Kirkinner

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Kirkinner
Kirkinner is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Kirkinner
Kirkinner
 Kirkinner shown within Dumfries and Galloway
Council area Dumfries and Galloway
Lieutenancy area Wigtown
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEWTON STEWART
Postcode district DG8
Dialling code 01988
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Dumfries & Galloway
Scottish Parliament Galloway and Upper Nithsdale
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coordinates: 54°49′00″N 4°27′00″W / 54.8167°N 4.4500°W / 54.8167; -4.4500

Kirkinner is a village in the Machars, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. About 3 miles (4.8 km) southwest of Wigtown, it is bounded on the east by the bay of Wigtown, along which it extends for about three miles, and on the north by the river Bladnoch.[1][2]

History[edit]

Kirkinner Parish Church built in 1828[2]

There is a "Hill fort, Ring Hill", North Balfern, near Orchardtown Bay.[3][4]

Doon Hill fort (which is not a dun), Capenoch Croft, west of Barnbarroch, occupies a rocky knoll from which the ground falls away steeply to the E. Around the rim of the knoll there is the remains of a substantial stone wall, enclosing an area some 34.0m NE-SW by 30m transversely. The entrance, 4.0m wide, is in the SW. There is a ditch around the base of the knoll, except on the E, where there are steep slopes. It has been cut through living rock to the E of the entrance, and there are traces of a counterscarp bank on the NW.

On 21 Dec 1560 there was a Crown Confirmation of Feu Charter of 21 Dec 1560 by James Doddis prior, Allan Peter, Rolland Tailzeor, John Gibson and Thomas Wryt friars predicatores of the Convent of Wigton with consent of the chapter & of (Brother) John Greirsoun, Provincial of the Order, in augmentation of the Rental etc. & for £1000 Scots, in favour of (Sir) Alexander Stewart of Garroleis (Garlies) elder, & (Dame) Katharine Stewart spouses, conjunctly for their lives and Robert Stewart their son and his lawful heirs male whom failing William Stewart (of Castle Stewart, Penninghame, Wigtownshire ?) brother to the said Robert whom failing Anthony Stewart also their brother, of the following lands and annual rents, ecclesiastical & secular.[5]

Rev. Andrew Symson[6] was minister and the personal friend and parish clergyman of David Dunbar at Kirkinner. He wrote a poem on the morning of the funeral of Janet Dunbar (née Dalrymple) at Kirkinner in 1669 which may have been read at the funeral. Her strange death on the night of her marriage forms the basis of the plot of Walter Scott's The Bride of Lammermoor.[2][7]

St Kennara’s Cross[edit]

Just off Kirkinner's main street (A746 Whithorn road) stands the parish church of St Kennera (also Cinnera or Cannera). The 19th century church stands on the site of a 13th-14th century foundation and perhaps an even earlier monastic cell where lived the 4th century hermitess, Saint Kennera. Inside the church stands a 4 foot high cross-slab dating from the 10th century AD. On the stone is carved a Celtic style disc-headed cross. The stone slab had apparently stood at the western side of the church for some time before being brought into the church for safety.[2]

Parish[edit]

There are two different Timothy Pont maps c.1650s showing the Kirkinner area in Wigtownshire. Kirkinner parish can be seen at the National Library of Scotland, John Ainslie map of AD 1782.[8] The parish was sometimes known as Kirkinner and Longcastle parish, the parish of Longcastle having been annexed into Kirkinner in 1650. It was a parish for both civil and religious purposes from the sixteenth century until 1975.[9][10]

19th and 20th centuries[edit]

Baldoon Castle

Castelcruick was located at or near Crook of Baldoon, at the end of Shell Road on the opposite side of Lane Burn to Baldoon Castle. Crook of Baldoon has been referred to simply as Crook (1851 census), Cruick (1841 census), Cruik, Creoch, Creochs, Crioch, and Friar's Cruik. According to Around the Parish of Kirkinner, it was part of the Baldoon estate in the 19th century.

The flat carse lands by Bladnoch River were home to a Royal Air Force field of WWII. Lane Burn seems to have been diverted for the Baldoon Airfield, based on comparison of the 1895 and current OS maps.

Kirkinner railway station was located on the Newton Stewart to Whithorn branchline. The station opened on the 2 August 1875, closed to passengers on 25 September 1950 and to freight on 5 October 1964.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Map of the Parish of Kirkinner in the Historical County of Wigtown". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d "Kirkinner". Undiscovered Scotland. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  3. ^ http://www.scotlandsplaces.gov.uk/search_item/index.php?service=RCAHMS&id=63414
  4. ^ http://maps.nls.uk/counties/view/?id=685#id=685&zoom=5&lat=5560&lon=12031&layers=BT
  5. ^ National Archives of Scotland GD138/1/171
  6. ^ http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Simson,_Andrew_%281638-1712%29_%28DNB00%29
  7. ^ This poem and the signature of Janet Dalrymple are in the Annals and Correspondence of the Viscount and the First and Second Earls of Stair by John Murray Graham Vol.I. pp. 43–49
  8. ^ http://maps.nls.uk/counties/view/?id=685
  9. ^ A large description of Galloway. by Andrew Symson. pp.40-44. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/hvd.32044081265258
  10. ^ http://celticsaints.org/2007/1029b.html