Kirton, Lincolnshire

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Not to be confused with Kirton in Lindsey.
Kirton
SS Peter and Paul, Kirton - geograph.org.uk - 120800.jpg
Church of St Peter and St Paul, Kirton
Kirton is located in Lincolnshire
Kirton
Kirton
 Kirton shown within Lincolnshire
Population 4,019 
OS grid reference TF304385
   – London 100 mi (160 km)  S
District Boston
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BOSTON
Postcode district PE20
Dialling code 01205
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Boston and Skegness
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Coordinates: 52°55′40″N 0°03′35″W / 52.92782°N 0.05978°W / 52.92782; -0.05978

Kirton, or Kirton in Holland is a village and civil parish within the Borough of Boston, in Lincolnshire, England.

History[edit]

Kirton was the seat of Lincolnshire's first Saxon kings, later becoming a market town.[1]

In the Domesday account the village is written as “Cherchetune”. It consisted of 52 households, with 30 freemen and 16 smallholders, 12 ploughlands, 10 plough teams, a meadow of 60 acres (0.24 km2), a church and 2 salthouses. In 1066 lordship of the manor was held by Earl Ralph, being transferred to Count Alan of Brittany in 1086.[2][3]

Hitherto, the parish had formed part of Boston Rural District, in the Parts of Holland. Holland was one of the three divisions (formally known as parts) of the historic county boundaries of Lincolnshire. Since the Local Government Act of 1888, Holland had been in most respects, a county in itself.

In 1885 Kelly's Directory recorded the village as having a station on the Great Northern Railway. There existed Congregational and Wesleyan chapels and almshouses for four poor women. The village market was then disused. The Gas Consumers' Company Ltd was formed here in 1865. Principal landowners were The Mercers' Company, Sir Thomas Whichcote DL, E. R. C. Cust DL, the Very Rev. Arthur Percival Purey-Cust DD, and Samuel Smeeton, whose residence was the "modern white building" of D'Eyncourt Hall. Agricultural production within the 8,962 acres (36.27 km2) parish consisted of wheat, beans and potatoes, and there was a "large quantity of pasture land" and 676 acres (2.74 km2) of marsh land. The 1881 the ecclesiastical parish population was 2,011, the civil parish, 2,580.[4]

Church[edit]

The parish church is dedicated to St Peter & St Paul.[5] The transepts had double aisles like those of Algarkirk[6] and Spalding[7] but in 1804 the central tower and transepts were pulled down and the chancel shortened, the architect (Hayward) using gunpowder to remove the tower. Rebuilding was completed by 1809. In 1900 a restoration of the church was undertaken by architect Hodgson Fowler.[8]

Grammar school[edit]

In 1624 Thomas (later Sir Thomas) Middlecott was empowered by a Private Act of Parliament to found a Free Grammar School for the instruction of Latin and Greek language, and English commercial and agricultural education, to children from the parishes of Kirton, Sutterton, Algarkirk and Fosdyke. By 1835 the school had 40 pupils, partly free and partly fee-paying. The (head) master appointed in 1773, Rev. Charles Wildbore (c1736-1802), and later his son by the same name (1767-1842), were alleged to have been diverting surplus income from the school's endowments for their own use, and failing to properly maintain educational standards. This culminated in a Parliamentary report, and the management of the school was ultimately restructured in 1851. By 1885 William Cochran was the master, and a new school house had been erected adjacent to his residence. Under a scheme of the Endowed School Act, amended in 1898, the school was ranked as a "second-grade" Grammar School.[4][8][9][10]

In the 1830s a girls' school for 14 day and boarding pupils, and a Sunday School for 32 males and 16 females existed in the village.[10]

The village now has a secondary modern school: Middlecott School.

Geography[edit]

Kirton is on the A16, B1397 and B1192 south of Boston, near Frampton and Sutterton. Several satellite villages and hamlets take their name from Kirton, including Kirton Holme, Kirton End, Kirton Fen, Kirton Skeldyke, and Kirton Marsh. Until 1970, the village had the Kirton railway station.

Local governance of the village was reorganised on 1 April 1974, as a result of the Local Government Act 1972. Kirton parish forms its own electoral ward.

Kirton falls within the drainage area of the Black Sluice Internal Drainage Board.[11]

Research centre[edit]

The Kirton Research Centre, which was closed in 2009, was nearby. Ownership of the 120-acre (0.49 km2) centre was transferred from DEFRA to the University of Warwick in April 2004 and became part of Horticulture Research International. In August 2009 the University closed the centre as public and private funding failed to cover running costs.[12]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirton in Holland, Genuki.org.uk. Retrieved 23 April 2011
  2. ^ "Kirton", Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 20 April 2012
  3. ^ "Documents Online: Kirton, Lincolnshire", Folio: 367v, Great Domesday Book; The National Archives. Retrieved 20 April 2012
  4. ^ a b c Kelly's Directory of Lincolnshire with the port of Hull 1885, pp. 504, 505
  5. ^ St.Peter & St.Paul's church geograph.org.uk; retrieved 23 April 2011
  6. ^ St.Peter & St.Paul's church, Algakirk, Lincs geograph.org.uk; retrieved 23 April 2011
  7. ^ The Church of St Mary and St Nicolas, Spalding geograph.org.uk; retrieved 23 April 2011
  8. ^ a b Cox, J. Charles (1916); Lincolnshire p. 187; Methuen & Co. Ltd.; retrieved 23 April 2011
  9. ^ Report of the commissioners appointed in pursuance of an act of Parliament made and passed in the 5th and 6th years of King William the 4th, c. 71, intituled, "an act for appointing commissioners to continue the inquiries concerning charities in England and Wales, until the first day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven"; P.P. 1839 [194] 32−−Part IV, 38
  10. ^ a b Great Britain. Parliament. House of Commons (1835); Parliamentary Papers, Volume 42, p. 527; BiblioBazaar, LLC (2010). ISBN 1144191092
  11. ^ "Black Sluice IDB". 
  12. ^ The Kirton Research Centre, University of Warwick
  13. ^ Arthur Perceval Purey-Cust; Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 19 April 2012
  14. ^ "Meares, Francis (MRS584F)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Kirton, Lincolnshire at Wikimedia Commons

Media[edit]