Kirkjubæjarklaustur

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Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Village
Farm building at Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Farm building at Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Location of the Municipality of Skaftárhreppur
Location of the Municipality of Skaftárhreppur
Kirkjubæjarklaustur is located in Iceland
Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Location in Iceland
Coordinates: 63°46′N 18°4′W / 63.767°N 18.067°W / 63.767; -18.067
Country Iceland
Constituency[1] South Constituency
Region[2] Southern Region
Municipality Skaftárhreppur
Population (2011)
 • Total 120
Time zone GMT (UTC+0)
Website Official website
Kirkjubæjarklaustur's basalt Kirkjugólf

The village Kirkjubæjarklaustur (Icelandic for "church farm cloister", pronounced [ˈcʰɪrcjʏˌpaɪjarˌkʰlœɪstʏr] ( ); often referred to locally as just Klaustur) is a village in the south of Iceland on the hringvegur (road no. 1 or Ring Road) between Vík í Mýrdal and Höfn. It is part of the municipality of Skaftárhreppur with about 120 inhabitants.

Location[edit]

Kirkjubæjarklaustur's geographical location makes it better known than other villages its size. It is the only place between Vík and Höfn which offers services, including a fuel station, bank, post office and supermarket. Nearby tourist attractions include the Laki craters, the Eldgjá and Skaftafell, all in Vatnajökull National Park. An attraction close to the village is Kirkjugólf ("Church floor"), a natural pavement of basalt. These are basalt columns in the earth, but only the tops can be seen, and, as the name suggests, they have the appearance of a paved church floor. This lava formation has similar origins to the Giant's Causeway in Ireland. All these attractions contribute to Kirkjubæjarklaustur being a popular stopping point for tourists.

History[edit]

Even before the time of the first Norse settlement in Iceland, Irish monks are thought to have lived here. Since 1186, a well known convent of Benedictine nuns, Kirkjubæjar Abbey, was located in Kirkjubæjarklaustur, until the Reformation in 1550. The names of the waterfall Systrafoss ("the waterfall of the sisters") and of the lake Systravatn on the highland above the village refer to this cloister. Folk tales illustrate the history with stories about good and sinful nuns.[citation needed] The Systrastapi (sister's rock) is where two of the convent's nuns were buried after being burned at the stake. One of the nuns was accused of selling her soul to the Devil, carrying Communion bread outside the church, and having carnal knowledge with men; the other was charged with speaking blasphemously of the Pope. After the Reformation, the second sister was vindicated, and flowers are said to bloom on her grave, but not that of the first nun. Systravatn also has a legend relating to the convent. The nuns traditionally bathed in the lake, and one day two nuns saw a hand with a gold ring extending from the water. When they tried to seize the ring, they were dragged below the water and drowned.[citation needed]

The village became well known in Iceland during the Lakagígar volcano eruptions in 1783. The pastor of the local church and dean of Vestur-Skaftafellssýsla, Jón Steingrímsson (1728 – 1791), delivered what became known as the "Fire Sermon" (eldmessu) on July 20, 1783. The legend says that this sermon stopped the lava flow, and the village was spared at the last moment. The current church, constructed in 1974, was built in memory of the Reverend Jón Steingrímsson.[3]

Today, the village is an important service center for the farms in the region as well as for tourists and weekend visitors.[citation needed] Many people from Reykjavík, the country's capital, have weekend huts by a nearby lake.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kirkjubæjarklaustur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
8.9
(48)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
21.5
(70.7)
23.5
(74.3)
25.5
(77.9)
22.6
(72.7)
19.6
(67.3)
15.6
(60.1)
12.5
(54.5)
9.5
(49.1)
25.0
(77)
Average high °C (°F) 2.0
(35.6)
2.6
(36.7)
3.5
(38.3)
6.4
(43.5)
9.7
(49.5)
12.7
(54.9)
14.9
(58.8)
13.8
(56.8)
10.7
(51.3)
7.0
(44.6)
3.4
(38.1)
2.1
(35.8)
7.4
(45.3)
Average low °C (°F) −3.0
(26.6)
−2.3
(27.9)
−1.9
(28.6)
0.4
(32.7)
3.5
(38.3)
6.5
(43.7)
8.2
(46.8)
7.7
(45.9)
4.8
(40.6)
2.2
(36)
−1.5
(29.3)
−3.1
(26.4)
1.8
(35.2)
Record low °C (°F) −15.7
(3.7)
−19.1
(−2.4)
−15.3
(4.5)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
−0.8
(30.6)
3.0
(37.4)
0.2
(32.4)
−3.8
(25.2)
−9.8
(14.4)
−13.2
(8.2)
−18.5
(−1.3)
−19.1
(−2.4)
Precipitation mm (inches) 145.0
(5.709)
130.4
(5.134)
130.6
(5.142)
115.1
(4.531)
117.6
(4.63)
131.0
(5.157)
120.8
(4.756)
158.7
(6.248)
140.7
(5.539)
184.8
(7.276)
136.5
(5.374)
133.1
(5.24)
1,644.8
(64.756)
Source: Iceland Met Office [4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political division
  2. ^ Mainly statistical division
  3. ^ Kirkjubæjarklaustur Chapel (More About Iceland)
  4. ^ "Iceland Met office: Historical Weather for Kirkjubaejarklaustur 1961-1990, Iceland". Iceland Met Office. 2012.  Retrieved on January 3, 2013.

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 63°47′N 18°04′W / 63.783°N 18.067°W / 63.783; -18.067