Kiryū, Gunma

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Kiryū
桐生市
City
Kiryū city hall
Kiryū city hall
Flag of Kiryū
Flag
Official seal of Kiryū
Seal
Location of Kiryū in Gunma Prefecture
Location of Kiryū in Gunma Prefecture
Kiryū is located in Japan
Kiryū
Kiryū
 
Coordinates: 36°24′18.6″N 139°29′50.1″E / 36.405167°N 139.497250°E / 36.405167; 139.497250Coordinates: 36°24′18.6″N 139°29′50.1″E / 36.405167°N 139.497250°E / 36.405167; 139.497250
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Gunma Prefecture
Area
 • Total 274.45 km2 (105.97 sq mi)
Population (February 2015)
 • Total 114,924
 • Density 419/km2 (1,090/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
- Tree Sweet Osmanthus
- Flower Salvia splendens
Phone number 0277-46-1111
Address 1-1 Orihimechō, Kiryū, Gunma-ken 376-8501
Website Official website

Kiryū (桐生市 Kiryū-shi?) is a city located in eastern Gunma Prefecture in the northern Kantō region of Japan. As of February 2015, the city had an estimated population of 114,924 and a population density of 419 persons per km². Its total area was 274.45 km².

Geography[edit]

Kiryū is in the southeast part of Gunma, in the northern Kanto Plains near the Tochigi border. It is located approximately 100 kilometres (62 mi) northwest of Tokyo. The city is also not far from Mount Akagi, a large but dormant volcano. The city consists of two separate geographic areas, with the city of Midori sandwiched inbetween. Situated at the foot of Mount Akagi, the city boasts one of the most beautiful settings in the Kantō region. Two rivers, the Kiryū and the Watarase River, run through the heart of the city and it is likewise surrounded by picturesque mountains to the north. Umeda, a district on the north side of the city, is well known for its cedar trees, while red pines are also common in other areas.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

History[edit]

During the Edo period, most of the area of present-day Kiryū was part of the tenryō holding under the direct administration of the Tokugawa shogunate in Kōzuke Province, with the exception of the commercial center and temple town of Kiryū-shinmachi, noted for sericulture since the Nara period, which was part of Shōnai Domain of Dewa Province. The area and also prospered from its location on the Kiryū and Watarase rivers.

Modern Kiryū Town was created within Yamada District, Gunma Prefecture on April 1, 1889 with the creation of the municipalities system after the Meiji Restoration. It was raised to city status on March 1, 1921. Kiryū annexed the neighboring village of Sakaino on April 1, 1933 and village of Hirosawa on April 1, 1937. The city expanded further with the annexation of Umeda, Aioi and part of Kawauchi village on October 1, 1954

On June 13, 2005, Kiryū absorbed the villages of Niisato and Kurohone (both from Seta District),

Economy[edit]

Traditionally, Kiryū's principal industry was sericulture and silk textile manufacturing, with records dating silk production as far back as 713.[citation needed] Pachinko manufacturing arrived in Kiryū after World War II, during the period of industrial reconstruction, with the formation of two main companies—the Heiwa Corporation in 1949, and the Sophia Corporation in 1951. Kiryū's factories are responsible for manufacturing 60% of Japan's pachinko machines.[citation needed] However, the decreased demand for silk goods and the closure of several area manufacturing concerns have caused the local economy to suffer.

Mitsuba Corporation, a major manufacturer of automotive parts is headquartered in the city.[1]

Education[edit]

There are six public and two private high schools, ten public and two private middle schools, and seventeen public elementary schools in Kiryū. Gunma University also has a campus in the city.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Having been virtually untouched by bombs during World War II, the city boasts one of the greatest concentrations of pre-war architecture in all of Japan.[citation needed]

Sister-city relations[edit]

Noted people from Kiryu[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Head Quarter, Offices and Plants." Mitsuba Corporation. Retrieved on August 20, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kiryu, Gunma at Wikimedia Commons