Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline

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Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
Location of Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
Location of Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline
Location
Country Iraq, Turkey
General direction east-west
From Kirkuk, Iraq
To Ceyhan, Turkey
General information
Type oil
Commissioned 1970
Technical information
Length 600 mi (970 km)
Maximum discharge 1.6 million barrels per day (250×10^3 m3/d)

Kirkuk–Ceyhan Oil Pipeline (also: Iraq–Turkey Crude Oil Pipeline) is a 600-mile (970 km) long pipeline. It is Iraq's largest crude oil export line.

Technical description[edit]

The pipeline consists two pipes with diameters of 46 inches (1,170 mm) and 40 inches (1,020 mm) and designed capacity of 1,100 thousand and 500 thousand barrels per day (~5.5×10^7 and ~2.5×10^7 t/a) respectively. Usable capacity of the line is believed to be only 300 thousand barrels per day (~1.5×10^7 t/a), with significant repairs still required.[1]

Incidents of sabotage[edit]

The line's Iraqi part has been a principal sabotage target since 2003.[2] On 26 October 2009, the blast near Mosul halted oil supplies through the pipeline.[3] On 16 August 2013, at around 0100 GMT near the al-Shura area 60 km to the south of the city of Mosul a bomb attack damaged the pipeline.[4] On 3 September 2013, at around 0200 GMT near Ein al-Jahash area, a bomb attack damaged the pipeline.[5]

Kurdistan Pipeline[edit]

In 2013, the Kurdistan Regional Government of Iraq completed a pipeline from the Taq Taq field through Khurmala and Dahuk to Faysh Khabur on the Turkey-Iraq border, where it is connected to the Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline. This 36-inch (910 mm) diameter pipeline has capacity of 150,000 barrels per day (24,000 m3/d). It allows the export of oil from the Taq Taq and Tawke oil fields.[6] On 23 May 2014, the Kurdistan Regional Government announced that the first oil transported via the new pipeline was loaded into tanker at Ceyhan.[7]

New pipeline proposal[edit]

Iraq is considering building a new Kirkuk–Ceyhan pipeline to bypass attack-prone areas and double the export capacity.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Gulf states mull over Hormuz bypass". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2007-05-11. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  2. ^ "Explosion at fuel pipeline west of Baghdad". USA Today. 2003-06-22. Retrieved 2008-03-08. 
  3. ^ "Blast rocks Kirkuk export link". Upstream Online (NHST Media Group). 2009-10-28. Retrieved 2009-10-28. 
  4. ^ "Iraq-Turkey oil pipeline bombed: officials". Reuters. 2013-08-16. 
  5. ^ "Bomb attack halts Kirkuk-Ceyhan pipeline crude flow". The Peninsula Qatar (newspaper) (Dar Al-Sharq). 2013-09-03. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  6. ^ "Operations in Kurdistan Region of Iraq". Genel Energy. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  7. ^ "KRG statement on first oil sales through pipeline export" (Press release). Kurdistan Regional Government. 2014-05-23. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  8. ^ Coskun, Orhan (2014-04-09). "Iraq wants to raise Kirkuk-Ceyhan oil flow above 1 mln bpd-minister". Reuters. Retrieved 2014-06-16.