkins Elementary School named after longtime principal Joseph Hopkins. This area of the city is divided between a strictly agricultural sector between Hopkins Elementary and Candlewood Elementary and the homes of the astronaut streets on the other side of Binz Engleman. Ackerman is the main road here; it leads to Interstate 10.
Kirby is characterized as strictly a suburban area of San Antonio and because of this, the city hall discourages small business. Kirby has its own fire and police departments. The City Hall is located on Bauman St it is also where Kirby Municipal Court is located. The Police Department and New Fire Station are located on Ackerman Rd. The city has two parks on both sides of Binz Engleman separated by Ackerman. The western half of the park consists of mostly baseball fields, and the eastern section is accommodated with a full range of recreational activities.
Kirby is a major producer of pecans, which grow there naturally. Pecans produce in large quantities between September and November except for some trees, which do not produce every four years. 1996, 2000, and 2004 were all years when the pecan production was extremely low. It is projected that 2008 will also have low levels of production. Rosillo Creek is the main stream in Kirby; it once provided the farmers in the agricultural sector with water to irrigate their crops. The creek flows from under the railroad tracks on Gibbs Sprawl Road and further downstream divides Hopkins and Candlewood Elementaries before dispensing towards Interstate 10.
The Neighborhoods of Kirby can be placed under three categories: Kirby Manor, Old Town, Kirby Terrace, and the Springfield Manor (Astronaut Streets).
Kirby Manor is located within Old Seguin Road to its north, Ackerman Road to its east and Binz Engleman to its south. The houses of Kirby Manor were built between the 1950s and 1960s. The citizens are a mix of the native settlers in this area and the newer crowd of young people moving in from other San Antonio suburbs and urban areas to start a life. Kirby Manor's proximity to the police station on Ackerman is the main reason why this area has a lower crime rate than the other areas of Kirby.
Old Town is located between Old Seguin Road and FM 78. Its eastern and western boundaries include Gibbs Sprawl Road and Kirby Middle School, respectively. This is the area where the first homes of Kirby were built. The area is also where Kirby City Hall, Kirby Post Office and the Kirby Fire Department are located. The inhabitants of this area are increasingly becoming younger as the older citizens die off, but there is still a large elderly population.
The Springfield Manor (Astronaut Streets) is the southernmost section of Kirby. The area is given this name due to the streets, which are named after famous Astronauts. This is the newest section of Kirby and has a large young population. To its north is FM 78, to its south is Ackerman Road, to its west is Springfield and to its east is Binz Engleman.
Kirby Terrace is across from Kirby Elementary, bordered on one side by Ackerman Road.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Lopez, Raquel.Small Town Research Project, Palo Alto College, 2006-05-31.
- City of Kirby, April 10, 2008
- Northeast Herald, March 20, 2008
- City of Kirby November 6, 2007