Kirensk

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Kirensk (English)
Киренск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Irkutsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Irkutsk Oblast in Russia
Kirensk is located in Irkutsk Oblast
Kirensk
Kirensk
Location of Kirensk in Irkutsk Oblast
Coordinates: 57°47′N 108°05′E / 57.783°N 108.083°E / 57.783; 108.083Coordinates: 57°47′N 108°05′E / 57.783°N 108.083°E / 57.783; 108.083
Coat of Arms of Kirensk (Irkutsk oblast) (1790).png
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of July 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Irkutsk Oblast[1]
Administrative district Kirensky District[2]
Administrative center of Kirensky District[3]
Municipal status (as of November 2013)
Municipal district Kirensky Municipal District[4]
Urban settlement Kirenskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Administrative center of Kirenskoye Urban Settlement[4]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 12,640 inhabitants[5]
Time zone IRKT (UTC+09:00)[6]
Founded 1630[citation needed]
Town status since 1775[citation needed]
Previous names Nikolsky pogost (until 1665),[citation needed]
Kirensky Ostrog[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 666700–666703, 666705
Dialing code(s) +7 39568[citation needed]
Kirensk on WikiCommons

Kirensk (Russian: Киренск; IPA: [ˈkʲirʲɪnsk]) is a town and the administrative center of Kirensky District in Irkutsk Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Kirenga and Lena Rivers, 950 kilometers (590 mi) north of Irkutsk,[2] the administrative center of the oblast. Population: 12,640 (2010 Census);[5] 13,712 (2002 Census);[8] 16,137 (1989 Census).[9]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1630 by the Cossacks under Vasily Bugor as a winter settlement called Nikolsky pogost.[citation needed] Along with Ust-Kut, it was one of the two main portages between the Yenesei and Lena basins. In the 1630s, Yerofey Khabarov ran a salt works here. In 1665, it was renamed Kirensky Ostrog. In 1775, it was granted town status.[citation needed] In the 19th century, a large number of political prisoners were forcibly resettled here, among whom was Józef Piłsudski. Under Stalin there was a GULAG transit camp. In 1991, over eighty bodies were found buried in the basement of the former NKVD building. All were said to have been killed on a single day in 1938 and all were killed by blows on the head, apparently to hide the noise. During the construction of the Baikal–Amur Mainline, goods were shipped up the Kirenga to Magistralny. In the 1970s, a dam was built across one mouth of the Kirenga (the place was originally an island) to reduce flooding and ice jams. In 2001, there was a major flood.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kirensk serves as the administrative center of Kirensky District,[3] to which it is directly subordinated.[2] As a municipal division, the town of Kirensk, together with nine rural localities in Kirensky District, is incorporated within Kirensky Municipal District as Kirenskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

Economy[edit]

Transportation[edit]

There is ship transport along the Lena in summer and an airport, but no railroad, and no proper road link to the rest of Russia. The port is used to transfer goods to smaller ships going further up the Lena.

The town is served by the Kirensk Airport. During World War II, it was a staging point for American aircraft transferred to Russia via Alaska.

Climate[edit]

Kirensk has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). Winters are severely cold with average temperatures from −32.2 °C (−26.0 °F) to −21.0 °C (−5.8 °F) in January, while summers are warm with average temperatures from +12.2 °C (54.0 °F) to +25.3 °C (77.5 °F). Precipitation is quite low and is significantly higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Kirensk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.4
(34.5)
7.0
(44.6)
16.1
(61)
24.4
(75.9)
33.6
(92.5)
36.8
(98.2)
36.6
(97.9)
36.5
(97.7)
29.3
(84.7)
24.0
(75.2)
8.9
(48)
4.1
(39.4)
36.8
(98.2)
Average high °C (°F) −21.0
(−5.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−3.6
(25.5)
5.5
(41.9)
15.4
(59.7)
22.8
(73)
25.3
(77.5)
22.0
(71.6)
12.9
(55.2)
2.6
(36.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
−19.3
(−2.7)
3.11
(37.59)
Daily mean °C (°F) −26.7
(−16.1)
−22.3
(−8.1)
−12.7
(9.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
7.8
(46)
15.3
(59.5)
18.3
(64.9)
15.1
(59.2)
6.7
(44.1)
−2.1
(28.2)
−15.5
(4.1)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−3.5
(25.69)
Average low °C (°F) −32.2
(−26)
−29.2
(−20.6)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−8.0
(17.6)
0.9
(33.6)
8.5
(47.3)
12.2
(54)
9.5
(49.1)
2.3
(36.1)
−6.0
(21.2)
−20.6
(−5.1)
−29.8
(−21.6)
−9.45
(14.98)
Record low °C (°F) −57.8
(−72)
−56.2
(−69.2)
−47.7
(−53.9)
−36.8
(−34.2)
−15.4
(4.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
−11.3
(11.7)
−37.6
(−35.7)
−49.6
(−57.3)
−57.0
(−70.6)
−57.8
(−72)
Precipitation mm (inches) 19
(0.75)
14
(0.55)
11
(0.43)
14
(0.55)
31
(1.22)
52
(2.05)
67
(2.64)
59
(2.32)
42
(1.65)
32
(1.26)
28
(1.1)
26
(1.02)
395
(15.54)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 1 7 16 18 17 17 18 10 1 0 105
Avg. snowy days 26 22 18 10 2 0 0 0 1 14 25 27 145
 % humidity 78 77 70 62 59 67 74 78 79 77 79 79 73.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 50 104 176 216 252 284 265 207 135 89 56 29 1,863
Source #1: pogoda.ru.net[10]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[11]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Charter of Irkutsk Oblast
  2. ^ a b c Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations of Irkutsk Oblast
  3. ^ a b Law #49-OZ
  4. ^ a b c d Law #87-oz
  5. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Weather And Climate - Climate Kirenske" (in Russian). Retrieved January 23, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Climate Normals for Kirensk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 23, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Постановление №9/5-ЗС от 15 апреля 2009 г. «Устав Иркутской области», в ред. Закона №2-У от 30 мая 2014 г. «О поправках к Уставу Иркутской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Областная", №45, 24 апреля 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Resolution #9/5-ZS of April 15, 2009 Charter of Irkutsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #2-U of May 30, 2014 On Amending the Charter of Irkutsk Oblast. Effective as of the day following a ten-day period after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Закон №49-ОЗ от 21 июня 2010 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Иркутской области», в ред. Закона №147-ОЗ от 18 декабря 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в статьи 14 и 34 Закона Иркутской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Иркутской области"». Вступил в силу после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Областная", №71, 25 июня 2010 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Law #49-OZ of June 21, 2010 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Irkutsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #147-OZ of December 18, 2013 On Amending Articles 14 and 34 of the Law of Irkutsk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Irkutsk Oblast". Effective as of after the day of the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Иркутской области. Закон №87-оз от 16 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Киренского района Иркутской области», в ред. Закона №92-ОЗ от 5 ноября 2013 г. «О распространении действия Закона Иркутской области "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Киренского района Иркутской области" на всю территорию нового субъекта Российской Федерации — Иркутской области и внесении в него изменений». Вступил в силу с 31 декабря 2004 г., но не ранее чем через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Восточно-Сибирская правда", №254–255, 20 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Irkutsk Oblast. Law #87-oz of December 16, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kirensky District of Irkutsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #92-OZ of November 5, 2013 On Expanding the Scope of the Law of Irkutsk Oblast "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Kirensky District of Irkutsk Oblast" to the Whole Territory of the New Federal Subject of the Russian Federation—Irkutsk Oblast—and on Amending It. Effective as of December 31, 2004, but not earlier than 10 days after the official publication date.).
  • Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Formations of Irkutsk Oblast (Russian)