Cyril of Beloozero

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Icon of St. Cyril, presulably by Dionisius Glushitsky (1424). The Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow.

Cyril of Beloozero (Cyril of Beloezero, Russian: Кирилл Бело(е)зерский - Kirill Belo(e)zersky; 1337 – 1427) was a monk and saint of the Russian Orthodox Church who lived in the 15th century. Saint Cyril was a disciple of Saint Sergius of Radonezh. In 1397, he founded the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery in Northern Russia, in the present-day Vologda Oblast.

Biography[edit]

Cyril was born as Kosma in Moscow in 1337. Hi origin is not entirely clear, but he was in any case close to the boyar family of Velyaminov. Cyril's parents died when he was a child. Around 1380 he became a monk in the Simonov Monastery and took the name of Cyril (Kirill).[1] In the monastery, he got in contact with Sergius of Radonezh. In 1387, the archimandrite of the Simonov Monastery, Feodor, was appointed a bishop of Rostov, and Cyril became his successor. However, he soon realized that the position of archimadrite requires too much involvement in public relations, and first resigned, then moved to a neighboring monastery as an ordinary monk, and then decided to move to a deserted place where he could pray in rest. Together with St. Therapont, previously the monk of the same monastery, Cyril left for Lake Beloye. On arrival, following the advice of Sergius of Radonezh, he first dug a cave, and then built a wooden Assumption chapel and a loghouse for other monks. Therapont, who found the restriction imposed by Cyril too strict, left within a year and founded nearby the Ferapontov Monastery. In what became Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, Cyril established a very strict order.[1]

The monastery grew and later became the largest monastery of Northern Russia. Cyril, as the first hegumen, arranged purchases of large areas of land by the monastery.[1]

Cyril of White Lake died in the monastery in 1427, at the age of ninety.

At present there are several churches in Russia bearing the name of Cyril.

His day is marked by Russian Orthodox Church on June 9.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Голубинский, Евгений Евсигнеевич. "Преподобный Кирилл Белозерский" (in Russian). Голубинский. Настоящая история Церкви. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Orthodox Calendar, Saint Herman Press Calendar,Orthodox Liturgical Calendar of The St. John of Kronstadt Press, Holy Trinity Orthodox Church, Baltimore MD
  3. ^ "Преподобный Кирилл, игумен Белоезерский", Orthodox Calendar, Pravoslavie.RU, in Russian