Kirillov (town)

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Kirillov (English)
Кириллов (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Хлебозавод (Кириллов).jpg
Bread-making factory in Kirillov
Map of Russia - Vologda Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vologda Oblast in Russia
Kirillov is located in Vologda Oblast
Kirillov
Kirillov
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Kirillov in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°51′N 38°23′E / 59.850°N 38.383°E / 59.850; 38.383Coordinates: 59°51′N 38°23′E / 59.850°N 38.383°E / 59.850; 38.383
Kirillov Coat Of Arms.png
Flag of Kirillov (Vologda oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of June 2012)
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kirillovsky District[1]
Town of district significance Kirillov[2]
Administrative center of Kirillovsky District,[1] town of district significance of Kirillov[2]
Municipal status (as of July 2012)
Municipal district Kirillovsky Municipal District[3]
Urban settlement Kirillov Urban Settlement[3]
Administrative center of Kirillovsky Municipal District,[3] Kirillov Urban Settlement[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 7,728 inhabitants[4]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1397[6]
Town status since 1776[6]
Postal code(s)[7] 161100, 161101
Dialing code(s) +7 81757[citation needed]
Kirillov on WikiCommons

Kirillov (Russian: Кири́ллов) is a town and the administrative center of Kirillovsky District in Vologda Oblast, Russia, located on the shores of Lakes Siverskoye and Dolgoye, 129 kilometers (80 mi) northwest of Vologda, the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 7,728 (2010);[4] 8,229 (2002);[8] 8,817 (1989).[9]

History[edit]

In the 13th century, the territory on which Kirillov now stands was a part of the Principality of Beloozero, which was taken over by the Grand Duchy of Moscow in the 14th century.[citation needed] In 1397, St. Cyril of White Lake, a monk and a disciple of St. Sergius of Radonezh, founded the Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery on the shore of Lake Siverskoye.[6] A monastic sloboda, from which the town later grew, developed around the monastery.[6] The monastery was subordinate to Archbishops of Rostov.[citation needed] In the 15th–17th centuries, the monastery developed into one of the most influential monasteries in Russia.[6] It also helped that the Sheksna River was one of the most heavily used waterways connecting central and northern Russia.[citation needed] At some point, the monastery was the second biggest landowner after the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius.[citation needed] Vasili III of Russia, the Grand Prince of Moscow, and Ivan the Terrible, the Tsar, visited the monastery on several occasions.[citation needed]

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the territory was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate).[citation needed] In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off.[10] The territory became a part of Charondsky Uyezd of Belozersk Province of Novgorod Governorate.[citation needed] In 1776, the territory was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty.[citation needed] At the same time, Kirillov was chartered and became the seat of Kirillovsky Uyezd.[citation needed] In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished and the territory was transferred to Novgorod Governorate.[citation needed] Kirillovsky Uyezd was abolished as well; however, it was reestablished in 1802.[citation needed]

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Kirillovsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets.[11] On August 1, 1927 Cherepovets Governorate was abolished and its territory became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast.[11] At the same time, uyezds were abolished and Kirillovsky District was established.[11] On September 23, 1937, Kirillovsky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.[11]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kirillov serves as the administrative center of Kirillovsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated within Kirillovsky District as the town of district significance of Kirillov.[2]

As a municipal division, the town of district significance of Kirillov, together with two rural localities in Sukhoverkhovsky Selsoviet of Kirillovsky District, is incorporated within Kirillovsky Municipal District as Kirillov Urban Settlement.[3]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

There are enterprises of timber industry and food industry.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Kirillov is connected by all-seasonal roads with Vologda, Cherepovets, Belozersk, and Vytegra. There are also local roads.

The Volga–Baltic Waterway (formerly known as the Mariinsk Canal System), connecting the Rybinsk Reservoir in the basin of the Volga with Lake Onega in the basin of the Neva, runs several kilometers from Kirillov, following the course of the Sheksna River.

In the southern part of the town, one of the locks of the Northern Dvina Canal is located. The canal connects Lake Kubenskoye in the basin of the Northern Dvina with the Sheksna River, thus connecting the basins of the White Sea and the Volga. In the 19th century, the canal was the main waterway connecting the Volga with the White Sea. However, in the 1930s the White Sea – Baltic Canal was built and the Northern Dvina Canal lost its significance. The canal is still in operation, serving cargo traffic and occasional cruise ships moving from the Sheksna to Lake Kubenskoye.

Tourism[edit]

The economy of Kirillov is mainly tourist-oriented. Kirillov has been a tourist attraction since the Soviet times.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery as seen from Lake Siverskoye
The Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan outside the walls of the monastery

The Kirillo-Belozersky Monastery, located in the town, is a fortified ensemble built in the 15th and the 16th centuries. It also hosts the Kirillo-Belozersky Museum of History, Art, and Architecture[12]—an umbrella institution governing all museums in Kirillovsky District. The monastery has been designated as a cultural heritage monument of federal significance.[13] Kirillov also preserved the historical center and the town hosts seventy-seven cultural heritage monuments, including buildings both in and outside of the monastery.

Notable people[edit]

Russian mathematician Dmitry Grave was born in Kirillov in 1863, although he spent his career elsewhere.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Resolution #178
  2. ^ a b c Law #371-OZ
  3. ^ a b c d e Law #1116-OD
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ a b c d e f Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. p. 191. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9. 
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Снытко, О. В.; et al. (2009). С. Д. Трифонов, Т. Б. Чуйкова, Л. В. Федина, А. Э. Дубоносова, ed. Административно-территориальное деление Новгородской губернии и области 1727-1995 гг. Справочник (in Russian). Saint Petersburg. p. 16. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  11. ^ a b c d "Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917–1991)" (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  12. ^ "Кирилло-Белозерский историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник" (in Russian). Кирилло-Белозерский историко-архитектурный и художественный музей-заповедник. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 
  13. ^ "Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации" (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved November 3, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1116-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Кирилловского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1116-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Kirillovsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations It Comprises, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]