Kirkcaldy Burghs (UK Parliament constituency)

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Kirkcaldy Burghs
Former Burgh constituency
for the House of Commons
19501974 (1974)
Number of members One
18321950
Number of members One
Type of constituency District of burghs constituency

Kirkcaldy Burghs was a burgh constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom (Westminster) from 1832 to 1974. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post voting system. From 1832 to 1950 it was, officially, a district of burghs constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

In 1918 the constituency covered the burghs of Kirkcaldy, Buckhaven, Methil and Innerleven, Burntisland, Dysart and Kinghorn.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party Notes
1832 Robert Ferguson
1835 John Fergus
1837 Robert Ferguson
1841 by-election Robert Ferguson
1862 by-election Roger Sinclair Aytoun
1874 Robert Reid
1875 by-election Sir George Campbell Liberal
1892 by-election Sir James Henry Dalziel Liberal later Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy
1921 by-election Thomas Kennedy Labour
1922 Sir Robert Hutchison National Liberal later Baron Hutchison of Montrose
1923 Thomas Kennedy Labour
1931 Albert Russell Unionist
1935 Thomas Kennedy Labour
1944 by-election Thomas Hubbard Labour
1959 Harry Gourlay Labour subsequently MP for Kirkcaldy
Feb. 1974 constituency abolished: see Kirkcaldy

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

At the United Kingdom general election, 1868 Roger Sinclair Aytoun was returned unopposed.[1]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Kirkcaldy Burghs [2]

Electorate 5,282

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George Campbell 2,180
Independent Liberal John Malcolm Inglis 1,504
Conservative Hugh Thomas Munro 746
Majority 676
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Kirkcaldy Burghs [3]

Electorate 5,282

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir George Campbell 2,014
Liberal Unionist Thomas Barclay 911
Majority 1,103
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

James Henry Dalziel
Kirkcaldy Burghs by-election, 1892

Electorate 5,274

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Henry Dalziel 2,567
Liberal Unionist Robert Cox 1,531
Majority 1,036
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1892: Kirkcaldy Burghs [4]

Electorate 5,274

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Henry Dalziel 2,741
Liberal Unionist John Chisholm 939
Majority 1,802
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1895: Kirkcaldy Burghs [5]

Electorate 5,934

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Henry Dalziel 3,078
Conservative Charles Granville Kekewich 1,122
Majority 1,956
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Kirkcaldy Burghs [6]

Electorate 6,872

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Henry Dalziel 3,354
Liberal Unionist Michael Barker Nairn 2,013
Majority 1,341
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Kirkcaldy Burghs [7]

Electorate 7,943

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal James Henry Dalziel 4,659
Conservative Andrew Henderson Briggs Constable 1,410
Majority 3,249
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: Kirkcaldy Burghs[8]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir James Henry Dalziel 5,035 75.2
Conservative Arthur Anthony Baumann 1,659 24.8
Majority 3,376 50.4
Turnout 6,694
Liberal hold Swing
General Election Dec 1910: Kirkcaldy Burghs [9]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Sir James Henry Dalziel unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1918: Kirkcaldy Burghs[10]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Coalition Liberal Rt Hon. Sir James Henry Dalziel unopposed n/a n/a
Coalition Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Kirkcaldy Burghs by-election, 1921[11]

Electorate 33,326

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Kennedy 11,674 53.4 n/a
Coalition Liberal Sir Robert Cook Lockhart 10,199 46.6 n/a
Majority 1,475 6.8 n/a
Turnout 65.6 n/a
Labour gain from Coalition Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1922

Electorate 31,342

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Sir Robert Hutchison 12,762 51.4 +4.8
Labour Thomas Kennedy 12,089 48.6 -4.8
Majority 673 2.8 9.6
Turnout 79.3
National Liberal gain from Labour Swing +4.8
General Election 1923: Kirkcaldy Burghs [12]

Electorate 32,033

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Kennedy 14,221 54.4 +5.8
Liberal Sir Robert Hutchison 11,937 45.6 -5.8
Majority 2,284 8.8
Turnout 81.7
Labour gain from Liberal Swing +5.8
General Election 1924: Kirkcaldy Burghs [13]

Electorate 32,588

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Kennedy 14,038 52.7 -1.7
Liberal John Murray 12,607 47.3 +1.7
Majority 1,431 5.4 -3.4
Turnout 81.8
Labour hold Swing -1.7
General Election 1929: Kirkcaldy Burghs

Electorate 40,437

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Kennedy 17,410 59.6
Unionist Henry James Scrymgeour-Wedderburn 11,805 40.4
Majority 5,605 19.2
Turnout 72.2
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Kirkcaldy Burghs[14]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Albert Russell 19,132 56.9 +16.5
Labour Rt Hon. Thomas Kennedy 14,492 43.1 -16.5
Majority 33.0
Turnout 81.1 +8.9
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +16.5
General Election 1935: Kirkcaldy Burghs [15]

Electorate 43,232

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Rt Hon. Thomas Kennedy 19,457 56.3 +13.2
Unionist Albert Russell 15,086 43.7 -13.2
Majority 4,371 12.6 26.4
Turnout 79.9
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +13.2

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Kirkcaldy Burghs by-election, 1944

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Thomas Hubbard
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
  2. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  4. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  10. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  11. ^ The Times, 7 March 1921
  12. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  13. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanac, 1927
  14. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  15. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939